Questions tagged [velocity]

The time rate of change of the position of an object

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Is the moment of zero velocity identical for objects of differing mass?

Assume we have two perfect spheres of identical size but different mass (e.g., one made of steel and one made of enamel) and an environment where the only forces in play are gravity and velocity (i.e.,...
1
vote
3answers
856 views

When a body accelerates, it gains (relativistic) mass; after stopping, is the (relativistic) mass different from before it started accelerating?

When a body accelerates, it gains (relativistic) mass $m$ according to the relation $$m=\frac{m_0}{\sqrt{1-(v/c)^2}},$$ where $m_0$ is the (rest) mass. But after it stops is the gained (relativistic) ...
-1
votes
1answer
414 views

Explain the terminal velocity equation [closed]

As explained by Method 1 on WikiHow, the equation for Terminal Velocity is: $$ V_T = \sqrt{2 \times m \times g \over ρ \times A \times C} $$ Some parts of this equation are self explanatory, and ...
-1
votes
2answers
938 views

How can Terminal Velocity be greater than gravity? [closed]

It's been over a decade since my last high school physics class, so I apologize in advance if this is a dumb/ignorant question, but how can a skydiver fall faster than the speed of gravity? If gravity ...
0
votes
0answers
3k views

How to calculate the centerline velocity inside a pipe?

Well, I was reading about fluid-solid/structure interaction models for make a simulation in COMSOL, and in few papers about it [1] I find an expression about the centerline velocity. I understand the ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Orientation of a rocket going in a circle?

This problem is from my physics homework: A rocket is moving at constant speed in a perfect circle in deep space, far away from any planets or stars. The diagram below shows the circle the ship ...
1
vote
1answer
822 views

Instantaneous velocity is slope of displacement-time curve?

I have a toss-up question that I'm not sure how to answer. Here it is (true or false): The instantaneous velocity at a particular time is the slope of the displacement-time curve at that position. I ...
1
vote
2answers
316 views

Quick question on free fall of 2 objects [closed]

I am trying to work through a problem, that is basically telling me that two objects were dropped from a building, one was thrown 2 seconds after the previous object, and I have to find out how long ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting velocity-time line to acceleration-time?

How would one find where the straight line on a VT graph is on an AT graph? For example in the above image, if I were to convert that into an acceleration-time graph, where on the y-axis would the ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Drift velocity of electrons with changing area

What would happen with the drift velocity of a cylindrical resistor's diameter increases, with a given voltage between its terminals? According to the expression: \begin{align} R&=\rho\frac{L}{A}\...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do rockets jettison fuel tanks? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand why rockets have multistages releasing their fuel tanks. Say a rocket $R$ has two fuel tanks $A$ and $B$, which respectively have masses $m_a$ and $m_b$, and the mass of the ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Physical Meaning of Divergence of Convective Velocity Term

When taking the divergence of the convective velocity term, I get the following: \begin{align} \nabla\cdot\left[\mathbf u\cdot\nabla\mathbf u\right]&=\frac{\partial}{\partial x_i}\left[u_j\frac{\...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Projectile velocity and component $x$ and $y$ velocities

So the equations for the X and Y velocity given $\theta$ and $V_0$ are $V_x = V_0\cos\theta$, and $V_y = V_0\sin\theta$. When I test this with something like 1 m/s and and angle of $45^{\circ}$, I ...
1
vote
0answers
614 views

What is the physical explanation for the phase relationship between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in plane and spherical waves?

I've been looking around for a decent physical explanation of the differences in the phase relationships between acoustic pressure and particle velocity in different types of waves. Mathematical ...
5
votes
1answer
762 views

Does tunneling transmission probability depend on the density of states or velocity?

