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Questions tagged [tachyon]

Tachyons are hypothetical particles with imaginary mass and they thus may move faster than light. However, their existence in a theory, indicates an unstable ground state.

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Are tachyons time travelers?

If tachyons are faster than light, that means they have passed a certain point before anyone or anything can “see” them. Theories have mentioned that if anything can go faster than light, then it can ...
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Symmetries on String theory

Recently I was watching and reading about String theory, M-theory and the supersymmetry, when I remembered one question that I had while reading 'The Elegant Universe' by Brian Greene that is: why do ...
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Is the mass of Tachyons real or imaginary?

I have always considered quantities like mass, charge, momentum etc to be completely real quantities as them being imaginary doesn't make much sense to me. But for tachyons to exist, they should have ...
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Understanding causality violation of tachyons in space-time diagrams [duplicate]

I have a hard time understanding how the world lines of tachyons in a space-time diagram imply the violation of causality. Can you explain why that is?
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Is the inverse of the Klein-Gordon equation ever used in physics?

The Klein-Gordon equation (scaling constants) is $$\square u = -m^2 u.$$ I am wondering if the equation $$\square u = m^2 u.$$ for real $m$ ever shows up in the physical literature?
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Would these be the correct equations for the spacetime interval between two events near a non rotating, non charged, relativistic tachyon?

I understand that the equation for the spacetime interval between two events near a non charged, non rotating, bradyon, is $$ds^2=\frac{dx^2}{1-\frac{2GM}{c^2r}}-c^2dt^2\left(1-\frac{2GM}{c^2r}\right)+...
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If tachyons existed, would we modify the theory of relativity?

In relativity tachyons cannot exist and they are theoretically viewed as objects with imaginary mass according to relativity, but since tachyons violate relativity, why do we use this theory to ...
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A Speedless Particle

A classification system for particles based on how fast they can go lists: Bradyons - Particles that go less than the speed of light Luxons - Particles that go at the speed of light Tachyons - ...
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Massless Tachyon in 2D

Referring to a large number of works on 2D bosonic string theory with particular attention on the worldsheet description of 2D black hole solution (cigar CFT) I don't understand why the tachyonic ...
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Does the commutator of two quantum fields $\phi(x)$ and $\phi(y)$ vanish for $(x-y)^2<0$ and $m^2<0$?

The commutator of two free scalar fields at two spacetime points $x$ and $y$ given by $$[\phi(x),\phi(y)]=\int\frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^32E_{\textbf{p}}}[e^{-ip\cdot (x-y)}-e^{ip\cdot (x-y)}]$$ is Lorentz-...
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How do we know tachyons don't exist?

As I mentioned yesterday, Hollywood screenwriter working on a TV pilot about physics trying to get the details right. What empirical evidence is there that tachyons do not exist? I understand that ...
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Cosmological constant in GR can induce vector field tachyons?

A recent question on Light dispersion in gravitational theories, led to an implication that confuses me. It appears that the field equation for a massless vector field travelling in a background with ...
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Problem related to tachyon particles [duplicate]

Are Tachyons practically possible to exist? if they are how can we harness them? I have already tried finding answers but none are satisfactory. please help.
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Complex valued spacetime curvature

I've just been reading about tachyons and tachyonic fields, and although they probably don't exist/are wildly unstable, I'm curious: What does imaginary mass do to spacetime curvature? Does ‘complex ...
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Velocity of massless particles in $\mathrm{AdS}_4$ space-time

In spherical coordinates in a $(1+3)$-dimensional space-time one has the $\mathrm{AdS}_4$ metric $$ds^{2}=-\left(1+k^{2}r^{2}\right)dt^{2}+\left(1+k^{2}r^{2}\right)^{-1}dr^{2}+r^{2}d\Omega ^{2}.$$ ...
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What's the difference between a tachyon and an ordinary bradyon?

I'd like to preemptively apologize for being a bumbling moron, but I can't seem to tell the difference between a tachyon and a bradyon. It seems to me that if a tachyon moves symmetrically backward ...
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If Tachyons exists, can they escape event horizon?

I was just wondering that, Tachyons travel faster than the speed of light. So in theory, if Tachyons exists can they escape event horizon?
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Does a theory exist with a symmetry between a tachyonic and non-tachyonic mass points which preserves the normal laws of the mechanic?

Does a theory exist with a symmetry, which mirrors the tachyon mass points to non-tachyon mass points and vice versa? I think, it would be very beautiful, despite that there are strong theoretical ...
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What are the expression for Energy and Momentum of tachyons in terms of their 'rest mass'?

