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Questions tagged [voltage]

Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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Determining Voltage, Amps, Ohms on a circuit diagram shown with a table provided [closed]

Need help Asap please!! Currently doing a test online and it's due in an hour.
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A capacitor partially filled with dielectric [closed]

Assume a parallel plate capacitor that was charged up to $Q_0$ from a source $U_0$ and then disconnected from the voltage source. The plates have an area $A$ and the distance between the plates is $d$....
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Is my simplified explanation of Volts vs Current correct? [closed]

I was struggling to find any meaningful difference between Volts and Current, when studying the basics of Ohm's law. The sentences explaining Potential Difference, between the negative and positive ...
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Electrostatic potential outside of a charged ball [closed]

To preface, I have never solved Maxwell's equation or his resulting Poisson's equation in any coordinate scheme, nor am I a physics major. I'm entirely teaching myself how to do this, so I don't know ...
Researcher R's user avatar
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Does the geometric shape of the cross-section of an infinitesimally thin conducting charged thread (wire) affect its electric field?

Assume that a solid conducting torus (toroidal ring), with a cross-section of a circle of (minor) radius $r$, is negatively charged. Solving Poisson's equation, we can find the charge distribution of ...
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Why do lamps in circuit have potential difference but two points in cable without anything in the middle of it have no potential difference?

I'm preparing for my EE major, this is my starting point.
Raudana Muntazar's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
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Visualization of resistance [closed]

What does a resistor do in an electrical circuit? Does it impede the flow of electrons by increasing offering a path that offers a large no. of collisions? How can i visualise it, i have been told to ...
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2 answers
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Voltage: work to move a charge, or difference of electric potential?

Let's say I have a single positive charge inside of an electrostatic field. I want to move this charge from point A to point B and determine the voltage between the two points. Points A and B are the ...
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Why is my idea of voltage drop wrong?

when battery is connected to 2 ends of a wire, potential difference is created, this causes electric field causing electrons to move, the field gives the electron electric potential and the thus ...
Anton Bert's user avatar
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1 answer
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Understand power rating in layman terms

I have recently started the chapter of electricity of class 8. I am not understanding the concept of power rating of appliances. When we say that a bulb is rated 220V-100W, which means, according to ...
Sanchit Batra's user avatar
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Maxwell stress tensor on a capacitor late given a dielectric

Given a capacitor with large plates (area $A$) separated by a dielectric with relative permittivity $\varepsilon_r$ and thickness $g$, I believe the Maxwell stress tensor states that the force on each ...
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Equivalent capacitance for a system of spherical capacitors

The question demands equivalent capacitance of two concentric metallic shells with larger and smaller radii. b and a respectively. The inner sphere is just left open(it's not earthed or anything), and ...
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How do I compute the voltage accross a cell membrane given microstate of neuron (distribution of charged ions)?

I am not a physicist, and I'm not sure what keywords to use to search for this. I'm trying to understand how I could in theory quantitatively know, what the voltage across a cell membrane in a Neuron ...
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Potential difference when two emf sources are connected in a simple loop circuit

I am having difficulty understanding the equation below for the potential difference between the two terminals of an electromotive source when two sources are connected from Sear and Zemansky's ...
nomadicmathematician's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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Why is the electric potential from a positive sphere not negative? [duplicate]

Say we have a positive point charge located somewhere. Then the electric field due to this point charge is $\vec{E} = \frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon_0}\frac{Q}{r^2}\hat{r} $ , now considering potential is $V =...
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Maximum voltage that a system of two capacitor withstands when connected in series [closed]

Question: A capacitor of capacitance 1 micro faraday withstands the maximum voltage 6kV while a capacitor of 2 micro faraday withstands the maximum voltage 4kV. What maximum voltage will the system ...
Navanieeth TS's user avatar
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Does cutting out the surfaces with no surface charge affect the charge distribution on the remaining parts of a conducting surface of arbitrary shape?

Assume that we have an arbitrary conducting surface being charged positively/negatively. Also, assume that we have extracted charge distribution by solving the Poisson's equation with proper boundary ...
Mohammad Javanshiry's user avatar
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Can resistors having equal magnitudes of potential difference be considered to be in parallel?

