Questions tagged [voltage]

Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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Zener diode as a voltage regulator [on hold]

I tried to solve the following exam problem. The problem asks to find a range of load resistor values for which the circuit can be used as a voltage regulator satisfactorily. My question is; What '...
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Common potential in Capacitors

If two isolated charged capacitors (of different capacitance) are connected in parallel to each other they acquire a common potential. But suppose if i connect positive plate of one capacitor to ...
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How do I calculate the total resistance of this circuit? [on hold]

How do I calculate the total resistance of this circuit? From the data from a site it can be calculated that the total resistance is $\frac{12\ V}{5.14\ A}$ which is $2.33\space \Omega$. But I don't ...
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Soft X-rays and Hard X-rays

How to know how much of kilovolts are in soft X-rays, and in hard X-rays? (Ex: 80kV is in soft X-rays or hard X-rays?
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Calculate the power supplied by voltage source [on hold]

Hi for this question (sorry about the picture), if the current source ($2A$) receives $20 W$ of Power, determine the $R$ of the resistor and the power of the voltage source. I sort of know I have to ...
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How can the electric potential be zero at a point where the electric field isn't, if that field can give a test charge kinetic energy?

Say we have 2 charges set up like above. Why is $V_3=0$ ? I can understand mathematically that the scalars fields cancel out, but I don't understand it physically. If I place a positive charge in ...
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Are my voltmeter readings expected for a correct chua's circuit?

I am following this article Robust OP Amp Realization of Chua's Circuit by Kennedy to implement a Chua's circuit. I use exactly the same design as the article; the only difference is that I use a 15mH ...
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Difference between Capacitor and a battery [duplicate]

Capacitor stores electric charge and battery also stores electric charge. SO whats the difference between them?
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59 views

Why voltage is same across parallel resistance?

Since voltage stands for energy per unit charge to be used to carry it from one point to another,why should energy per unit charge be same for two resistors of different resistances,?the energy ...
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Electric potential and drift speed of electrons through circuit

What I have since learned: (Tell me If I am wrong) In circuits ,Batteries provide electric potential difference (voltage) ,This difference creates electric field (Over the conductor or the wire) ...
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1answer
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Potential - When and when not to use infinity as a reference point?

I'm reading Griffiths' Electrodynamics and having a bit of a problem to understand when we can use infinity as a reference point and when it cannot be used. One question asked to calculate the ...
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Is this explanation of Voltage Drop correct?

As a general outline of what happens when the battery is turned on, here is what happens: When the battery is turned on, a wave propagates within the circuit to determine the current of the sytem.At ...
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In a circuit having one resistor why do the electrons lose all their potential energy across that resistor and not do so if there are many resistors

In a simple circuit which consists of a battery and one resistor, why do electrons lose all their potential energy across this one resistor regardless of the magnitude of the voltage or the resistance?...
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What is the fundamental reason behind electric potential decreasing in the direction of increasing electric field? Is there any exception to this?

Does this increase and decrease necessarily have to be linear in nature? I have seen this statement being thrown around which states that in direction of increasing electric field the potential ...
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1answer
43 views

How does the battery do work on the electron although the speed of electrons is constant

In a simple circuit how does the battery do work on the electrons of the wire although their speed is constant . Imagine I want to take a body which has 5 Newtons weight from the ground to 10 meters ...
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1answer
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How is the rate of current change in an inductor present in a circuit maintained / decreased?

Considering an ideal circuit of DC voltage source and an inductor connected together with a switch in between them. When the switch is closed at t=0 the current starts increasing which causes induced ...
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How do resistors generate different heat if we make the current fixed and changed the voltage and resistance? Notice the flow of charge is constant

Consider having a circuit which consists of a battery and one resistor. $V = 10$ volts, $R = 5$ ohms, so $I = 2$ Amperes, and $P = 20$ watts. If we double the voltage and resistance, the current ...
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anodized insulation and its use as dielectric [closed]

I've done anodizing before, but I had some questions regarding the anodized insulation and its use as dielectric. For example, if I want to tolerate a 1000 volt electrical failure do I have to do ...
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1answer
57 views

Confusion on negative charges, current, and direction

My text book seems to have two contradictory statements about the same subject. Under the electrical potential and capacitance chapter, it says that negative charges move from lower to higher ...
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1answer
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What is electric field vector? [closed]

What is electric field vector? How to find out the Electric Field vector at a point on a equipotential surface. Please explain by giving an example.
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102 views

Which type of conductors don't follow Ohm's law? [closed]

Which type of conductors don't follow Ohm's law? I know that semiconductors and superconductors don't follow them, but why? And what about ideal conductors. What are they? Do they follow ohm's law? ...
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Why RMS for average voltage in AC current? [duplicate]

We write rms formula as $$v_{rms}=\sqrt\frac{\int_a^b[f(x)]^2dx}{|b-a|}$$ I know if we take arithmetic mean average voltage will be 0. So we want all voltage values to be positive. Why don't we do ...
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What does direction of EMF mean?

In faraday's law it mention's direction of EMF( like in closed loopit is clockwise or anticlockwise depending on direction of motion of magnet) but defination of EMF is roughly Potential diffrence ...
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Is Ohm's Law Valid for AC Circuits?

Specifically, let us talk about a circuit containing only an AC source and a capacitor. In this case, the current is 0 at the instant the source voltage is maximum. Same is the case when the circuit ...
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1answer
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How to calculate the voltage of a DC motor?

