Episode #125 of the Stack Overflow podcast is here. We talk Tilde Club and mechanical keyboards. Listen now

Questions tagged [clifford-algebra]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is there a Cauchy integeal formula in Geometric algebra (GA) or space-time algebra or clifford algebra>

I am curious about Cauchy integral formula which is generalized to Clifford algebra especially Cl(1,3). If you are familiar with paper or theorems about this subject and share them. It will be very ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Matrix representation of the CAR for the fermionic degrees of freedom

The canonical anticommutation relations (CAR) for a fermionic degree of freedom can be written as follows: $$ a^2 = \left( a^{\dagger} \right) ^2 = 0, $$ $$ a a^{\dagger} + a^{\dagger} a = 1. $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Spinor Understanding: QFT vs pure Representation Theory

I have some questions on terminology used in QM & QFT and (pure mathematical) representation theory treating the concept of "spinor". Let us focus on Dirac spinor as described in https://en....
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Anticommutator of spin-1 matrices

We know that in the spin-1/2 representation the anticommutation relation of the Pauli matrices is $\{\sigma_{a},\sigma_{b}\}=2\delta_{ab}I$. Does a similar relation hold for the spin-1 representation?
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Clifford algebra formulation of the Nambu-goto action

Using the wedge product one can pair the generators the Clifford algebra $Cl_{1,3}(\mathbb{R})$ to produce 2-vectors (area elements). The Nambu-Goto action is a statement on the evolution of ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Why is there a negative sign in the (non-relativistic) bivector formulation of the Lorentz force?

I'm currently trying to update my understanding of basic (Newtonian, non-relativistic) physics to use bivectors and Clifford products instead of pseudovectors and cross products. And I've come up ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Dirac matrices for generalized metric tensors

The Dirac matrices are defined by the relations $$\left [\gamma^{i},\gamma^{j}\right]_{+}=2\eta^{i,j}\mathbb{1}$$ where $[\cdot,\cdot]_{+}$ is the anti-commutator. What happens if I replace $\eta^{i,...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

About elements “factorization” in Clifford Algebras

the article linked below is very instructive and advanced about real Clifford Algebras, and their relationship with Lorentz group. After a general introduction of a Clifford algebra, $\mathcal{Cl}(V,\...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Completeness relation of spin matrices

I was reading Hugh Osborne's notes on Conformal Field theory and came across a completeness relation which seems easy to prove but I am unable to do it. ${(s_{\mu\nu})}_{\alpha}^{\beta}{(s^{\mu\nu})}...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Doubt about mathematical construction underlying physical systems

Consider the first and second videos of this playlist $[1]$. It seems the professor tried to discuss some heuristic approach between number theory abstract algebra and physics; Classical Physics is ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Legal values of spin-1/2 field can take: $\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{H}$, .. (Grassmann)?

For the spin-1/2 fermion field $\psi$, we may choose it to be a spinor which needs to be Grassmann variable but can also be complex $\mathbb{C}$ Grassmann. (Dirac or Weyl spinor/fermion) We can ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

From relativistic equation to find Dirac matrices

Is this possible and then how? $$((\gamma \otimes \mathbf\sigma)\bullet\mathbf p)(\gamma^\prime\otimes\mathbf 1_2) = \gamma\gamma^\prime\otimes\sigma \bullet \mathbf p $$ where $\gamma$ and $\gamma^\...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Maximal anticommuting sets of Dirac matrices

At the end of this webpage, it is said that there exist 6 maximal anticommuting sets each consisting of 5 Dirac $\Gamma$-matrices. I couldn't find anything more in the book cited there, either. I ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

Dirac equation in 1+1D spacetime compared to “standard” 3+1D Dirac equation

In the past couple of weeks I've been studying the Dirac equation and its solutions. During a discussion with a tutor it was pointed out to me that one could formulate something similar to the Dirac ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Question about Pauli Matrices

I found the following identities about Pauli matrices from the lecture notes of Supersymmetry. $$((\sigma^{\mu})^{\alpha\dot{\alpha}})^{\ast}=(\bar{\sigma}^{\mu})^{\dot{\alpha}\alpha}$$ $$((\sigma_{\...
3
votes
2answers
253 views

Is there a Geometric Algebra for gravity?

I have been reading a lot on geometric algebra. I came to ask whether we had a formula for gravity under this algebra? - it turns out that an electromagnetic geometric algebra does exist but I could ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Identity Involving Grassmann Variables and Pauli Matrices

I am trying to prove the following identity: $$\theta\sigma^{\mu}\bar{\theta}\theta\sigma^{\nu}\bar{\theta}=\frac{1}{2}g^{\mu\nu}\theta\theta\bar{\theta}\bar{\theta}$$ Where $\theta$ and $\bar{\...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Proving an identity relating the gamma matrices

I'm looking to prove the following identity: $$k_a \gamma^a \gamma^\nu K_b \gamma^b p_c \gamma^c \gamma_\nu P_d \gamma^d = 4(p\cdot K)(P\cdot k)$$ I tried this many times but always seem to be stuck ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

General formulation of time reversal symmetry action on fermions

I'm wondering about a general way to define the action of time reversal on a fermion field $\psi$. From a few sources I've read (e.g. appendix A of Witten's paper on fermion path integrals), it seems ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How do I construct a Palantini action within Clifford algebra?

