In this nice answer I started to learn about how the silicon photovoltaics cells on the International Space Station are managed. In that case, the cells are generally either delivering useful power to the station, or shunted to a dummy load. However, some satellites may leave some fraction of their photovoltaics open circuit if there is low power demand. In that case, the electron-hole pairs produced by sunlight are left to recombine within the junction itself.
Does this mean that photovoltaic cells made from III-V compounds with direct band gaps would produce measurable amounts of photoluminesence under solar illumination, at a wavelength roughly corresponding to the local band gap - there might be heterostructures so the wavelength may not correspond to bulk material band gap.
InP (in the past), InGaAs and GaAs based semiconductor junctions are often used. Many high power telecommunications satellites in geostationary orbits use multi-junction cells that are made from GaAs based semiconductor materials. If I pointed a (near IR capable) telescope at one (for example using this clever technique), and used a filter, could I detect this luminescence?
A lot of exotic processes in devices that include semiconductor junctions can make tiny amounts of light - I'm interested in the main, strong radiative recombination in direct band gap materials with quantum efficiencies of say 1% or greater. Thus the "glow" in the title.