The Wikipedia says about water:
Water also differs from most liquids in that it becomes less dense as it freezes.
The details of the exact chemical nature of liquid water are not well understood; some theories suggest that the unusual behavior of water is due to the existence of 2 liquid states
The fact that a substance becomes less dense when it freezes is kind of self-contradictory to me. I mean when a liquid is becoming a solid then by default its molecules must be gathered together at a higher-level density, thus, making the substance denser and harder.
I don't quite get it how one thing can be harder and yet less dense at the same time.
Can my confusion here be easily explained in simple words or is it one of those things that are "not well understood"?