Skip to main content

Questions tagged [equations-of-motion]

DO NOT USE THIS TAG just because the question contains an equation of motion!

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4 votes
2 answers
210 views

Splitting Scalar into Holomorphic and Anti-Holomorphic Parts

I am reading Tong’s string theory lecture notes. On page 78, he splits the 2d free scalar into left- and right-moving parts, seemingly using the classical equation of motion as justification. Why is ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
0 answers
15 views

Gauge invariance using equations of motion [duplicate]

I am working with a lagrangian on a homework problem. I expect it to have some gauge invariance. I can show that the Lagranian is invariant under those (gauge) tansformations but I have to use ...
baba26's user avatar
  • 513
3 votes
0 answers
66 views

Consequences for symmetries of the equations of motion in QFT

In general, if a Quantum Field Theory is described by a Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$, the symmetries of $\mathcal{L}$ lead to classically conserved currents along the equations of motion and Ward ...
Marcosko's user avatar
  • 370
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

To find the displacement of a rolling body

When calculating the displacement of a rolling body do we just calculate the displacement due to Vcom in a particular time t or additionally need to consider also the displacement that may be produced ...
Venkatesh Tiwari's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
114 views

Does the path integral approach to QFT have equations of motion? [duplicate]

In the canonical quantization approach for QFT, we deal with operators & their (anti)commutation relations. However, at the same time, we say that the field operators are the solutions of equation ...
TrentKent6's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
100 views

Why does the ball in Galileo's double inclined plane experiment reach the same height?

Why does the ball in Galileo's double inclined plane experiment reach the same height? I know how to show it by energy conservation law but am unable to prove it by the equations of motion. Can anyone ...
Mathologist's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
131 views

Noether’s second theorem: about the action principle

Noether's second theorem is supposed to show that the invariance of the Lagrangian by the Lie group (infinite in dimension) of certain theories necessarily implies that the field equations proper to ...
Husserliana's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Why for motion planning of quadrators the goal is to minimize the jerk/snap?

In motion planning for quadrators the optimization goal is sometimes to minimize the (norm squared of the) jerk and more often the (norm squared of the) snap. Can someone provide an intuitive and ...
Math98's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
2 answers
105 views

Can the $\eta_{\mu\nu}\mathcal{L}$ term in canonical energy–momentum tensor be omitted?

From Noether theory we can define the canonical energy–momentum tensor as \begin{equation} T_{\mu\nu}\equiv\frac{\partial\mathcal{L}}{\partial(\partial^\mu\phi)}\partial_\nu\phi-\eta_{\mu\nu}\mathcal{...
Kernifan's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Why the classical Euler-Lagrange equation is assumed when deriving the Noether's conserved current?

As known, in QFT, the conserved currents, such as the energy-momentum tensor, can be derived from the Noether's theorem and expressed as the product of the field operators. These conserved currents ...
dudulu's user avatar
  • 163
4 votes
2 answers
527 views

Conceptual question about Euler-Lagrange equations in Quantum Field Theory

So I've started going down the QFT rabbit hole aided by Schwartz's book "Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model". On chapter 7, the first method used to find the position-space Feynman ...
FranDahab's user avatar
  • 328
1 vote
1 answer
234 views

Using EOM in QED Lagrangian [duplicate]

Let's have the QED Lagrangian. $$\mathcal{L} = -\frac{1}{4} F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} + \bar{\Psi}(i\partial_\mu \gamma^\mu - m)\Psi + g\bar{\Psi}A_\mu \gamma^\mu \Psi.\tag{1}$$ The equations of motion are:...
Cristhian Angelo's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

Schwarzschild's null-geodesic new form or an error?

My question is whether or not this form (radial acceleration of a photon) $$\ddot{r}=\frac{L^2}{r^4}(r-3M)$$ is correct ? Recall the standard set of second-order ODE for the Schwarzschild metric (for ...
JSBach49's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Test charge in 2+1 dimensions

Given a Chern-Simons theory,as in this resource(page 4), in 2+1 dimensions we can define the electric and magnetic fields as $$ E_i=-\partial_iA_0-\partial_0A_i\;\;\;B=\epsilon^{ij}\partial_iA_j $$ ...
twisted manifold's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Equations of Motion and Minimization of Spacetime Interval

I'm trying to show that the extrema of a path in spacetime, as given by the spacetime interval (or length if just considering space) is the one that solves the equations of motion. Let a path be given ...
Connor Dolan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Relation between equations of the form "Derivative" $f=0$

I'm currently taking an introductory course in QFT, and I've noticed that lots of equations in physics take the form of "Derivative" of a funcition equal 0. Some examples being the wave ...
user728261's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Euler-Lagrangian equation of motion of quantum fields in QFT

A canonical way of doing quantum field theory is by starting with some Lagrangian, for example, that of free scalar field $$L=\frac{1}{2}\partial_{\mu}\phi \partial^{\mu}\phi-\frac{1}{2}m\phi^2$$ Then ...
Tan Tixuan's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
362 views

What is the difference between 'Equation of motion' and 'Transport equation'?

