What is the proof of Pascal's law? And what does it exactly mean? I know that it states that the pressure is transmitted equally to every point in fluid. Let's take a point in the left beaker at depth h from the piston. So does it have a pressure of P(atm) + P + rhogh? (P(atm)= atmospheric pressure). If so, then that pressure must be same throughout the horizontal line at h. So if the piston in right beaker is at height h' from that horizontal line, does that imply P(atm) + P + rhogh= P(atm) + P+ rhogh'? h=h'? So what does it really mean to be transmitted to all points? Does it mean that pressure at every point will increase by P than original value?
Why is pressure even rhogh at depth h? My understanding is that pressure in fluid is really just the normal force the layer applies on upper layers as in the table applies on a book and the book applies the pressure back on table. So if it is a uniform cylinder then it makes sense that the weight above the layer at h must be rhoghA and the pressure rhog*h. What about when shape changes? Why is pressure same at all points at a depth? Then the weight above layer isn't equal to what mentioned above. It just doesnt make sense no matter how many answers I read here or on other sites.
Proof for archimedes principle is simple enough if it is a cylinder or cuboid by taking pressure difference at top and bottom. What about irregular shapes?
When a container accelerates on an incline with acceleration other than g*sin(theta) where theta is the angle of inclined plane, why is the water surface slanted? Can you explain with an FBD?
Please don't close this question. I know it's a bit too basic but I have tried to understand these answers for hours and I can't find a satisfying explanation elsewhere.