I have a DC motor. But I don't know its voltage. If I connect with a 3.2V battery, then the motor rotates. Can I find the voltage of the motor from the rpm of the motor?
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Will high voltage but low current glow a bulb?

Suppose I increase the voltage supplied to a building from a constant power source substantially by putting a transformer. Doing this would reduce the current substantially as well. So will the ...
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1answer
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Electric potential / infinity is not the 0 reference

Let's say we have a charged sphere with radius $r$. Usually, the way we define its potential is $V = kQ/r$. In this way, we have defined its potential with infinity as the zero reference point. Let's ...
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Resistors equivalent using symmetry and equipotential line

I propose the following statement: In a circuit, while determining equivalent resistance across two points, if the circuit is symmetric wrt the line joining the two points , we may fold the circuit ...
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Electric Potential in the Center of a Electric Dipole

I thought the electric potential at point B would be positive because placing a positive charge at point B would cause it to move releasing energy while doing so. The answer key states that the ...
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Velocity Selector Question with Unknown Voltage

In a diagram, electrons are emitted from a hot coil with initial velocity 0 at plate A and then pass through a uniform field between two plates (A and B) where $V=1.00\times10^4$ volts. After, they ...
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1answer
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Voltage calculation at any point between two plates at different voltage

I have two plates (actually they are electrical connectors on a board) and I try to find the way of getting the $V$ value at any point between two plates, $A$ and $B$. A is at $V_o$ (in my case it is ...
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Watts vs. volts amperes

What I understand: In simple DC circuits, this is a product of the current and voltage, such that 1 watt = 1 ampere x 1 volt I understand that a watt is a unit of power (change in energy per unit ...
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Is activation voltage the sum of voltage required to collapse depletion layer and band gap energy?

Is the energy released when an electron moves from the valence to conductance band states the activation voltage or is activation voltage the energy required for electrons to overcome the depletion ...
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1answer
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Determining current in a branch having no resistor [closed]

In context to the diagram below , it is quite easy to find the current flowing through section AD , which turns out to be 2A , however , I cannot determine the current in any other branches with ...
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4answers
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Current when capacitor and resistor placed in parallel?

If the question is too long please comment to shorten it atleast , I really need an answer. I have just started learning about RC circuits and these circuits are confusing me.My questions-1)What will ...
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1answer
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Is electric force constant all over the surface of a conductor?

This question was asked in IIT JEE 2010. I know that the electrostatic pressure is equal to (1/2)∈(E)² and if we multiply this with the projected area then we would get the force acting on an object ...
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1answer
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How do you measure voltage from first principles? [closed]

I've always wondered if you were thrown back in time with just my cell phone, how could I charge it... I know how to make electricity, but how do I check the voltage if all I have access to is, shall ...
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Why is there no current between two capacitors connected in series?

I want to ask a question about the figure below. Why the current does not flow from $-Q$ term to $+Q$ term or from a to b since there is a voltage?
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Why does the potential difference across a type of parallel circuit not act like a potential divider? [closed]

Image credit (Q3) In this attached circuit, when $R_1=0\Omega$, I am failing to understand how the two cells affect the potential difference across the central resistor R3. I understand that ...
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2answers
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Different definitions of the EMF of a device - None of them applies to devices in a circuit

Wikipedia gives two formal definitions of the electromotive force: One in case of a closed loop, in which case the the EMF is supposed to be the path integral of the electric field (and all other ...
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Question about current density

I was looking at past exam papers and found a question that I can't understand. It is basically about current flow but the diagram is really confusing me. The diagram is the following: The question ...
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57 views

Proof of Ohm's Law [duplicate]

I was watching MIT OCW 802 and the lecturer mentioned that Ohm's law has a proof by quantum mechanics. Can someone please explain this.
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Will the volt, ampere, ohm or other electrical units change on May 20th, 2019? [duplicate]

When watching a video by Veritasium about the SI units redefinition (5:29), a claim that the volt and unit of resistance (presumably the ohm) will change by about 1 part in 10 million caught my ...
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1answer
41 views

Electric potential and voltage

A capacitor is connected to a battery with constant voltage. If you approach one of the plate to the other, what happens to electric potential? I already have an answer to this question but it's ...
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Why does the base-emitter voltage in NPN transistor become constant

The setup above shows the experiment that I have been working with. During the experiment, the current $i_c$ and the voltage $V_{be}$ were measured for increasing $V_{in}$. At some point, the current ...
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1answer
52 views

Neglecting capacitor from circuit

Take a look at this circuit : This question is answered in $Serway$ $7th$ ,And the book neglected 8 Farad capacitor because the voltage between $c$ and $d$ is zero. My questions is : $1.$Should not ...
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1answer
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How can we analyze electronic capacitors in series? [closed]

Two capacitors are in series, such as in this circuit diagram: When doing a circuit analysis, how can we describe the voltages and charges across the two capacitors?
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1answer
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Does the voltage of the battery change if you use it? [closed]

If you use the battery to charge a capacitor does the voltage of the battery decrease or still the same? Does the voltage of a capacitor decrease if you use it to charge another capacitor?
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Why does a voltaic cell induce an electric force proportional to voltage?

I'm trying to understand the intuition behind Ohm's law (that current is proportional to voltage). I understand the basics of the Drude model: if the electrons frequently collide and on average reset ...
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3answers
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How does resistance affect the voltage drop? [closed]

There is a series curcuit and there are 5 resistors in it which are the light bulbs. I know that current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance. Can ...