More specifically, if potential difference across a resistor, is exactly negative of the potential difference across another resistor, can they be considered to be in parallel? If so, why? Can the ...
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Voltage drop across an ideal inductor

I was afraid to type the title of the question though there are lot of answers to similar questions. I spent half a day going reading these questions and trying to understand the answers posted and ...
Vinay5101's user avatar
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6 answers
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What is electromotive force? What's its relationship to Voltage? + clarification of confusion

So first of all, yeah I know that the electromotive force is not a force (the name was coined by Alessandro Volta I think). About Power and dissipated power The power with wich a battery provides the ...
Manuel's user avatar
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How do I create a highly conductive vapor cloud? [closed]

I'm working on a project that requires that I create an electrically conductive gas cloud that can conduct voltages as low as 1.5v from a regular double A battery. I've been looking into using mecury ...
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How to find current direction from voltage value?

+2024.06.04. editted I'm adding an example image of the data I have. My circuit is a raster(matrix) format, and each cell (entry) is a node of the circuit. In the example, 1A is injected into the ...
Non's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Series Solution of Laplace Equation in Spherical Coordinates

I was recently Studying Griffiths Electrodynamics after a long time and there I saw the Laplace equation. Because it was my second time going over Griffiths so I thought maybe I should try to derive ...
Charu _Bamble's user avatar
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Capacitors with same capacitance but different voltage ratings

Suppose we have two capacitors that have same capacitance (same dielectric material) but different voltage ratings. Let both capacitors each be fully charged to their maximum voltages. From formula $Q=...
Rajesh R's user avatar
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Ozoneless air ionisation

Is there some way to ionise air in way that removes or atleast decreases ozone production? Is some combination of electrode shape, electrode material, negative or positive voltage, dc or ac and ...
wav scientist's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
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Can a positive charge have a negative potential?

I'm studying about electrostatic potential due to a point charge and was wondering - can a positively charged point have negative electrostatic potential? V=Kq/r for a positive point charge. Assume B ...
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Does it make a difference whether potential difference is denoted as a negative or positive value in an answer, since it's just a scalar? [duplicate]

Does it make a difference whether potential difference is denoted as a negative or positive value in an answer, since it's just a scalar? Sorry if it's a dumb question, I was just a little unsure.
HugeNerd's user avatar
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Is there any electronic devices that maintain charged state?

I want to know how to make electronic devices that are continuously charged to + or - state on which surface when voltage is applied to utilize the dielectric polarization property, or if there are ...
SungJin Park's user avatar
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2 answers
55 views

Confusion about reference point for potential difference

My confusion comes from trying to find the potential difference of a spherical conductor with an inner shell of radius $R_1$ and an outer radius $R_2$. I tried using a reference point of $R_1$ and ...
tofudofu's user avatar
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2 answers
72 views

Why is my voltmeter reading the supply voltage instead of load voltage?

I am very new to electronics and am a physics student working on an assignment. I have a very simple circuit set up in my bedroom: A power source of DC +0.7A and +5.0V with a single resistor of 100 ...
Gijahara's user avatar
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3 answers
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Behaviour of current in Pure capacitive circuit with DC voltage across

A circuit has just 1 capacitor and a DC Battery (V volts) and the wire has no resistance. At time $t=0$ the capacitor is completely uncharged. How current in this circuit changes with time? What i ...
SHINU_MADE's user avatar
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3 answers
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Electric Potential in circuit confusion

I reviewed some of the fundamental physics and I looked back at the equation for Electric potential at a point p: $$V(p) = k \sum_{i} {\frac {q_i} {r_i}}$$ where p is the point at which the potential ...
Matt's user avatar
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Why does current lag behind voltage by 90° in an inductive circuit?

