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I am not able to derive Eq. 21 of this paper

F. Zahariev, S. S. Leang, and Mark S. Gordon, "Functional derivatives of meta-generalized gradient approximation (meta-GGA) type exchange-correlation density functionals", The Journal of Chemical Physics 138, 244108 (2013); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4811270

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/245026289_Functional_derivatives_of_meta-generalized_gradient_approximation_meta-GGA_type_exchange-correlation_density_functionals.

I attached herewith the steps of my derivation which I have tried. Can you please help me to derive that equation? Looking forward to your kind reply.

$$\tau({\bf r}') = \frac{1}{2}\sum_i|\nabla\psi_i({\bf r'})|^2 =\frac{1}{2}\sum_i \int |\nabla\psi_i({\bf r'})|^2 \delta^3({\bf r}-{\bf r}')d{\bf r}',\tag{2} $$ \begin{equation} \begin{split} \frac{\delta \tau({\bf r}')}{\delta \psi_i({\bf r})}&= - \nabla\cdot\frac{\partial}{\partial (\nabla\psi_i({\bf r}))}\Big(\frac{1}{2}|\nabla\psi_i({\bf r'})|^2 \delta^3({\bf r} - {\bf r}')\Big)\\ &= -\nabla \cdot (\nabla\psi_i({\bf r})\delta^3({\bf r} - {\bf r}'))\\ &= - \nabla\psi_i({\bf r})\cdot\nabla\delta^3({\bf r}-{\bf r}') - \nabla^2\psi_i({\bf r})\delta^3({\bf r}-{\bf r}'). \end{split} \end{equation}

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TL;DR: The published eq. (21) does not seem correct because of a factor of 2 and carelessness of whether the argument is primed or unprimed.

Hints: Use that $$\frac{\delta \psi_j({\bf r}^{\prime})}{\delta \psi_i({\bf r})}~=~\delta^i_j ~\delta^3({\bf r}^{\prime}\!-\!{\bf r}),$$

so that

$$\begin{align} \frac{\delta \tau({\bf r}^{\prime})}{\delta \psi_i({\bf r})} ~=~&\sum_j\nabla^{\prime} \psi_j({\bf r}^{\prime})\cdot \nabla^{\prime}\frac{\delta \psi_j({\bf r}^{\prime})}{\delta \psi_i({\bf r})}\cr ~=~&\nabla^{\prime} \psi_i({\bf r}^{\prime})\cdot \nabla^{\prime}\delta^3({\bf r}^{\prime}\!-\!{\bf r})\cr ~=~&-\nabla^{\prime} \psi_i({\bf r}^{\prime})\cdot \nabla\delta^3({\bf r}\!-\!{\bf r}^{\prime})\cr ~=~&\ldots\cr ~=~&-\nabla \psi_i({\bf r})\cdot \nabla\delta^3({\bf r}\!-\!{\bf r}^{\prime}) -\delta^3({\bf r}\!-\!{\bf r}^{\prime})~\nabla^2 \psi_i({\bf r}) . \end{align}$$

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Your question is rather specialized for stackexchange (IMHO) although it's not impossible that some expert may be able to answer it definitively. I am not that person. However, I can say that your derivation seems fine to me, and that eqns (128) and (129) of Int J Quant Chem, 116, 1641 (2016) by Della Sala et al (Open Access) are identical with your equations. And I can't see an easy way to transform your result into equation (21) of the paper you cite. So, a possible answer is that they made a slip there. But this doesn't exclude someone coming along and showing that the results are equivalent.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you very much, Sir. The reference you have provided was very helpful in deriving the expression for the exchange-correlation potential for meta-GGA functional. $\endgroup$ – Bikash Patra Aug 16 '18 at 4:54

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