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The figure shows a disk spinning with an angular velocity $\omega_z$. The disk is suspended from a long string.

I would like to know the following:

  • How does the disk respond to an impulse $J$?
  • What are the differential equations that describe this response?
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1 Answer 1

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Let us assume that hitting the disc doesn't cause any loss of energy due to friction. We can conserve angular momentum about the center: $$JR=I_x\omega_x$$ where $I_x=mR^2/4$ So our disc can be thought of as independently rotating about $z$ and $x$ axes. We can find the component of $\omega_x,\omega_z$ to get $\omega_{net}$ along which will be actual axes of rotation of our disc.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for your answer. Can one say that angular momentum is conserved? Does the angular momentum not change because of the impulse? $\endgroup$
    – wSmit
    Nov 22 at 7:45
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    $\begingroup$ @wSmit Indeed torque is acted by impulse, but after the impulse is acted, there is no torque. After that, we can conserve the angular momentum $\endgroup$ Nov 22 at 7:50

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