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I was studying surface tension the other day and this thought came to my mind.

What would happen if say a liquid like mercury which has higher cohesive forces than adhesive ones(hence the convex meniscus) and another like water, which has higher adhesive forces than cohesive ones (hence the concave meniscus) were mixed together in a container? Would the resulting solution have higher cohesive forces or adhesive forces?

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  • $\begingroup$ If you shake a bottle containing water & mercury, they separate very quickly after you stop shaking. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jun 26 at 13:24
  • $\begingroup$ Are you thinking the mercury will dissolve into the water? $\endgroup$ – BioPhysicist Jun 26 at 13:27
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    $\begingroup$ Are you asking "What would happen if you mixed mercury and water", or "What would the properties of the homogeneous mixture between two liquids be"? $\endgroup$ – Hyrum Taylor Jun 26 at 13:39
  • $\begingroup$ I meant take 2 liquids that are miscible but one has greater adhesive force while the other has greater cohesive force $\endgroup$ – Koustubh Jain Jun 26 at 14:02
  • $\begingroup$ And i am thinking about the properties of a homogeneous mixture of 2 miscible liquids $\endgroup$ – Koustubh Jain Jun 26 at 14:03
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they will mot mix together, but will separate into two separate phases. In this case, all the mercury globules will draw themselves together into one big glob. There will be a tiny amount of mercury dissolved into the water surrounding that glob (that's one phase) and a tiny amount of water dissolved into the mercury (that's the other phase).

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They won't mix together.They have different densities.

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    $\begingroup$ I don't know the answer, but "different densities" probably is not the reason why two different liquids fail to form a solution or an emulsion. $\endgroup$ – Solomon Slow Jun 26 at 13:51
  • $\begingroup$ @SolomonSlow the op clearly states that two liquid forming a solution and as far as i know two different liquids with different densities cant form a solution. Please correct me if i am wrong. $\endgroup$ – Binod Jun 26 at 13:55
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    $\begingroup$ ...And I don't know why density would matter. Density is a bulk property. A solution is homogeneous at the molecular level, and molecules don't have "density." But I am not an expert. Mostly just an armchair observer here. $\endgroup$ – Solomon Slow Jun 26 at 14:02
  • $\begingroup$ All my rep is from answering newbie questions. It's a different skill from knowing how to do physics. $\endgroup$ – Solomon Slow Jun 26 at 15:19
  • $\begingroup$ Olive oil and vinegar have almost identical densities, yet separate after shaking immediately. Density is NOT the driving force here. $\endgroup$ – Gert Jun 26 at 15:35

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