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Questions tagged [topological-field-theory]

Use this tag for topological field theory (Tft) and topological string theory (tst) questions.

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Lattice construction of 2D topological field theory and Frobenius algebras vs. associative algebras

I have a basic confusion about 2D topological field theories (TFTs). In the lattice construction of 2D TFTs introduced by Fukuma et al (https://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9212154) only associative algebras ...
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44 views

String topology in string theory

How do string topology, string field theory and topological strings interact? Does anybody see a global picture? By string topology I mean the TQFT based on the homology of the space of loops ...
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161 views

What's the origin of the vortex's ansatz $\phi\big(\vec{x}\big)=f\big(r\big)e^{-in\theta}$?

What's the origin of the vortex's ansatz $\phi\big(\vec{x}\big)=f\big(r\big)e^{-in\theta}$ in the Vega and Schaposnik paper? In their article Classical vortex solution of the Abelian Higgs model, ...
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43 views

What does it mean for gravity in $(2+1)$ dimensions to be topological?

I have been studying gravity in $(2+1)$-dimensions and I have come across the idea that gravity in this lower-dimensional spacetime is topological but I haven’t been able to find a simple explanation ...
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1answer
49 views

How Does A $\theta$ Angle Shift Affect the Wilsonian Effective Lagrangrian?

Say we have some quantum field theory which includes a gauge field, and some matter, and a topological $\theta$ term so that the Lagrangian reads $$L=(stuff)+\frac{\theta}{64\pi^2}\varepsilon^{\mu\nu\...
3
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1answer
114 views

Why doesn't the $\theta$ Angle Renormalize?

The $\theta$ term for Yang-Mills takes the form $$L_{\theta}=\frac{\theta}{64\pi^2}\varepsilon^{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}F^a_{{\mu\nu}}F^a_{\rho\sigma}$$ A fact that I have heard is that $\theta$ does not ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Associativity of fusion of anyons: Why are anyons ordered?

Anyon theories are required to be associative, i.e. when fusing three anyons with labels $a,b,c$, we have $$(a\times b) \times c = a\times (b \times c)$$ This associativity is extended to the fusion ...
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1answer
41 views

Integer quantum Hall conductance and time-reversal symmetry

If we have a (2+1)-dimensional electronic gapped system with a unique ground state and it has a nonzero integer quantum Hall conductance, then the system (or its ground state) must break the time-...
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55 views

What is knotted in EM and GR?

I found this paper with beautiful illustrations: Helicity, Topology and Kelvin Waves in reconnecting quantum knots, and this one which seems to describe something closely analogous: New knotted ...
1
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1answer
108 views

Non-abelian anyons, relation between representation of braid group and fusion rules

As far as I understand, anyons correspond to fields that live in the representation space of some (unitary?) representation of the braid group. One-dimensional representations commute and give rise to ...
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1answer
78 views

One-dimensional $SU(3)$ Heisenberg Model, the non-linear sigma model, $\theta$-term

Let's consider a one dimensional $SU(N)$ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Model with an irreducible representation and its conjugate on alternating sites, such that they correspond to a Young tableaux ...
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31 views

Aharony-Bernman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) and k=1 Chern Simons matter

I have read recently that the partition function / half-BPS wilson vev (w/ NG probe) of a Chern-Simons matter theory with N=6 U(N)k x U(N)-k super-conformal symmetry (ABJM) on S3 is proportional to ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Is a constant electric field CP violating?

Consider, for instance, a fundamental massless three-form field $C_{\alpha\beta\gamma}$ in the Coulomb phase: $$ \mathcal L = E_{\mu\alpha\beta\gamma}E^{\mu\alpha\beta\gamma} + C_{\alpha\beta\gamma}J^...
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78 views

A good instruction on Symmetry enriched Topological phases

I am looking for a good introduction to SETs, and topologically ordered phaeses it should be something describing first principles and gives a good explanation on the basics and the logic of this ...
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46 views

$\theta$ Term In 2d for $U(1)$ and $SO(2)$

For the $U(1)$ gauge theory in 2d, there can be a theta term $$\frac{\theta}{2\pi}\int_{M} dA$$ where $A$ is the $U(1)$ gauge field and $\theta\sim \theta+2\pi$. However, it is known that $U(1)=SO(2)...
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2answers
105 views

Braiding matrix from CFT first principles

Various CFT models are known to produce representations of braid groups. A famous example is the $SU(2)$ WZW model at level $k$, for which the braiding matrix for the case of two fundamental irreps ...
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1answer
63 views

Is the quantum Hall state a topological insulating state?

