Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [vibrations]

The tag has no usage guidance.

0
votes
1answer
20 views
+50

Calculating the power of a pneumatic piston vibrator

I am using a pneumatically-driven piston vibrator to compact a tank filled with granular material. The intensity of the vibrator can be regulated by changing the pressure of the pressurized air fed ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Using two simple pendulums to estimate $g$

I know that using the period expression for a simple pendulum we can have an estimation of the acceleration of gravity $g$. I encountered the following question One way of measuring the terrestrial ...
5
votes
3answers
144 views

Vibrating string as a dynamic system

It's known first order dynamical systems had one energy storage (example C, in RC circuits) these systems act as a filter but don't resonate, on the other hand a second order system had two energy-...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

If all harmonics are generated by plucking, how does a guitar string produce a pure frequency sound?

A guitar is a plucked instrument and it is played by plucking a string at an off-centre point fixed at two ends. In general, Fourier analysis tells that all harmonics (the resonant frequencies of the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does a metal block make a shrill sound but not a wooden block upon hammering?

When hammered, a metal block makes a shrill sound but not a wooden block of identical shape. Is it that the wooden block vibrates with lesser frequency than the metal block? If so, why is that? Also ...
-4
votes
0answers
18 views

Two dimensions springs [duplicate]

Hello I am wondering how I can find the force of a spring in 2d with and angle of θ from the vertical axis how could I solve such problems?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Vibrational Question [closed]

A friend recently asked me this question, which I am not even sure how to comprehend... Three masses are arranged at the vertices of an equilateral triangle and are connected by springs along the ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Human perception of temperature

I had the following thought experiment recently: Suppose we have a vibrating plate for which we can tune the amplitude and frequency of vibration, and imagine we hold a finger against the plate. For ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is the UV absorption band for molecules not a sudden transition?

From what I have read, when a molecule in solution or gas is excited, it does so from ground state, but may gain the energy for vibrational transitions as well. This would lead me to expect that there ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Can the vibrations from the Earth affect gravitational wave detectors?

I was very interested in gravitational wave detectors and how they work exactly. From what I know they set up two lasers with mirrors set up to cancel each other out. Then if movement is detected from ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Laser creating weird patterns on screen when reflected from a vibrating membrane

Me and a few friends were doing an experiment today in which we took a membrane stretched over a speaker, and a small mirror in the center of the membrane. We reflected a laser off the mirror on a ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Frequency modes of the rectangular shell

The shapes of three natural modes having the frequencies $w_1$, $w_2$, $w_3$ of the rectangular shell are presented in the figure. The exciting pressure $p(t)$ applied uniformly all over the one side ...
-1
votes
2answers
26 views

Degrees of freedom of gas molecules

What is the degrees of freedom of a three dimensional polyatomic molecule when only one vibrational mode is excited?
7
votes
1answer
172 views

How does a guitar work?

Here are four different possible ways: The plucked string vibrates longitudinally, vibrating the air around it. This vibrating air then causes the air inside the sound box to vibrate also, which ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is quantum molecular movement? [closed]

Q: What is quantum molecular movement? And what are some examples of quantum molecular movement? I’ve been studying a wide arrange of things but one of the top things I don’t understand is quantum ...
-2
votes
1answer
78 views

Why do objects have a Natural Frequency? [closed]

Why should an object even have a natural frequency, why not vibrate at any other frequency? This just sounds nonsensical.
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Are acoustic phonons always the lowest energy vibrational modes in solids?

In solids with unit cells containing more than one atom, the normal modes show acoustic and optical branches. The number of optical branches is proportional to the number of atoms in the unit cell, ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

What is the equation for a convex catenoid, and is it subject to an oscillation on minimum surface?

I want to re-think the shape of a vibrating string to find a source for frequencies that are not emitted by the fundamental mode but do not require points that are fixed and moving at the same time, ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Change in vibrionic energy in at atom at a higher excited electron state

I was studying the coupling of Vibrational and Electronic energies and was left confused at one aspect of the subject. Consider the image showing a transition from one electronic state to a higher ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Coupled pendulums at half height

Suppose we have the system described below (poor quality but it'll do the trick). We have two pendulums of mass $m$ coupled by a string of constant $k$ placed at a height $a$ from the top (as shown). ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Natural and Driving Frequency of a Spring-Mass System

Does $$f = \frac{1}{2\pi}\sqrt{\frac{k}{m}}$$ measure the natural frequency or driving frequency of a spring-mass system? I can't find any resources which confirm this! I believe it measures the ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

At what frequency does a string vibrate?

When a string with fixed ends vibrates (e.g. plucking a guitar string) Fourier Theorem says that the vibration can be expressed as a sum of its normal modes, which are sinusoidal vibrations with ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Relation between shapes and vibrations

I have observed the following shape on surface of water when the bottle was standing on a cooling water machine. I was amazed by the formation because I had not seen this before. I'm not completely ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Tuning a tuned mass damper

In order for a tuned mass damper to work effectively, its frequency and damping ratio have to be tuned according to the mass ratio of the damper and the whole system itself, such as by using the Den ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Do we need a small displacement to create a oscillatory motion on the spring?

Do we need a small displacement to create a oscillatory motion on the spring with a mass attached to it? Whats the limit of the displacement that we can give initally to create a oscillatory motion? ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Different ressonant frequencies for velocity and displacement

For a damped oscilator, by working ou the math one can easily see that the ressonant frequency for the displacement is slightly lower than the one for velocity. But why? How we see this intuitively?
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Event Horizons Vibrations

Can the event horizon of a black hole vibrate? If so, are there mechanisms that dampen the vibration? Consider a spherical, non-rotating, non-charged black hole located far away from other sources ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

What is the difference between solutions to 2nd order homogeneous ODE?

