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# Questions tagged [voltage]

Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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163k views

### Why do we use Root Mean Square (RMS) values when talking about AC voltage

What makes it a good idea to use RMS rather than peak values of current and voltage when we talk about or compute with AC signals.
98k views

### What causes an electric shock - Current or Voltage?

Though voltage and current are two interdependent physical quantity, I would like to know what gives more "shock" to a person - Voltage or Current? In simple words, will it cause more "electric - ...
114k views

### Why do birds sitting on electric wires not get shocked?

When we touch electric wires, we get shocked. Why don't birds sitting on electric wires not get shocked?
236 views

### High Voltage Powerlines - clarification of energy loss

I've been having a bit of trouble understanding the High-Voltage powerlines. If I was sending power from $A \rightarrow B$, we have: Ohm's law $V = IR$ Power lost in the form of heat $P = I^2 R$ ...
7k views

7k views

### Why doesn't an electron accelerate in a circuit?

Why don't electrons accelerate when a voltage is applied between two points in in a circuit? All the textbooks I've referred conveyed the meaning that when an electron traveled from negative potential ...
1k views

### Why isn't there a potential difference across a disconnected diode?

I know this question sounds silly, as if there was a potential difference a current would be created when the terminals are connected together and this would mean energy has come from somewhere. The ...
5k views

### What is the physical meaning of electric potential, potential difference, and voltage?

When resembling the electricity flow through a wire to people walking through a street: electrons are people, current is the number of people, resistance is the barriers on the way. But what is the ...
3k views

### If we connect a long wire to a battery, will battery produce more electrons?

I actually have three related questions: An open circuit chemical cell separates charges creating a surplus of electrons on its negative terminus and a shortage of electrons on its positive terminus. ...
4k views

### Transformers: relation between their current, voltage and resistance

My current understanding Transformers are used to step up and down voltage keeping power constant. Hence, for example, if I step up some voltage, the current will decrease in the secondary circuit. ...
714 views

### Kirchhoff's Voltage Law in a General Electromagnetic Field

Recently, Prof. Walter Lewin and YouTuber ElectroBOOM started a discussion about KVL, after Dr. Lewin claimed that KVL did not hold in the presence of an magneto-dynamic field. I would argue that Dr. ...
605 views

### Charging by induction

When we charge an conductor by induction and grounding, we first bring a negative charge to the conductor. As a result the mobile electrons of the conductor get repelled and stay far from the negative ...
141 views

### How does resistance *really* work? (DC, battery, LED, atoms, electrons)

Backstory: I’m a software engineer just getting into electronics and it seems that everything I’ve ever been told about electricity my whole life is a candy-coated lie. I can’t find consistent logical ...
134 views

### Why does inductor current lag the applied voltage at its terminal by 90 degrees?

I studied electromagnetism and I am currently working with Inductors. I could not figure out the physical reason based on electromagnetics on why inductor current lags the applied voltage by 90 ...
24k views

### Why does the area of the plates affect the capacitance?

Why does the area of the plates affect the capacitance? Lets say I have a parallel plate capacitor with a charge of 10C and a potential difference of 5V. By the definition $C=Q/V$, the capacitance is ...
3k views

### How is potential difference maintained in a battery?

I am beginning of learn electricity so sorry if my questions are confusing or does not make sense. My question is specifically about how voltage (which I guess is due to separation of uneven charges) ...
1k views

### Why is 2-terminal sensing less accurate than 4-terminal sensing if the internal resistance of leads is known?

I have a pretty good understanding of 2-terminal vs. 4-terminal (kelvin) sensing measurements. I understand that in the 4-terminal measurement, current is supplied by 2 terminals that are separate ...
2k views

### Is it safe to apply Kirchhoff's voltage law to a closed loop containing an inductance with unsteady current?

Is it safe to apply Kirchhoff's voltage law to a closed loop containing an inductance with unsteady current? If I have a circuit that is just a battery in series with a resistor and an inductor, can I ...
6k views

### Batteries in series vs parallel

As fa as I understand it, two identicle batteries in parallel will give double the amperage than just one battery and two batteries in series will give double the voltage. If my understanding is ...
811 views

### Meaning of a battery being 2.5 V

So this is a question with which I have been stuck for a while and it all revolves around the concept of volt. I have posted a LOT of questions on physics forums while trying to understand the ...
530 views

### What is voltage?

I am a little unclear on what voltage actually is and I am trying to find out what the physical cause for voltage is. Is it the speed of the electrons through the conductor or is it an excess of ...
107 views

### $V = V_1 + V_2$ confusion? Why is my “proof ”incorrect? [closed]

Why isn't $V= V_1 + V_2$? $V=V_a - V_c = V_a - V_b + V_b - V_c$, $V_a - V_b= V_1$ and $V_b - V_c = V_2$ Doesn't that prove that $V = V_1 + V_2$? Regardless of $V_3$, If i'm wrong , is there a way to ...
3k views

### Why must identical lightbulbs in series have identical voltage drops?

When I connect two identical lightbulbs in series, how come they have equal brightness? Why can't one lightbulb have a larger voltage drop than the other? (i.e. the first lightbulb "uses up all the ...
231 views

### Electric Field Topology in a Wire - Exact Duplicate [closed]

1. How is the electric field set up in a wire by a battery so that we can assume that potential at a node is constant? 2. What happens to the electric field across a resistance which makes voltage '...