I want to define the following two object with spinor-type indices: $${\hat{e}}^{\alpha\beta}(x)\equiv e_n^\mu(x) \gamma_n^{\alpha\beta}\partial_\mu$$ $$\omega^{\alpha\beta}(x) \equiv e^\mu_p(x)W_\...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Proving identity $\DeclareMathOperator{\Tr}{Tr} \Tr\left[\gamma^{\mu}\gamma^{\nu}\right] = 4 \eta^{\mu\nu}$

In the lecture notes accompanying a course I'm following, it is stated that $$\DeclareMathOperator{\Tr}{Tr} \Tr\left[\gamma^{\mu}\gamma^{\nu}\right] = 4 \eta^{\mu\nu} $$ Yet when I try to prove this,...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Dirac matrices in 1+1 dimensions

Given $\gamma^\mu$ in 1+3 dimensions with signature $(+,-,-,-)$, how can I obtain Dirac matrices in 1+1 dimensions expressed in terms of the $\gamma^\mu$?
0
votes
2answers
333 views

Do I need Gamma matrices in Majorana representation in the Lagrangian of a Majorana fermion?

I understand that the Majorana representation of the Gamma matrices are the real representations of the associated Clifford algebra. A Majorana fermion is defined as a fermion that equals to its ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Confusion with trace of gamma matrices

Using $\{\gamma^\mu, \gamma^\nu\} = 2 \eta^{\mu\nu} \mathbf{1}$, it is easy to show that: \begin{align*} \operatorname{tr} \gamma^\mu \gamma^\nu = 4\eta^{\mu\nu} \end{align*} Now, it is also true that ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Gamma matrices in (2+1)

I am sure that is very well-known question and see on this site several similar questions but I would like to specify the answer 1) I know that in $(2+1)$-dimensions one can construct $\gamma$-...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Why do the $\gamma$ matrices behave like vectors (tensors)?

In the study of Quantum Field Theory and Group Theory for the spinor representation of $SO$ groups, we know the following correspondence: $\chi C\psi$ scalar $\chi C\gamma^\mu\psi$ vector $\chi C\...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Can one find Dirac matrices for any spacetime metric?

For any metric $$g_{μν}$$ is there always a linearly independant spacetime algebra satisfying $$\{\bar{γ}_μ,\bar{γ}_ν\} = 2 g_{μν} I?$$ For a diagonal metric I was able to work out that $$\bar{γ}_μ=\...
4
votes
2answers
219 views

What is the relationship between the Lorentz group and the $CL(1,3)$ algebra?

In my classes the dirac equation is always presented as the "square root" of the Klein Gordon equation, then from this you can demand certain properties from the Matrices (anticommutation relations, ...
0
votes
3answers
427 views

Is spinor the sum of scalar, vector, bi-vector, pseudo-vector, and pseudo-scalar?

Is spinor $\psi$ actually the sum of scalar, vector, bi-vector, ..., pseudo-scalar? Before talking about spinors, we have to differentiate two kinds of spacetime, demonstrated with the example of ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Missing identity element in the Clifford relation

While studying the Dirac equation, $$\left(i\gamma^{\mu} \partial_{\mu} - m\right)\psi = 0.$$ I have been finding difficulty understanding the following summarisation of the algebra that the $\gamma$-...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

What are Clifford fragments?

In his article/lecture on "What quantum physics can learn from Egyptian hieroglyphs"", researcher Robert Spekkens talks about Clifford fragments. He describes them as "containing only a subset of the ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

Relation between Dirac spinors, quaternions, and bicomplex numbers

Superficially Dirac spinor resp. Dirac gamma matrices and quaternions and bicomplex numbers seems to be very similar objects. all can be expressed by unitary 4x4 matrices so they seem to represent ...
3
votes
2answers
293 views

A useful identity for Gell-Mann $su(3)$ matrices?