I’m studying Vibrations, and we have two forms to the 2nd order homogeneous ODE: $$mx ̈+kx ̇=0$$ $$x(t)=C_1 e^{iw_n t}+C_2 e^{-iw_n t}$$ and $$x(t)=A\cos(w_n t)+B\sin(w_n t)$$ Even though I can use ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Degrees of freedom for diatomic molecules [duplicate]

I have a doubt in understanding about the degrees of freedom (dof) ......as I have learned dof is nothing but the necessary parameters to specify the location and configuration of a system.....if that'...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

How is temperature related to quantum vibrational states of molecules?

When a molecule of greenhouse gas absorbs a photon of long wave infrared radiation it is boosted to the next allowed vibrational state. The vibrational state, as I understand it, involves deformations ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Why does acoustic imepdance increase when mass density and bulk modulus increaes?

If we take some material and (somehow) increase its mass density or bulk modulus then its acoustic impedance will increase as $z = \sqrt{\rho \kappa}$. That is, it What is the physical reasoning ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

Using the Debye model, show that the contribution of the zero point energy to the lattice vibrational energy is given by $𝑈=(9/8)𝑁𝑘_B𝜃_𝐷$

Using the Debye model, show that the contribution of the zero point energy to the lattice vibrational energy is given by $𝑈={9\over8}𝑁𝑘_B𝜃_𝐷$. I know that The zero point energy is $E={1\over2}\...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Why consider only real part when summing several simple harmonic motions?

I have been studying vibrations and I stumbled upon the overlapping of simple harmonic motions. Consider the case where the number of oscillators $n$ is $n \gg 1$, all of them have the same angular ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

How to determine if a calculated Raman mode in a crystal is active or not?

I have used an ab initio electronic structure code to calculate the harmonic Raman spectrum of a (molecular) crystal. However, no use of symmetry has been made, and it might well be that some of the ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Boundary condition: displacement

I have a controversial case. I have a rod, which is fixed from one end (constraint). From another end, I apply a compressive force, by pressing the rod down. So in a way I have a constraint, but at ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

How does one mathematically derive the damping coefficient of a theoretical viscous dashpot?

I am very well aware of how to get the damping coefficient experimentally by observing a system in action. Given the dimensions and fluid properties of a theoretical viscous fluid dashpot, how does ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

2 Extra Degree of Freedom in Linear Triatomic Molecules?

Ok, there is a bit problem in understanding Degree of Freedom of Linear Molecules specially of Triatomic Linear Molecules. See, the DOF in general is given as $f=3N-k$. Here, N=Number of atoms in a ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

For a molecule, does the term 'thermal vibration' mean the same thing as 'molecular vibration'?

When speaking of a molecule, do both terms ('thermal vibration' and 'molecular vibration') describe the same thing, being the one and only periodic motion of the atoms within the molecule? Or, are ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Tools for measuring vibration/sound of shaking

I would like to know how I can measure the vibration coming from my hand shaking something. My experiment is like this. I put a ball made of strong glass into a closed empty box made of strong glass ...
2
votes
2answers
337 views

Actual Degree of Freedom of Diatomic Molecule

Ok, I have 2 very different values for degree of freedom(DOF) of diatomic molecules arising due to the difference in the vibrational DOF of the diatomic molecules. According to this DOF wiki page:- ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Justification for using wave equation for describing a phenomena

I have recently started learning about waves. We didn't really formally describe what a wave is, but instead started by looking at a concrete example namely harmonic sinusoidal waves in 1d. We then ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

What is the difference between sound and vibration?

As far as I know, the only difference between sound and vibration is that sound propagates but vibration does not. In most cases, they are the same. Please help clarify these concepts.
0
votes
3answers
78 views

Why this incident happens? [closed]

If there's a rope which two sides are attached to the wall and a rigid body is hanged down from the rope (that body has light mass )in a such situation if a force is applied on the rope at any point ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Is the fundamental mode the only mode produced in free vibration?

Let’s say I strike a 2D circular plate with some impulse. Is the fundamental mode the mode that’s always being produced, or is it possible to sustain only higher modes such as a (1,1) mode etc. Let’s ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Why does change in tension of a vibrating string result in infinite acceleration of an atom at the transition point?

Consider an infinite uniform vibrating string centred at $x=0$ and extends from $+\infty$ to $-\infty$ whose tension is to be changed at x=0.Instead of just changing the tension directly we introduce ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Does a vibrating string produce changes in tension in the string?

A taut string anchored at both ends increases in tension as the string is displaced to a side. When released the string will vibrate at whatever frequency to which the system is tuned. If this were ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

Vibration of strings [duplicate]

What happens if we clamp a string at both it's ends and pluck it at different distances from one of the ends? Will the frequency of oscillation be the same or will it differ based on the place from ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Seismology - PPV / VDV from geophone waveform data

I'm using an inexpensive seismometer to try and measure the effects of local HGV traffic on buildings. The device is connected to a Raspberry PI that has a Cirrus Logic Audio Card. The signal is fed ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Eigen-Energy of Vibration on a Loop

I recently started this recreational project to find the energy of the modes on a loop. To obtain the eigen-energies $E_n$, I decided to solve the 1D wave equation on a loop of circumference $2\pi l$ ...
-5
votes
1answer
44 views

How can i slow my molecular vibration so objects can pass through me without injury [closed]

The goverment has already developed it combined with a light refraction suit