Questions tagged [centripetal-force]

any force responsible for maintaining an object on a curved path around a fixed center. In introductory coursework this is usually "uniform circular motion" and yields several simple and useful relations. Not to be confused with the centrifugal pseudo-force experienced in an accelerated referenced frame.

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The reason behind circular motion of vehicles

In all the textbooks and internet resources that I've ever read , most of them explains role if friction in circular motion of an object (let's says a cycle), from the frame of the cyclist i.e. with ...
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The effect of tension force on a pendulum swinging in simple harmonic motion

In physics class, I learned that the reason a pendulum moves about the equilibrium position is due to the force acting towards the center, which is the resultant force of tension and weight. However,...
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Why does the friction act on the inward direction when a car makes a turn on a level road?

I tried looking this question up online but am left a little confused with all the answers, and the diagrams. When a tire of a car negotiates a turn in the road, there exists friction which is ...
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What is the reason behind water not falling from a bucket at the top of loop?

A bucket is rotating in a uniform circular motion. When the bucket is at the topmost point in the loop, the water does not fall. At this point both the tension and gravitational force is acting on the ...
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When a ball on a rope swings in a circle, is there both centripetal force and tension force?

I'm learning about centripetal force and I was shown a scenario where a man was spinning a rope attached to a ball over his head. There's a centripetal acceleration toward the center and therefore a ...
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Uniform Circular Motion vs Change in speed of $x$ & $y$ Components

If you are moving at a set rotational speed the x,y components are constantly accelerating and decelerating (aka simple harmonic motion), this is obvious in order to travel in a circular path. My ...
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Rotation of a disk - should there be a centripetal force?

See the diagram. The tension in the inextensible string should exert a torque causing a tangential acceleration on the rim of the disk. But should there always be a force towards the centre of the ...
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Tension in a ring rotating about its own axis

A ring of mass m and radius R is placed on a smooth horizontal table and is set rotating about its own axis in such a way that each part of the ring moves with a speed v. What is the tension in the ...
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How is angular momentum conserved for the orbiting body if the centripetal force disappears? [duplicate]

When the centripetal force on an orbiting body disappears (e.g. if it the body is a ball and the force was exerted by a string and the string rips, or, more unrealistically, if the body is the earth ...
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Is the velocity of a string that is being rotated around a central point the same at any point on the string?

Say that you have a weight attached to a 2 metre long string, and you are rotating the weight at 5 m/s. Is every point on the string going to be rotating at that same velocity of 5 m/s, or is the ...
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Why do the inner tyres of a vehicle rise when taking a turn at high speeds?

When a person cycles at high speed on a turn, his body bends inwards, to raise the horizontal component of the normal reaction to provide the centripetal force for the turn. The more the speed is, ...
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Centrifugal force and centripetal force in fixed coordinate frame

Hello I have a question related to centrifgual force. So in basic textbooks the movement of a particle in a rotating coordinate frame is derived. A starting point is to consider a fixed and a rotating ...
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How is linear momentum conserved in circular motion?

Consider a system of two charged particles ($+\text{ve}$ and $-\text{ve}$). Let's assume that the negatively charged particle revolves around the positively charged particle due to the force of ...
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Forces in washing machine

I have two front-loaded washing machines, when I wash shoes, in one of them the shoes seem to stick to the walls while it's spinning, but in the other I can hear them falling down now and then. What ...
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Why a coin feels a force when it is put on a rotating horizontal disc

Suppose we have a disc which is placed in horizontal plane and have radius R. Disc is rotating and rotation axis is passing through center of disc and in vertical plane . Now we place a coin a on disc ...
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What causes the mass connected to the end of a pendulum to speed up when its pivot is moved?

Consider a pendulum with a massless and unstretchable string connected to mass M on one end, and to a moveable pivot on the other end. We assume this is on Earth, so gravity acts on the mass. We also ...
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How exactly does artificial gravity work?

A spaceship which uses centripetal rotation to create artificial gravity. Must it always be accelerating? (The rate of rotation for it to work?) If no, and even if yes, if one were to place ...
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Find the resultant force in a motion problem with a loop

In the approximate diagram, the block with mass $m$ starts without movement in the position $P$ in the top of a hill with height $5R$. After that, the block falls down through the hill, and reaches a ...
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Normalize accelerometer data based on non-central location

I am trying to "normalize" accelerometer data for a sensor that is not centered on a car. In the image below, you can see how centripetal force changes based on location. In my case, I only have one ...
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Does acceleration of the rim mean just tangential or both tangential and centripetal acceleration?

On my physics homework, the problem specifies that the acceleration of the rim of a flywheel can't exceed 100g. Does this mean that the tangential acceleration only, or the sum of the tangential and ...
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In the case of a ball swinging in circular motion on a rope, w/out gravity or air resistance, what is the force pulling outward on the rope? [duplicate]

I'm thinking it is either the tension due to the ball, or the ball's centrifugal force. But the thing is, are these two forces the same in the conditions I've set (no gravity, no air resistance)? ...
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Torque Required To Make Object Circle

Say an object is going a constant velocity in the direction of A-B, with respect to its orientation. I'm wondering how you calculate the torque required to always keep point B at the edge of the ...
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A circular motion problem [closed]

A car goes on a horizontal circular road of radius $R$, the speed increasing at a constant rate $\frac{dv}{dt}=a(constant)$. The friction coefficient of the tyre is $\mu$. Find the speed at which the ...
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Centripetal Force Static Friction

I understand that when a car is turning, it is using static friction to do so. The wheel is turned where the perpendicular component of the wheel is opposing the direction of motion, creating a force ...
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When calculating centripetal force, do we ignore non-radial or tangential forces

Suppose an object moving in circular motion in the vertical plane (ie such that gravity points directly downwards) around a central point attached by a string; the object is constantly accelerating as ...
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How is normal force in circular motion?

