In one of the most common examples of Lenz's Law a magnet is dropped inside a copper tube and due the induced EMF and the eddy currents generated in the copper tube the magnet falls through it with constant velocity. The external force that the eddy currents oppose is obviously the acceleration due to gravity. So, the tube acts like a brake.
I have a simple doubt:
- If the magnet falls through with a constant initial velocity $v_0$ (with no external force i.e. no acceleration due to gravity present) would it still fall slowly due to eddy currents? And I assume the answer to it is again yes since any motion should generate an eddy current. But, how would the output velocity change when the magnet emerges from the other end of the tube?