I am confused about the quantum Hall state and topological insulating states. Following are the points (according to my naive understanding of this field) which confuse me: Topological insulator has ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Supercharge transformation rules

Consider ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetry with $SU(2)$ global symmetry group. Then both supercharges $Q_{ai},\bar{Q}_{\dot{a}\dot{j}}$ transform by 2 dimensional representation of $SU(2)$. Denote $SU(2)_I$ ...
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72 views

On string-like excitations in (3+1)d discrete gauge theory

(3+1)d discrete $G$-gauge theory (untwisted Dijkgraaf-Witten theory) has both point-like and loop-like excitations; Point-like excitation is an electric charge labeled by an irreducible ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Chern-Simons and framing dependence$.$

According to ref.1, the correlation functions of a Chern-Simons theory are topological invariants, up to the so-called framing, that is, the trivialisation of $TM\oplus TM$. The origin of this framing ...
6
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1answer
76 views

How does extending a Chern-Simons theory to the bulk fix potential singularities?

According to ref.1 (§A.3), the naive definition of Chern-Simons $$ S[A]=k\int_M \mathrm{CS}[A]\tag{A.17} $$ is ill-defined, because $A$ may have "Dirac string singularities". The solution is to extend ...
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108 views

A question about Witten's paper on QFT and Jones polynomial

So I have been reading the famous paper on quantum field theory and Jones polynomial and have the following questions: On P.31 (381), it was said that the eigenvalues of $B$ are $$λ_i = ±\exp(i\...
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0answers
51 views

How exactly does a spin TQFT depend on the spin structure?

Take a spin Chern-Simons TQFT, such as $U(N)$ or $SO(N)$ with odd level. Such system depends on the spin structure of the underlying manifold. But how exactly does the theory depend on the spin ...
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58 views

What is the topological data for $(\mathbb Z_n)_p$ theories?

Consider the 3d TQFT described by the Lagrangian (Dijkgraaf-Witten with gauge group $\mathbb Z_n$ at level $p$): $$ \mathcal L=\frac{n}{2\pi} B\wedge\mathrm dA+\frac{p}{4\pi}A\wedge\mathrm dA $$ with $...
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129 views

Deriving Chern-Simons term from path integral representation of the first quantized non interacting many body Hamiltonian

This is an exercise from condensed matter filed theory book of altland and simons. Exercise Subject the first quantized many particle hamiltonian $H=\sum_{i=1}^{N}\frac{p^{i}{^{2}}}{2m}+V(x^i)$ to ...
5
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2answers
151 views

APS $\eta$-invariant and spin-Ising TQFT

I am interested in the relation between the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer-$\eta$ invariant and spin topological quantum field theory. In the paper Gapped Boundary Phases of Topological Insulators via Weak ...
4
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0answers
107 views

Is $U(2)_{2, 1}$ Chern Simons Theory Completely Trivial?

I am using the method outlined in appendix C4 of a paper by Seiberg and Witten [1] to calculate the statistics of lines in $U(2)_{2, 1}$. However, this method shows that all lines are trivial. ...
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0answers
109 views

Lattice QFT of the Jones Polynomial

Start with a gauge theory with Chern-Simons action $$ S[A] = \frac{k}{4 \pi} \text{Tr} \intop_{M} \left( A \wedge dA + \frac{2}{3} A \wedge A \wedge A \right) $$ and a Wilson loop observable in the ...
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50 views

Is it possible to directly derive the $K$ matrix for a topological order described by a gauge-theory Hamiltonian?

To be concrete, Let us consider a $Z_2$ gauge theory in the deconfined phase coupled to matter field, \begin{align} S_{Z_2}=\beta\sum_{\vec r\mu}\phi(\vec r)U_\mu(\vec r)\phi(\vec r+\vec e_{\mu}) + K \...
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1answer
125 views

Composite Operators in Topological/Conformal Field Theory

In virtually any reference on conformal or cohomological field theory, you'll eventually see a formula like: $$\frac{\delta}{\delta h^{\alpha \beta}}\langle\mathcal{O}_1(x_1)...\mathcal{O}_n(x_n)\...
1
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1answer
73 views

Winding number and area formula

I need to show some properties of the topological expression involving a map $\vec{n}(x): S^2 \rightarrow S^2$ $$W=\frac{1}{4\pi}\int \vec{n} \cdot (d\vec{n} \wedge d\vec{n}),$$ but I am not very ...
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67 views

Is Yang-Mills theory as a topological quantum field theory a good alternative?

