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enter image description hereWhat is basically an electron blocking layer and a hole blocking layer in contrast to an electron transport layer or a hole transport layer? In terms of the bandgap, I think if the case is one of a staggered heterojunction with the material right of the junction having a lower conduction band edge, then the material on the left becomes electron blocking and hole transport layer while the material on the right becomes electron conducting and hole blocking layer. Am I correct or am I messing it up? In my diagram, if I am creating excitons in the material2 region, then I would assume material1 to be the electron blocking region and hole conduction region while material 3 would be the hole blocking region and electron transport region simultaneously. Is that the case?

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  • $\begingroup$ A drawing would, not surprisingly, help a great deal. While the structure you are thinking of is clear to you, it does not come across clearly in just words. And, for heterojunctions you may need to specify both band offsets - you can have an electron blocking layer that is not a hole transport layer. But, beyond even this, these terms are applied in the context of a device structure, so are not uniquely defined. $\endgroup$
    – Jon Custer
    Commented Mar 3, 2016 at 14:54
  • $\begingroup$ @Jon Custer: Done editing the question. $\endgroup$
    – Ghosal_C
    Commented Mar 3, 2016 at 17:33

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If you are taking about p and n junction diode. In this section p type has electron deficient and it has positive charges and n type have negative charges. When you joint p and n type material than process of neutralization starts between holes from p type and electron from n type material. Positive charges from p type and negative charges from n type comes near to each other to become neutralized but they could not do so. And block further neutralization process of electron and holes. This is the depletion region or potential barrier of Diode. Hope it will help you.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for your reply but I 'm talking more about heterostructures than pn junctions. $\endgroup$
    – Ghosal_C
    Commented Mar 3, 2016 at 17:34
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Yes, the description is right. In a photovoltaic cell, where the terms Hole Transport Layer (HTL) and Electron Transport Layer (ETL) are often found, material2 would be the absorbing layer, material1 would be the HTL where holes are collected (but electrons blocked), and material3 would be the ETL where electrons are collected (but holes stopped).

However, the drawing is not correct: it looks like there is a fourth unnecessary material between material1 and material2 with the conduction band of the first and the valence band of the third.

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