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Questions tagged [gravitational-lensing]

Gravitational lensing occurs when light from a distant object is bent as it travels to an observer, due to passing through the gravitational field of a massive object (such as a galaxy, or black hole).

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Gravitational lensing in the form of optical equation $\frac{1}{p} + \frac{1}{q} = \frac{1}{f}$? [duplicate]

Gravitational lensing and light deviation is a well known subject in General Relativity. I'm wondering if the null geodesics equation could be recast into the classical lenses equation: \begin{...
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Derivatives of the SPT transformed density profiles

I am trying to understand the effects of the "source position transformation" (SPT) as described in the 2018 Schneider & Sluse paper (available here: https://arxiv.org/abs/1306.4675). I do not ...
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Why is light affected by time dilations in space-time curvatures

My previous question on this site gave me an answer to what affects light - space warping or time warping. The answer is- both. But what now doesn't make sense to me is why light is affected by time ...
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Is light affected by space warping or time warping?

Gravity, according to the General Theory of Relativity, is simply the curvature of space-time. Objects in the universe move through space-time in geodesic paths. Also, the most interesting part is ...
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Visual simulation of gravitational lensing

Is there a way to generate an accurate visual computer simulation of gravitational lensing?
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Travel/peek back in time with gravitational lensing?

I wonder if it would be possible to peek directly in our past-self by using gravitational lensing in such a way where we could (would be able to) calculate/triangulate the exact path and point a very ...
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Gravitational lensing, indices of refraction and the size of the universe

Been pondering the following question for over 15 years now. Is it possible that the size of the universe has been over estimated due to the effects of gravitational lensing and boundary indices of ...
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How do we know the quantity of dark matter in the universe?

I have been reading on dark matter and it is given specific numbers of its quantity, i.e, ~27%, in the universe. How we come up with that number as we have no strong opinion what it is made of? We ...
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Gravitational waves interference lensing

Is it possible to detect gravitational waves interference pattern in space, using a telescopes alone or a telescope coupled by gravitational lensing?
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Gravitational lensing redshift around a Kerr black hole

Light from a source passes by a Kerr black hole on two sides at the equator and converges at the observer. The axis of rotation of the black hole is perpendicular to the direction of light. Two rays ...
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Could a black hole and a white hole cause gravitational waves, if orbiting one another?

I have been puzzled by an idea that I came across while reading about white holes. But I've only just started learning about white holes, so my knowledge is severely limited. It seems I also can't ...
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What does the image from Eddington on gravitational light bending really show?

There is a famous image that one often sees taken by Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse illustrating gravitational light bending as predicted by Einstein. Can someone explain what exactly is ...
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Eddington's Measurment and Dark Matter

On May 29th 1919 Eddington measured a shift in starlight that confirmed a General Relativity prediction. The results were duplicated two times, once by the Lick observatory and again by Yerkes ...
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Refraction of matter waves

My question is a bit messy, so here is the background: Normally the trajectory of a massive particle in the presence of a gravitational field is described in the context of general relativity. ...
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Gravitational Lensing: Up, Down or Sideways

I have been reading about Eddington and his measurement of 1.75 arc seconds in 1919. What I am wondering is why was the measurement lateral? I picture a beam of star light entering a curvature of ...
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Superradiant scattering in ergosphere?

In a black hole there is a region of space where only energy can escape, the ergosphere. I read superradiant scattering can allow lights to gain energy much like gravity assist, what is the different ...
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Propagation of gravitaional waves near black holes [duplicate]

As we know near black holes light gets strongly deflected. And if the gravity of the black hole is strong enough, the light can move in circles around the black hole. How the gravitational wave ...
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Flattening Electrodynamics in a curved space

It is possible, apparently, to describe gravitational lensing as if gravitational potential induces an effective refractive index change in the vacuum, and spacetime is flat. As pointed out by @...
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Gravitational potential, effective refractive index, and vacuum charge density

In an earlier question, I asked about how to explain gravitational lensing to a layman in terms of propagating wave fronts, in a way analogous to the way an optical lens can be explained: the ...
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How to explain gravitational lensing to a layman?

This question is about how to explain gravitational lensing to a layman, not about exact theoretical correctness. I am accustomed to explaining optical refraction in terms of wavefronts and the fact ...
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Can gravitational lensing also applied to gravitational wave?

We know light travels in a straight line but spacetime around an object with mass is curved, anyhow I'm wondering gravitational wave going at speed of light could also be bended by stars and probably ...
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Is gravitational lensing affected by dark energy?

Is gravitational lensing affected by dark energy? I mean, despite the effect if cause on the expanding Universe, could dark energy cause gravitational or anti-gravitational lensing?
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Does the Sun cause star to appear in the sky on two different positions?

So, I was reading A brief history of time and it was talking about the sun bending the light of a star causing it to appear on a different place from where it actually was located. I was wondering if ...
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Gravitational Lenses in External Shear Fields

I am reading Massimo Meneghetti's notes on gravitational lenses, available here: http://www.ita.uni-heidelberg.de/~massimo/sub/Lectures/gl_all.pdf On page 38 he begins discussing embedding a lens in ...
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Could you actually see the event horizon of a Black Hole?

