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This is waaaay late, but I've been examining the question of how to maximise magnetic field for the amount of magnetic material used and I had the following findings. So far I've been examining arrays where one side is used, similar to the one for your production line. First a femm model of pair of N40 neodymium magnet poles in air for a baseline. The ...


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It would be double counting, since total phase rotations of the quark wave function are already part of the model and the photon that makes them into a gauge symmetry already exists. The total gauge group is SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1), so the question "where has the U(1) gone" has as its answer that it already was included. In a gauge theory you can only ...


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