Basically in almost every semiconductor texts, there will be all these concepts concerning electrons, holes, dopants, fermi-levels.
However, I have been always confused about the picture of hole transport in semiconductor device, say, a simple PN junction.
With a specific acceptor level and dopant concentration, we have some "holes" in the valence bands, which are in fact the absence of some electrons having gone to the acceptor levels, then all theses books seem to assume in the valence bands of the p-type region, there will be only holes that conduct current?
aren't there still many electrons in the valence band? though they have some negative effective masses, but still do contribute to the transport?
under a certain external force(say,E), the electron and holes in the valence band are moving in the same directions since electrons have negative effective mass and holes have positive one, so the corresponding currents cancel with each other in a P-type semiconductor?