We can easily prove this with KVL, a little bit calculus, and trigonometry. We get voltage as a sine function and current as a cosine function. Then we apply 'Add sugar to coffee' and get that current ...
Harjot Dhillon's user avatar
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2 answers
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Equipotential surfaces

Why two equipotential surfaces cannot intersect What is the logic and reason behind it?I know that two electric field lines cannot intersect but what about equipotential surfaces?
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Electrostatics: Electric Potential of Earth [duplicate]

I have a very basic question which is: Why we consider the potential of Earth to be zero? Generally in physics we consider the electric potential at infinity to be zero. But while reading about ...
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What does this formula of Electric potential generated by spherical symmetric charge density mean?

I found this formula (14.5) in the book Classical Electromagnetism in a Nutshell by Anupam Garg, $$\phi(r) = \frac{1}{r} \int_0^r 4\pi r^2\rho(r)\;dr+\int_r^{\infty}4 \pi r\rho(r)\;dr.$$ I know it's ...
Tommaso Zou TommasoZou's user avatar
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1 answer
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Equation of a equipotential surface

I have been trying to find a equation for the equipotential surface of a dipole , so I started with a simpler system of a singular charged particle , here are few things I know about the equipotential ...
Jojo cat's user avatar
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2 answers
42 views

How is power dissipated proportion to current and current squared?

$P=IV$ and $P=I^2R$. Does this mean that $P$ is proportional to both $I$ and $I^2$? I don't understand this concept. And when should I use the various formulas for power? When another variable is ...
Mathguy3829's user avatar
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4 answers
174 views

Why does the capacitance of a capacitor depend on charge and potential?

The formula of capacitance is $$C = \frac{Q}{V}.$$ So the capacitance of a capacitor should depend on the charge and potential but it doesn't. Why?
Utkarsh Maddheshiya's user avatar
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What is the voltmeter measuring the PD of?

In the circuit diagram, the cell has an internal resistance, but when the switch is closed what does the voltmeter measure, the pd of the cell, or the components in series?
John Smith's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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How could free electrons flow in a conductor? If electrons actually flow in a conductor, then won't the atoms of the conductor become unstable?

I've read in many physics books that electrons flow due to a potential difference across a conductor, and that the flow of electrons is opposite to the current direction. But, if electrons move from ...
Doodieman360's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
809 views

Could there be no current through a wire with a difference in voltage?

So I made this circuit on a simulator to help with my physics problem at school. As you can see from the picture, there is a voltage difference of 5V between B and D. I know that the voltage ...
despair's user avatar
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I'm trying to figure out how to go from the electric potential of a uniformly charged semi-circle, to the electric field

The question asks "A thin plastic semi ring of radius $R$ has a uniform linear positive charge density $\lambda$. a) Determine the electric potential $V$ at point O, the center of the semi ring. ...
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Can the potential of a point charge be considered one-dimensional?

It is well known that,take infinity as 0 potential,the potential at position r of a point charge q placed at the origin is $$V = \frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon _0}\frac{q}{r}$$ it satisfies three dimensional ...
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5 answers
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Question about Voltage in circuits

What does for example "9V on a battery measure" really measure, is it the electrical potential of a single Coloumb of charge provided by the battery? Is it the potential difference? If it's ...
Saad's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Questions about batteries and circuits

If the electrical potential difference is the difference in potential energy over charge Say we have a circuit, we plug it into a 1.5V battery, does that mean that for every coulomb of electrons ...
Saad's user avatar
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1 answer
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Circuit without grounding

I'm learning about the notation of grounding. In this post of Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floating_ground, it is said that Conductors are also described as having a floating voltage if ...
InTheSearchForKnowledge's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
271 views

Why something connected to the ground has 0 potential?

I'm studying the concept of grounding of neutral wire in AC. I have done an extensive research on the internet to answer the question "Why the neutral wire has 0 potential ?". The answer is ...
InTheSearchForKnowledge's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
88 views

Why is the electric field strength ($V/d$) constant in a charging capacitor?

The electric field strength at a point in a charging capacitor $=V/d$, and is the force that a charge would experience at a point. This doesn't seem to make sense, as all the capacitor is is 2 plates,...
Mercury's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why can define the electric potential (voltage) in alternating current?

(All SI unit used in this question) The electric potential U is defined in electrostatic field that The electric field is the (negative) gradient of some scaler verctor, if and only if the electirc ...
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