In some quantum text books [1], the tunneling transmission formula depends only on the density of states of 2 regions (DOS) involved in tunneling. ($T(E) = C \times DOS_1(E) \times DOS_2(E)$, where C ...
0
votes
0answers
444 views

Four-momentum, four-velocity, energy

If given the four-momentum of any particle monitored by an observer as: p = $p^\hat{α}e_\hat{α}$ using unit vectors in observer’s reference frame and u = $e_\hat{0}$ then I get I'm just wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Importance of Powers of Velocity in Classical Mechanics

Is there any general significance to calculated quantities that depend purely on general powers of the velocity of a particle/system/etc? The first power being momentum and the second being kinetic ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Elastic collisions and conservation of momentum

If you have an elastic collision between objects 1 and 2 and where 'kinetic energy is conserved', does this mean object 1 will always have the same velocity it had before the collision? Or will ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Derivation of the average Velocity formula with constant acceleration (using calculus)

I have been looking at $$ v_{avg} = \frac{v_{i} + v_{f}}{2}, $$ when the acceleration is constant, where $v_i$ is equal to the initial velocity and $v_f$ is equal to the final velocity. How can ...
3
votes
2answers
28k views

How can I calculate the speed of an object knowing its horizontal and vertical velocity components?

Let's say a ball is thrown and it experiences typical projectile motion (moves in a parabolic arc etc.) and the only information we know are the equations for the horizontal and vertical components of ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Finding the velocity of a ball thrown upwards [closed]

A ball is thrown upwards with a speed of 16.1 m/s. What is the ball's velocity 1.6 seconds after it is released? I tried to solve this using the equation: $v = u+at$, substituting u for 16.1, a for 9....
6
votes
3answers
15k views

Calculating time to reach certain velocity with drag force

I was given a problem for homework where we needed to calculate the time for a falling object to reach a certain velocity when accounting for drag force. I did it by setting up acceleration as a ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

A question about finding average velocity and average acceleration

I have trouble understanding the following problem's answer: Which of the following relations are true for any arbitrary motion in space? (a) $v_{avg}=\frac{r(t_2)-r(t_1)}{t_2-t_1}$ (b) ...
0
votes
1answer
481 views

How do objects even move due to gravity?

I am an newbie general relativistic learner and I learnt that gravity is bending of space-time and since objects move in straight-lines but since its curved they follow curved movement through space ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

Is air resistance affected by both mass and surface area?

If so, which has the biggest impact?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

If gravitation causes constant acceleration why moon does not fall into earth? [duplicate]

If moon travels with constant speed in one direction and earth gravitation causes constant acceleration in perpendicular direction why moon does not eventually fall into earth? I mean if gravitation ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

Deriving Time from Acceleration, Displacement, and Initial Velocity

I know the equation for displacement as a function of time is $$\vec{s} = \vec{v_i} \Delta{t}+\frac{1}{2}\vec{a}\,(\Delta t)^2$$ I need to solve for $\Delta t$ I'm having problems rearranging to do ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Measuring more accurately the distance of remote galaxies

From what I read in Wikipedia, the velocity of a Galaxy has two components: one is due to Hubble's law for cosmic expansion, and the other is the peculiar velocity of the galaxy. Since the peculiar ...
-1
votes
1answer
595 views

How do you find the average speed and average velocity? [closed]

The shuttle craft "Galileo" travels at a constant velocity of $2.73*10^3$ m/s up for $34.0$ min. and then turns around to travel $1.45*10^3$ m/s down for $15.0$ min. a) Find its average speed. b) ...
0
votes
0answers
857 views

Wave Packets, Group velocity, and Phase velocity [duplicate]

Mathematically, you find that the wave function of a particle $\Psi (x,t)$ moves with the same velocity as the velocity of the particle ($v_{particle} = v_{group}$). Is there a reason why the ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Special Relativity, 2nd Postulate — Why? [duplicate]

As a lowly physics undergrad who has been chewing on this 2nd postulate of special relativity for a year or more, I simply can't wrap my head around reasons why it is true or how Einstein might have ...
1
vote
1answer
858 views