I think this is a simple question with a not so easily explained answer. What is the difference between the Equation of motion and Transport eq? Is Navier stokes equation an 'Equation of motion' or a '...
GRANZER's user avatar
  • 649
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

What the role of classical equation of motion in quantum field theory?

I've learnt quantum field theory for a semester but I still can't understand the role of classical equation of motion in QFT. I have looked up for several books. They all discuss classical field ...
Taveren Sa's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
346 views

Paradox in the Kinematic SUVAT Equations of Motion

The 5 equations of motion have been chosen such that from the 5 variables of motion: $s$, $u$, $v$, $a$ and $t$; each equation, exclusively omits one of these. This allows us to only ever require the ...
IqbalHamid's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
446 views

Equations of motion of the metric in Classical Dilaton Gravity

In these lecture notes by Strominger section 3.3 we derive the equations of motion of the Classical Dilaton Gravity action $$ S = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int{d^2x}{\sqrt{-g}e^{-2\phi}\left(R +4 (\nabla\phi)^2+...
twisted manifold's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
120 views

Heisenberg's equation of motion without reference to Schrödinger's picture

Well I'm reading Mukhanov & Winitzki's Introduction to quantum effects in gravity, and I got to the exercise 2.8 that ask to derive Heisenberg's equation of motion \begin{equation} \frac{d\hat{A}}{...
vxxm's user avatar
  • 1
4 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can energy conservation equation be seen as equation of motion?

After all, energy conservation equation is a differential equation that can be solved to find the motion, but this is never done. It is alway considered equation of motion only the time derivative of ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
139 views

Why do we need to equation of state (EOS) equation?

I cannot understand why we need the equation of state of star for the numerical solution of TOV equation. In fact, I do not know how EOS equation helps with solving TOV equation. How is EOS equation ...
Alice's user avatar
  • 67
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Newton-Euler approach for the equations of motion of spherical pendulum attachted to a moving body with 6 degrees of freedom

I would like to obtain equations of motion for a spherical pendulum suspended from a (6 degrees of freedom) moving body (generalization of a simple pendulum on a cart) using Newton-Euler approach. ...
sample's user avatar
  • 23
1 vote
0 answers
193 views

Trajectory of magnetic dipole in a inhomogeneous magnetic field

Goal: I want to use Python to illustrate how a magnetic dipole with magnetic moment m2 moves in a non-homogeneous magnetic field in a 2D-Plane. This field is generated by another magnetic dipole with ...
tester931's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

How do I derive a particular form of the Langevin equation from Mori's generalized master equation?

Preliminary: I have a generalized Langevin equation for a set of relevant operators, written in Liouiville space as $\{|A_{v}\rangle \}$, and obtained via Mori's projection operator technique: \begin{...
nocopiousmargins's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
88 views

Can there exist a motion which cannot be described as a function of time?

I know there exist systems for which we cannot solve its differential equation, But I was wondering if there could be a motion that cannot be represented as a differential equation with respect to ...
StoneZoo's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
203 views

Equality modulo equations of motion [closed]

What does Qmechanic mean by “equality modulo equations of motion” when talking about Lagrangian formulation/formalism and so on?
TheDawg's user avatar
  • 71
-1 votes
1 answer
48 views

Question of ball falling down.Difficulty in understanding the formula

A ball is thrown upward from the top of a tower 40m high. u = 10m/s.Find time for it reach AD. g = $10m/s^2$. Taking upwards direction as +ve and downward as -ve. u = +10m/s.$g=-10m/s^2$.s=-40. $-40 = ...
Srijan's user avatar
  • 725
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

"Equations of motions" and direction of maximal entropy

Say one has a system of statistical physics whose entropy is given as a function of one or multiple variables; for example as $S(x)$. An example of such a system could be a osmosis system, or a ...
Anon21's user avatar
  • 1,548
0 votes
4 answers
95 views

I want to know the difference in two methods I have solved [closed]

A thief is driving away on a straight road in jeep moving with a speed of 9 m/s. A police man chases him on a motorcycle moving at a speed of 10 m/s. If the instantaneous separation of the jeep from ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
154 views

Can we determine the order of the equations of motion simply by looking at the action?