Suppose we know a classical solution for gauge Boson fields $A_{\mu,c}$ and Fermion fields $\psi_c$ and now we want to consider ist Quantum fluctuations. These fluctuations arise from loop corrections,...
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26 views

Metric-dependent operator and its variation

In the proof that the metric variation of correlation functions for certain operator ($\mathcal{O}$) vanishes, do we always need to assume that operator itself is metric independent? In other words, ...
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32 views

Are twisted versions of supersymmetric field theories supersymmetric on any general four manifold?

Witten in his famous paper (Topological Quantum Field Theory) writes -- " I do not know whether twisted versions of other $\mathcal{N} \ge 2$ supersymmetric field theories will similarly be ...
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91 views

Understanding the fractional quantum Hall effect in Chern-Simons formalism described in Wen's book

So I study fractional quantum hall effect with Chern-Simons formalism by using Wen's book, this is an excellent book, but it assumes that you know field theory very well thus it has gaps between steps....
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89 views

Twisted Chern-Simons, and Twisted Wess-Zumino Term

I am asking this question about Chern-Simons theory from the paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial" by Edward Witten. Let $M$ be a closed three dimensional manifold, and $P\rightarrow M$ ...
12
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1answer
276 views

Faddeev-Popov Determinant of Chern-Simons Theory

I am asking this question in order to figure out the expression of the Faddeev-Popov determinant given by Edward Witten is his paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial". Starting from the ...
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0answers
61 views

3d TQFT for Fibonacci (Yang -Lee) anyons

What is the 3d TQFT whose Wilson line produces Fibonacci (Yang -Lee) anyons? I heard that 3d $SO(3)_3$ Chern-Simons theory produces the correct physics for Fibonacci anyon ($e$). How to show it? If ...
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1answer
216 views

The Hilbert space of Chern-Simons on a torus, part one$.$

There is a key result in 2+1 dimensional Chern-Simons theory, which was first discussed in ref.1.: the Hilbert space of the theory, when quantised on $T^2\times\mathbb R$, is isomorphic to $$ \frac{\...
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0answers
37 views

Sign on Particle-Vortex Duality from 3d Bosonization

This is most likely a question with a very simple answer but well, on the paper "Particle-Vortex Duality from 3d Bosonization" by Karch and Tong, on page 11 it is claimed that the first three terms on ...
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0answers
61 views

Does topological mass imply preservation of global symmetry whose current is topological?

This question is general but the motivation for it lies within the paper "A Duality Web in 2+1 Dimensions and Condensed Matter Physics". On pages 20-23, they consider a system which has four phases ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Why does a monopole operator break the global symmetry with topological current?

I am currently reading the paper "A Duality Web in 2+ 1 Dimensions and Condensed Matter Physics" by Seiberg et al, and on page 22 they add to the Lagrangian a monopole operator of the form $\phi^{\...
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60 views

Relationship between TQFTs and gauge theories

The motivation for this question comes from observing that the toric code model has the properties of a TQFT (robust ground state degeneracy) and of a $\mathbb Z_2$ gauge theory (local spin flips don'...
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73 views

Formalization of the concept of a topological charge

I want to write precisely in mathematical terms what a topological charge is. This is what I have, but I am not sure of how correct it is. Let $M$ be spacetime. Quantization of $M$ in some QFT will ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Braiding matrix in Chern-Simons theories$.$

Consider a Chern-Simons system with gauge group $G$ and level $k$. Such a system can be used to model anyons, where the latter are identified with the integrable representations of $G$. One of the ...
3
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0answers
148 views

Which Chern-Simons TQFTs are spin?

Refs.1&2 prove several level/rank dualities among different 3d Chern-Simons theories. An important point is that some dualities involve, on one side, a theory that depends on the spin structure, ...
3
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0answers
175 views

Wess-Zumino-Witten vs. Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons and Kac-Moody$.$

There is a really nice (holographic) duality between 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten and 3d Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons models (cf. Ref.1). For example, for a given gauge group $G$, the spectrum of both theories is ...
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1answer
134 views

What makes spin 1/2 anyons special?

If the spectrum of a TQFT contains a fermion, the theory becomes a spin-TQFT, and it depends on the spin structure of the manifold (cf. 1505.05856). On the other hand, if no such anyon exists, the ...
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1answer
239 views

Anyon condensation – what's the precise definition?

Say I have an anyonic system modelled as a Chern-Simons system with group $G$. If the centre of $G$ is non-trivial, one may also study the system described by $G/\Gamma$, where $\Gamma$ is a discrete ...
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0answers
60 views

Why is the semiclassical approximation of the abelian Chern-Simons theory exact?

I was told that in abelian Chern-Simons theory (say, with a general level matrix $K$), semiclassical approximation is exact because there is no trivalent vertex, which in non-abelian case makes the ...