# Questions tagged [tensor-calculus]

Tensor calculus (tensor analysis) is a systematic extension of vector calculus to multivector and tensor fields in a form that is independent of the choice of coordinates on the relevant manifold, but which accounts for respective sub-spaces, their symmetries, and their connections.

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### How can I convert an action in terms of differential forms to tensors?

I have an action of a gravitational theory wich is in terms of differential forms. Now, I need to transform this action (including wedge product and exterior derivative of tetrad and metric ) to an ...
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### Matrix multiplication and tensorial summation convention

I'm reading this introduction to tensors: https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0403252, specifically rules concerning summation convention (ref. page 13): Rule 1. In correctly written tensorial formulas free ...
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### How does a vector field transform under an infinitesimal coordinate transformation?

If I have a vector $X^{\mu}(x)$, and then I consider an infinitesimal coordinate transformation of the form $x^{\mu} \to x^{\mu} + v^{\mu}(x)$, then how does my vector $X^{\mu}(x)$ transform? From ...
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### relativistic addition of velocities using tensor notation? [closed]

I know the way of deriving the formula using usual lorentz transformation formulas,,but is there a way out of deriving it using 4-vector notation??please help
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### Contraction of Kronecker delta = 4 [duplicate]

This suggests, as a shortcut notation, the concept of lowering indices; from any vector we can construct a (0, 1) tensor defined by contraction with the metric: $$A_\nu ≡ g_{\mu\nu}A^\mu$$ so that ...
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### Equivalence of simple formulations of qubit entanglement

I'm reading some very elementary treatments of quantum computation and am unsure about the correspondence among "definitions" of qubit entanglement. One definition states that (1) the bits of a two-...
457 views

### What exactly is $T_{\mu\nu}$?

Continuous matter is described in special relativity by the matter tensor which is the so-called stress-energy-momentum tensor. I am finding a difficulty understanding how a tensorial tool (...
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### Jacobi equation in the book The Large scale structure of space-time

On pp. 79, it is obvious that equation (4.2) \begin{equation} \frac{D}{\partial s}Z^a = {V^a}_{;\ b}Z^b \end{equation} holds, where $Z$ is the deviation vector and $V$ is the unit tangent vector along ...
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### Tensor algebra doubt

Is it possible to take a tensor to the other side of the equation, and the tensor becomes its inverse(i.e contravariant becomes covariant and vice versa)? It is a stupid question, but It confuses me. ...
140 views

### Intuition behind dual vectors ('Bongs of a bell' does not help)

Similar to the post here (How to visualize the gradient as a one-form?), I'm wondering about an intuition behind dual vectors and differential forms (and the link in that answer to Thorne's notes is ...
149 views

### What is the relationship between the formal definition of a tensor and the frequently discussed notion of a “higher order matrix”?

I've been doing some self study on the principles of tensors & manifolds in preparation for a first course in general relativity. I tend to learn better when presented with the full mathematical ...
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### Levi-Civita symbol in Euclidean space

Suppose a component of tensor field is described by $B^k=\varepsilon^{kij} \phi_{ij}$. If we define $B^k$ in an Euclidean space then does the rising or lowering of the indices of the Levi-Civita ...
406 views

### Can I transform electromagnetic tensors by matrix multiplication?

I know that the eletromagnetic field tensor $F^{\mu\nu}$, can be transfomed to another reference frame by $$F^{\alpha\beta} = \varLambda^{\alpha}_{\mu}\varLambda^{\beta}_{\nu}F^{\mu\nu}$$ Since ...
132 views

### Dirac's book *General Theory of Relativity*: Doesn't this show the partial derivative of the metric tensor is zero?

See the bold text for my question. This question regards Dirac's General Theory of Relativity page 13. In his demonstration that the length of a vector is unchanged by parallel displacement Dirac ...
391 views

### Are contravariant basis vectors and basis 1-forms identical?

The reason I'm asking this is because I am trying to develop a set of notes from my reading of MTW (and Wrede, Menzel, Bergman, etc.). I represent covariant basis vectors with $\mathfrak{e}_{i}$, ...
538 views

### The matrix of the Lorentz transformation is or isn't a tensor?

The matrix of the Lorentz transformation isn't a tensor, because it switches the sign of the non-diagonal components during the inverse transformation, right? So it isn't 'basis independent', but the ...
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### Why do we always need quantities to be Lorentz Invariant (LI) in relativity?

In particle physics, for example, we add gauge fields, look for the covariant derivative and so on. All to find the LI form of the Lagrangian. Why do we need the LI form? My impression is that when ...
112 views

### What is not a tensor? [duplicate]

I've been taking GR, and all of a sudden I am not sure that I know the necessary and sufficient requirements of the tensor coefficients. This is because the lecturer asked me to prove that that "there ...
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### Hookes law and objective stress rates

Often, in papers presenting updated Lagrangian simulation methods for solid dynamics, the following procedure for updating the (Cauchy) stress tensor is presented: First, the Cauchy stress tensor is ...
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### Rotation in the x-t plane

I am currently studying special relativity using tensors. My lecture notes (which happen to be publicly accessible, see top of page 99) say that the standard configuration can be viewed as a rotation ...
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### Demostrating possible equivalence of two tensors

Is there anyway to see by inspection that a form like $$a(x^2 )^{-3} (g _{μσ} x_{\rho} x_{ ν} + g_{μρ} x_{σ} x_{ ν} +g_{νσ} x_{ρ} x_{ μ} + g_{ νρ} x_{ σ} x_{ μ} )$$ may be equivalent to (i.e ...
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### Is potential energy a scalar operator?

If a scalar operator $\hat{S}$ is defined as an operator that is invariant under rotations, i.e $$U^\dagger S U = S,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, U=e^{-i\theta\hat{\mathbf{J}}\cdot{\mathbf{n}}}$$ which is ...
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### Lorentz Transformation: Index Notation [duplicate]

I am having some fundamental issues with manipulating Lorentz transformation matrices using index notation. However I'm struggling to pin down what the actual issue is. Hopefully my misunderstanding ...