We have the following beautiful result for Pauli $su(2)$ matrices $$(\vec{\sigma}\cdot\vec{a})(\vec{\sigma}\cdot\vec{b}) = \mathbb{I} ~\vec{a}\cdot\vec{b} + i (\vec{a} \times \vec{b}) \cdot \vec{\...
0
votes
1answer
232 views

Spacetime dimension and the dimension of Clifford algebra

The dimension of the Clifford algebra $C_p$ generated by a vector space $V^p$ is given by $2^p$, where $p$ is the dimension of the vector space (T. Frankel, the geometry of physics). Based on the top-...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

A question about the decoupling of Dirac equation in 1+1 dimension

It is said that in 1+1 dimension, if we take $\gamma^0=i\sigma^2$ and $\gamma^1=\sigma^1$, then the two components of dirac spinor $\psi_L$(upper component) and $\psi_R$(lower component) decouple in ...
1
vote
1answer
301 views

How to prove $\{\gamma^{\mu}, \gamma^{\nu}\}$ ? (notation problem)

I want to prove that $ \{\gamma^{\mu}, \gamma^{\nu} \}=2g^{\mu \nu} $ what are the indices $ \mu$ and $ \nu$ here? because I know the gamma matrices from 0 to 5 and I need to verify the anti ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Physical/geometrical interpretations of spinors?

Physically, a scalar is a quantity invariant with reference frame, a vector is a quantity associated with a direction, tensors are higher relationships between vectors - what are spinors? I thought I ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How to count states in SUSY multiplets?

There is an easy proof of the structure of multiplet that I don't reproduce here (it can be found in Bertolini, Lecture on Supersymmetry, pp.40-41 for the massless case and p.47 for the massive one)....
-1
votes
1answer
107 views

How is $\gamma^{\mu}$ defined in the anti commutation relation $\{{\gamma_{5},\gamma^{\mu}}\}$?

how is $\gamma^{\mu}$ defined in the anti commutation relation $\{\gamma_{5},\gamma^{\mu}\}$? does it make a difference if you write the index ${^\mu}$ lower? what does usually change if the index is ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Proof of the Anti-Commutation Relation for Gamma Matrices from Dirac Equation

My textbook on QFT says that the Dirac equation can be used to show the following relation: $$\{\gamma^{\mu},\gamma^{\nu}\}=2g^{\mu\nu}$$ I have searched around and unable to find how to prove this ...
2
votes
0answers
237 views

Gamma matrices in higher (even) spacetime dimensions

Suppose we write the gamma matrices in this following representation: \begin{align*} \gamma^{0}=\begin{pmatrix} \,\,0 & \mathbb{1}_{2}\,\,\\ \,\,\mathbb{1}_{2} & 0\,\, \end{...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Relation between the Dirac Algebra and the Lorentz group

In their book Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Peskin and Schroeder talk about a trick to form the generators for the Lorentz group from the commutators of the gamma matrices, using their anti-...
1
vote
0answers
225 views

Weyl and Majorana-Weyl spinors why need commutation?

Let $\psi$ denote a Dirac spinor then Weyl spinors are defined by: $$\psi_{L,R}=\frac{1}{2} (I\pm \gamma)\psi$$ on even dimensions $\gamma$ commutes with $\sigma_{\mu \nu}$ (generators used to define ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Is the Heighest weight vector in the Spinor rep of $SO(1,d-1)$ zero?

Consider the highest weight vector of the Spinor rep of $SO(1,d-1)$ where $d=2m+1$. It can be shown that: $$\gamma_i \gamma_{m+i}v=v\tag{*}$$ I cannot see why this relation does not imply that $v=0$? ...
6
votes
2answers
362 views

Clifford Algebra: Wedge product, cross product, and Hodge duality

I've been reading some papers related to Bell's Theorem which involve Clifford Algebra. I am investigating it for an undergrad project but none of my professors seem to know anything about Clifford ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

How to prove $\gamma^0=(\gamma^0)^T$?

The Dirac gamma matrix $\gamma^0$ is symmetric in Dirac, Weyl and Majorana representation. Is it in general true that $\gamma^0=(\gamma^0)^T$? Can it be proved that $\gamma^0=(\gamma^0)^T$ in a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Transformation between Weyl and Dirac representation of Gamma matrices

I want to find a similarity transformation $T$ between the Weyl representation and the Dirac representation of the gamma matrices: $\gamma_W^\mu=T \gamma_D^\mu T^{-1}$. It turns out that I can look at ...
8
votes
2answers
406 views

Are there projective representations of the Lorentz Group NOT coming from a Clifford algebra?

Let $\mathrm{SO}(1,d-1)_{+}$ be the restricted Lorentz Group in $d$ dimensions. Are there projective irreducible representations of this group that do not descend from a representation of $\mathrm{C}\...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

How are the covariant Pauli matrices defined?

When doing calculations with Weyl spinors, terms like $\theta\sigma^\mu\theta^\dagger$ appear. I know that for 3+1 spacetime dimensions, $\sigma^\mu = (\textbf{1}, \sigma^i)$ with $i=1,2,3$ the usual ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Matrix representation of Clifford algebra - steps [closed]

In (Vaz and da Rocha, 2016;pg108) the following two step process is given for finding the matrix representation of a Clifford algebra: (verbatim; except for notation) (1) Choose a set of $N$ ...