On the truly massive designs like the O'Neill Island 3, we're going to want an elevator for hauling both people and freight from axis to rim and back. If I understand it correctly, as you ascend, you'll feel a sideways force pushing you... spinward, I think? Because as you get nearer to the axis, your angular velocity is slowing. And if you take the elevator down, you'll feel the opposite, because your angular velocity is increasing.
You only experience the acceleration if you're moving up or down; as the elevator slows down, the sideways force will decrease, and if you stop along the way, it'll cease as well. And I think the amount of acceleration you experience is related somehow to the velocity of the elevator, right?
I'm interested in the scale of this effect: what's it actually like to go up or down in an elevator on one of these contraptions? How do I figure the acceleration?
So inside our Island 3 cylinder with a radius of 3.2km and an angular velocity of 0.52rpm, let's say we've hired the engineers from the Shanghai Tower to build ourselves an express elevator that tops out at 18 m/s (~40 mph) for a 6-7 minute trip from rim to axis or vice versa. (We'll assume good pressure control so we don't blow out anybody's eardrums on the way down.) Once the lift is up to speed (at 1.5m/s^2, 12 seconds or so), what sort of sideways acceleration will a passenger on the elevator experience, and what would that feel like?