Possible Deflection Distance For Falling Object

I work for a company selling tethers that prevent tools on building sites from falling away from the user. One of the problems that has come up is that objects can deflect horizontally when they ...
0
votes
2answers
757 views

Problem finding the average velocity [closed]

Problem: A car travels along a straight line for first half time with speed of 40 km/h and second half time with speed 60 km/h. The mean speed of the car is__________. My answer: 48 km/h Why? ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

Solenoid pull force & Velocity calculation

So I am building a circular accelerator (like a slightly oversimplified model version of CERN) as a physics project, and I'm at a dead end. I believe I need to know how to work out differential ...
0
votes
3answers
443 views

Perceiving travel speeds from different view points

Scenario: Two vehicles pass each other on a highway moving at 100km's an hour; from a stationary position beside the road you witness these cars pass each-other directly in front of you: from your ...
1
vote
1answer
803 views

Displacement of an object due to opposite and equal forces acting at different times?

This question is about mechanical waves in solids, the speed at which forces propagate through solids, and the displacement that might occur due to unequal starting times of equally sized forces. ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Does this count as moving faster than light?

I'm not familiar with any complicated physics equation, however I do understand some basics. Suppose there is two objects, both of them are moving away from each other in a 3-dimensional space, which ...
2
votes
1answer
929 views

Eddy Currents: Relationships between thickness and deceleration

This is probably a question with a very simple answer, but I want to make sure before I write too much. I'm doing an investigation on Electromagnetic fields, in particular eddy currents and how they ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Is speed an intensive property?

I remember being taught in elementary physics that while it makes sense to add volumes, masses, or heat, it makes no sense to add temperatures. As I wanted to use that to illustate some other issue, ...
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

If we could reach very high speeds, could we measure the velocity of the Earth this way?

If we could reach (nearly) the speed of light with spaceships, could we measure the velocity of the Earth by launching three perpendicular rockets, accelerating them, and measuring how much fuel (...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Special relativity: circumventing velocity-addition formula

Two spaceships approach an observer from an equal distance and from an opposite direction with an equal speed $v$ in the observer's intertial reference frame $O$. The speed of a spaceship in the ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Knock out drum sizing for 10 times velocity reduction

How can I size a drum such that the velocity is reduced by 10 times inside the vessel. My velocity in the pipe entering the drum is 9.77 m/s. Velocity inside the drum should be 10 times less than 9.77 ...
5
votes
3answers
498 views

Is it faster underwater to go down without air or up with air?

So I had a very interesting conversation between me and my friends about this topic, but we could not find the answer. The Situation Lets say you are in a pool and you want to touch the bottom and ...
0
votes
1answer
894 views

What is the airspeed velocity of an unladen swallow? [closed]

I got asked this question for my physics course at college, i'm not the best at airspeed velocities... What is the airspeed velocity of an unladen swallow? I still can't find anything to help me, ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How to approximate acceleration from a trajectory's coordinates?

If I only know $x$- and $y$- coordinates of every point on a trajectory without knowledge of time information, is there any way to approximate Cartesian acceleration angle at each point? Time interval ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the terminal velocity of a sheep?

Inspired by this question on Gaming.SE Using actual in-real-life physics, what would the terminal velocity of a sheep actually be? I would assume it would be around 50m/s, but I might be wrong. ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Calculating force of a car [closed]

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

What is the speed of light from a star moving towards a observer.? [duplicate]

We can say that in vacuum speed of light is constant. But if the star is moving with a certain velocity does it add that velocity to the velocity of photons emitted out of that star?
1
vote
5answers
14k views

If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the path a circle? [closed]

A Newtonian physics question: If the velocity vector of a moving particle is always perpendicular to the position vector, is the only possible path a circle? What if the magnitude of the velocity ...
0
votes
2answers
538 views

Can speed be defined in the complex plane?

This question cropped up while I was playing with the equation for time dilation. If I set the speed to be $i$ (imaginary unit) the answer from the equation still makes sense, but does that matter if ...

1
23 24
25
26 27
31