Naively, one would expect the EL equations arising from an action to contain derivatives (of the dynamics field) of an order that is twice the order of the highest-order derivative (of the dynamic ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
559 views

Deriving conserved charges from the equations of motion

It is very well established how to derive conserved charges associated to the symmetries of Lagrangian using the Noether's theorem. Also in the Hamiltonian formulation, we know how to derive the ...
Ali Seraj's user avatar
  • 980
0 votes
1 answer
186 views

Bullet piercing through block problem [closed]

A bullet moving with a velocity of 200cm/s penetrates a wooden block and comes to rest after traversing 4cm inside it . What velocity is needed for travelling distance of 9cm in same block. My though ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Lagrangian of a charged particle in a magnetic field (specific problem)

I have to determine the Lagrangian and the angular velocity $\omega = \dot\theta$, in cylindrical coordinates $(r, \theta, z)$, of a electron with mass $m$ and charge $-e$, wich is experiencing a ...
Leonardo Loreti's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
291 views

Deriving the field operators for Quantum Field theories

I always see the form of the field operators derived by, in the case of a scalar spin 0 particle, imposing the field commutation relations on the classical field solutions of the Klein Gordon equation ...
Quanta's user avatar
  • 631
6 votes
4 answers
942 views

What is the difference between "field equations" and "equations of motion"?

I come across the terms "equations of motion" and "field equations" all the time, but what is the difference? For example, general relativity is described in terms of the Einstein ...
Superbee's user avatar
  • 661
5 votes
2 answers
434 views

Can we reverse the geodesic equation to find a metric for the theory?

The geodesic equation describes the motion of a particle moving in a straight line embedded in a curved geometry. $$\frac{d^2 x^\mu}{d\tau^2}+\Gamma^\mu_{\alpha\beta} \frac{dx^\alpha}{d\tau}\frac{dx^\...
Joshua Pasa's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
697 views

Motion of charged particle in uniform magnetic field and a radially symmetric electric field

This question posted by me on MSE talks about a physics problem. This is what it was: (I hope someone can help me with this) Consider a region of 2-dimensional space with a uniform magnetic field of ...
anonymous's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Missing equations in Maxwell's equations

We have Maxwell's Equations (ignoring permittivity and permeability of free space) $$ \nabla\cdot E=\rho\;;\;\nabla\times E=-\frac{\partial B}{\partial t} $$ $$ \nabla\cdot B=0\;;\;\nabla\times B=\...
firest's user avatar
  • 115
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

Velocity of object on extremely low air density?

If we derive velocity in air when setting air resistance to $kv$, we'll get $$v= \frac{mg}{k}\left(1-e^{\frac{kt}{m}}\right) $$ and if air density goes to $0$, $k$ will also goes to $0$. When $t=T$ (...
WienAudience's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
182 views

Equations of motion describing a great circle

I'd like to argue that equations of motions of the form $$\ddot \varphi = 0 \quad \text{and} \quad \ddot\theta = \sin\theta\cos\theta\dot\varphi^2$$ describe a great circle. I think the standard ...
Sito's user avatar
  • 1,215
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

numerically integrating a trajectory in polar coordinates

So I've reduced my problem to not being sure how to integrate a trajectory in polar coordinates. Suppose I have a free particle and I express its Hamiltonian thus: $H =\eta_{ij}P^iP^j,$ where $\...
David's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes
1 answer
625 views

Why can we use the equation of motion to calculate the amplitude in "Quantum Field Theory"?

I am reading the chapter on electron-proton scattering from "Quantum Field Theory in a Nutshell". The author calculates the amplitude of the electron-proton scattering (up to the second order). The ...
Kimari's user avatar
  • 518
5 votes
3 answers
407 views

In what sense are the equations of motion conserved by symmetries?

I am studying variational principles and I have been reading this set of notes by Townsend. In the first paragraph of Section 9, Townsend defines what it means for a transformation to be a symmetry of ...
MB10000's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
2 answers
427 views

Rotation as an example of symmetry in classical mechanics

I modified the question because it was confused. On my book there is this mathematical definition of symmetry transformation: "The equations of motion have a symmetry, if the solutions of the ...
SimoBartz's user avatar
  • 1,904
1 vote
1 answer
98 views

Can we ignore the scalar field (dilaton) term in the Polyakov sigma-model action when deriving the classical equations of motion?

I have the full Polyakov sigma model action: \begin{equation} \begin{split} &S=S_P + S_B + S_\Phi = \\ &- {1 \over 4 \pi \alpha'} \Big[ \int_\Sigma d^2\sigma \sqrt{-g} g^{ab} \partial_a X^\mu ...
Petar Chernev's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
634 views

Why intuitively, do we define symmetries as transformations that map solutions of the equations of motion into other solutions?

Of course, strictly speaking, a symmetry is always a transformation that leaves a given object unchanged. But I'm curious why observable symmetries of physical systems are exactly those ...
jak's user avatar
  • 10.1k
0 votes
1 answer
44 views

Does the equation of ball going up in gravity straight up with a vertical initial velocity hold when it's coming down?

Suppose a ball is thrown up and having the same altitude at different times. So should the equation of motion $ v_0t - gt^2$ which I derive from balancing forces hold for both the times when the ball ...
Nobody recognizeable's user avatar