I'm in the process of learning how transistors works, which starts with understanding how doping is used to create n-type and p-type semiconductor materials.
All the resources I read sort of explain this the same way, and I'm missing something. P-type semiconductors have extra holes and are predisposed to accept electrons, whereas n-type semiconductors have extra free electrons and are predisposed to donate them. This is the fundamental principle of how transistors work.
But every resource emphasizes that in spite of this both n-type and p-type semiconductors are electrically neutral, which is where I'm lost.
If one has extra electrons, and one is missing electrons, how are they electrically neutral and not charged? I seem to have a block about this or something, I just don't get it.
This whole diffusion process is just really confusing.