For years I thought to myself that surely you'd be able to see the event horizon of a Black Hole when looking at it against the surrounding light. I thought that it would be similar to this: Where ...
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Does 'special relativity + newtonian gravity' predict gravitational bending of light?

It seems to me that special relativity (SR) already predicts that gravity will bend light rather than this effect being a proof of general relativity (GR). Photons have energy proportional to their ...
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Is it possible to see the Milky Way galaxy through a gravitational lens? [duplicate]

I have been thinking about these amazing images of ancient galaxies we can see because of gravitational lensing. Some of them even have multiple images of the same galaxy in two different places ...
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Convergence and shear in weak gravitational lensing

When we try to reconstruct the surface mass density distribution of a lens, we can do the following: Divide the picture into a grid, and for each "pixel" assign an effective distortion by finding $g$ ...
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Gravitational lensing of gravity

I have read these questions: Do gravitational lenses work on gravitational waves? Are gravitational waves effected by the curvature of space time (gravitational lensing)? And it made me curious. I ...
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Can the double slit experiment be answered with Einstein's gravitational lensing effect?

Since the original double slit experiment was done over 100 years ago, it probably wasn't done in a vacuum. I've noticed that the Einstein's lensing effect (or something similar) happens by looking ...
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Dark Matter and Gravity

If gravitational lensing implies that Dark Matter exerts gravity onto light then why are the stars and regular matter not clustering around Dark Matter?
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Doubts about gravitational lens magnification

A gravitational lens approximately follows a $1/r$-curve, meaning that rays closer to the lensing object get bent more than those away. My question is, wouldn't that shrink any image as opposed to ...
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What would the sky look like if the Sun was a black hole?

As a complement of this Phys.SE question. What kind of lensing and diffractions effects from space would be perceived on earth?
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Heuristic formula to compute geodesic deviation for rays close to a galaxy

I'm looking for a way to quickly estimate geodesic deviation of light rays passing close to a galaxy. For simplicity I'm assuming the geodesic is passing through the center of the galaxy and leaving ...
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Observing an event in the past?

I'm writing a Sci Fi novel and I'm trying to come up with a (fairly) realistic or at least vaguely plausible mechanism for this person's ability to exist and function. Hypothetically, would it be ...
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Is there evidence the great attractor isn't just gravitationally lensed gravity?

Is there any evidence that the great attractor isn't just gravitationally lensed gravity? It seems odd that it would be directly on the other side of the black hole at the center of our galaxy and ...
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Integrating a laplacian over $\mathbb{R}^2$ (related to gravitational lensing)

I am reading somebody's notes on gravitational lensing, and I come across the following: \begin{equation} \kappa = \frac{1}{2} \nabla^2_x \Psi \end{equation} \begin{equation} \Rightarrow \Psi ...
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Gravitational waves' path and interaction with black holes

As a gravitational wave propagates away from its source, how does its path get affected if a black hole is in its way? I was trying to picture it visually and here was my 'before' (with the line being ...
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Orbital mechanics of light

So with traditional orbit mechanics, an object coming in from outside a system will follow a hyperbolic path, and have greater speed when closer to the body. But my question is, how exactly does ...
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(How) does gravitational lensing affect red shift?

In all the measurements taken over the years, has anyone ever observed any effect of gravitational lensing on red shift? So: if we would look at 2 galaxies at, say, 250 million lightyears away, where ...
113 views

Gravitational Lensing equivalent refractive index vs. 9 more free variables in GR

Reading about gravitational lensing here and here, its seems that it can be explained well by assuming a refractive index created by a gravitional potential n(\vec{x}) = 1+2\frac{\phi(\vec{x})}{c^2}\$...
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Is matter - dark matter symmetry possible?

The gravitational lensing evidence suggests massive and relatively dense accumulations of dark matter in space. However, dark matter collapsing to dense regions is unlikely due to energy conservation. ...
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In gravitational lensing, if the source is infinitely far away how can we have an image on the same side of the lens?

In the standard picture of gravitational lensing, we have a picture like the one you can see as Figure 1 of this paper (I don't know if I can copy/paste it). In it, the source S and the observer O are ...
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Gravitational lenses and two slit experiment

When an image of a distant galaxy is split by a gravitational lens are the photons from the two images capable of displaying interference? This may not be possible in real conditions because of ...
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Do we have real photos of gravitational lensing or microlesnsing caused by black holes?

I have seen real photos of gravitational lensing caused by galaxies or Galaxy clusters and I have seen artistic photos of gravitational lensing caused by black holes. But I am not sure if I have ever ...
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Are black holes black or invisible? [duplicate]

This may be a really basic question with the simplest of answers, but as much sense as it makes to think that black holes are not, in fact, black but invisible - because light would be gravitationally ...
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A simple example and explanation of gravitational lensing

I've recently been looking into gravitational lensing for the purpose of creating interesting visual effects through cgi. However, the wikipedia page doesn't go into much detail about the mathematical ...
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Help to understand the derivatiopn of the solution of this equation

Please, help here people. Im reading this article Wave Optics in Gravitational Lensing (T. T. Nakamura, 1999) . In the article start work with \begin{equation} (\nabla ^2 +\omega)\tilde\phi = 4\...