Let's say I have a vertical ring and a bead is sliding on it. I understand normal force is always acting radially and that in general the radial component of weight is not equal to the normal force....
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Why is the normal reaction zero in this question?

A skier rolling down a frictionless hill where she should fly off tangentially and lose contact with ground. In answer of this question, solution states that $mg\cos x = mv^2 / R$ at that point (to ...
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Circular motion of a ball suspended from the rim of a rotating table [closed]

Susppose there is a ball with radius $r$ suspended to the rim of a circular spinning table with radius $R$ by a string with length $l$ which makes an incline angle $\theta$ with the vertical axis. If ...
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Object on a banked curve

If an object is to move on a frictionless banked curve without skidding outwards or inwards, the object is provided centripetal force to maintain it in a circular track by the component of the normal ...
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Why is the centripetal net force always to the center?

I recently came across this diagram in my physics textbook I got a bit confused by this diagram. I thought that the reason why the object accelerates towards the center is because of a net force, not ...
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Elliptical path followed by a charged particle

I was solving some problems in which a charge Q(+ve) was kept fixed and another charge q(-ve) was given a velocity at an angle say $\theta$ with the line joining the two particles. Distance between ...
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Where does the centripetal force come from? How to calculate?

When a bucket filled with water rotates, the water surface will be parabolic( I mean the water is rotating and the water surface is parabolic). Where does the centripetal force of a particle of water ...
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How to calculate velocity of an object at the bottom of a circular hill if there is an energy loss due to friction?

Object slides down a circular hill and loses some of its initial mechanical energy due to friction. As an object slides down, friction increases and force in direction of motion decreases until the ...
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why a car with very high speed topples away from the center of turning when it is cornering? [duplicate]

If a car is turning to the right with very high speed, why the car will topple to the left and cause an accident?
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What happens when the centripetal force is equal and opposite to the centrifugal force? [duplicate]

We say that centrifugal force is fictitious, yet we still use it in some problems. If the centrifugal force is equal and opposite to the centripetal force wouldn't that make the net force zero?
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When does magnetic force act as a centripetal force and when doesn't it? [closed]

As the title says, when does magnetic force satisfy $a=v^2/r$? Is it only when the angle between $\vec{B}$ and $\vec{v}$ is $90^{\circ}$? What happens if there's another force acting on the charge? (...
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How the centripetal forces work on a point in a rigid body? [closed]

I know it was a question but when I asked last time I did not know the answer. It has been suggested that the question is not clear, it's badly written. Now I know the answer and I can introduce them ...
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Can i use gravity to represent gravitational force?

Deduction for gravity: (in both deduction, m is consider to be a point mass) deduction 1: On the surface of the earth, gravitational force FG can be separate to two force component : mg(gravity) and ...
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Centripetal acceleration of Centre of mass of rolling body

Does the centre of mass of body rolling on a stationary floor experience centripetal acceleration downwards towards the IAOR (instantaneous axis of rotation) which here is the point of contact of body ...
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Centripetal Force Formula Confusion

After I finished studying and trying to test my knowledge to see what I have learned, I realized I am confused about the centripetal force formula: $$F_c= \frac{mv²}{R}$$ which I know is also equal to ...
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Centripetal force related problem [closed]

If a bike rider constantly keeps rotating on a vertical circular path, what is the required minimum velocity on the highest point of the circle to keep him on the circular path without falling?
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Is gravitational force different from centripetal force in projectile motion?

This has always confused me, in a projectile motion, like a cannon shooting an object, the only force acting on the body is gravitational force, which is facing downwards or more precisely, ...
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Airplane executing horizontal loop

The Problem: An aircraft executes a horizontal loop at a speed of $720$ kmph (or $200$ m/s) with its wings banked at an angle of $15^{\circ}$. What is the radius of the loop. My Confusion: Unlike ...
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Is Khan Academy wrong on centripetal force calculation?

In a Khan Academy video about centripetal force calculations: here, the presenter explains If a force doesn't point radially inwards or outwards you don't include it in the calculation I ...
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Satellite Motion centripetal force

Once I read in a book that the centripetal force that keeps the satellite in its circular orbit around the Earth is approximately equal to its weight. My question is why the word "approximately" was ...
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On the nature of the force $F = \frac{mv^2}{r}$

Suppose while solving some equation, I got $$F = \frac{mv^2}{r}.$$ Is it necessary that it is always the centripetal force with the particle undergoing circular motion? Can this force be specifying ...
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Centripetal Acceleration as a Cross Product

Is it fine to express the centripetal acceleration as a cross product? a=v X w (where a is centripetal acceleration, v is magnitude of velocity, w is angular velocity) And is it v X w or w X v? ...
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How is the normal force on a banked track larger than gravity?

The formula of the vertical force of an object that is not accelerating up or down on a banked curve is: Ncos(θ) = mg There is also a centripetal force component which shows that the normal force is ...
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What's the Earth's linear acceleration component around the Sun?

The earth's centripetal acceleration around the Sun is $0.006m/s^2$ does this mean one can say the earth's acceleration when it travels(revolves) at $670,000mph$ is simply equal to its centripetal ...
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Is the acceleration of a rotating body always it's centripetal component? [closed]

For constant circular motion where a rotating mass accelerates angularly. Would the linear acceleration of the rotating mass always be equal to its centripetal acceleration e.g. The earth's ...