We examine the possibility of tachyons under the criteria that they form the energy momentum four vector that transforms according to Lorentz Transformations. Therefore, $E$$'$ $=\displaystyle\frac{...
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Can a particle have an imaginary mass?

Now, I'm not very involved in the physical sciences, beyond some high-school classes - though I did listen to some college lectures for physics. I was reading "Do Tachyons Exist?" by John Baez, which ...
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What is meant by open-string tachyon scattering amplitude?

It was said here that Veneziano derived: open-string tachyon scattering amplitude from principles of Regge theory and S-matrix theory and used the Euler beta-function to make all the critical ...
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Tachyons and Lorentz velocity transformation

In general, is it possible to apply the Lorentz velocity transformation to a tachyon? I have tried to do so but the results seemed very illogical. Here's my attempt: suppose an evil spaceship named ...
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General theorems on tachyon propagation?

I was reading the quite nice answer of QMechanic on the topic of compact support tachyon fields not propagating faster than light, but this case is a rather simple one, free scalar field in flat space....
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Tomorrowland movie and tachyons? [duplicate]

Would be possible if tachyonic existed to send info to the past or see the future? since the tachyons according to special relativity could travel to the past? i have searched in wikipedia and the ...
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Would a tachyon be able to escape a black hole?

Or at least escape from a portion of the hole inside the photon horizon?
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Can pure-bosonic string theories exist in curved spacetime?

Question: Can there be a consistent non-supersymmetric pure-bosonic string theory in some curved spacetimes? Reason: Since fields with certain amount of negative mass can exist in curved spacetime (...
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Closed timelike curves in the spin-2 gravity formalism

Let's say we take some topologically trivial CTC spacetime, like the Gödel metric: $$ds^2 = -dt^2 - 2e^{\sqrt{2}\Omega y} dt dx - \frac{1}{2}e^{\sqrt{2}\Omega y} dx^2 + dy^2 + dz^2$$ And then I ...
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Can tachyons escape the gravitational pull of a classical black hole?

Anything that crosses the event horizon of a black hole cannot escape the pull since it has crossed the Schwarzschild radius and thus, the escape velocity is greater than the speed of light, and since ...
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Tachyons and the light barrier

I read somewhere that if something breaks the light barrier, i.e. a tachyon, that it will take infinite energy to make it go slower than the speed of light. So, does that mean that the object will ...
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Is there any theory in physics that might support the existence of tachyons?

According to Einstein, we all know that light is the fastest thing and it's impossible to beat it's speed. But isn't there a way to go around this? I read somewhere that tachyons gain speed per the ...
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Do tachyons move faster than light?

I am trying to understand whether or not tachyons travel faster than light. The linked Wikipedia page shows some seemingly contradictory statements, and they are confusing. For instance, the first ...
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If tachyons existed, would we notice them?

In special relativity the space-time can be seen as a static four-dimensional picture that contains the entire past and the future of a flat universe. And the patterns in it are subject to several ...
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What is the motivation behind the GSO projection in superstring theory?

I do agree that the GSO "works", making the number of degrees of freedom match on the bosonic and fermionic side and that it sweeps away the problematic tachyon. However it is very artificial, it ...
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Could dark matter/dark energy turn out to be tachyonic?

Today, I was watching the Inexplicable Universe with Neil deGrasse Tyson. He spoke about Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and then he spoke about Tachyons. Naively, I thought what if the reason we can't ...
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If tachyons were real, where would they originate from? [closed]

If the hypothetical tachyon existed, where would it possibly originate from? or is this question off the realms within the current state of physics. Also what are some ways physicist have tried to ...
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What're some criticisms of the paper “Six observations consistent with the electron neutrino being a tachyon with mass: mνe² = −0.11±0.016 eV²”?

Today I read about this paper making the case that neutrinos have imaginary mass and travel faster than light. I want to get excited, but I have no way to know how likely it is that this paper will be ...
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Gravitational coupling of tachyons

Can General Relativity stress-energy tensor be extended to include contributions from imaginary mass tachyons? what would be the expected gravitational coupling between tachyons and tardions?
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How do tachyons violate causality?

Something moving faster than light should have imaginary mass, like photons have zero mass and thus travel at $c$. I have read this article of physicist E. C. George Sudarshan. He said taking mass ...
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Tachyonic field

i'm working on a paper about symmetron cosmology. symmetron is a scalar field that by its symmetry breaking can explain the dark energy. the action is: ans A , V are assumed to be: where M and ...
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How is it that a tachyon is faster than $c$? [closed]

I remember reading that a tachyon is faster than light, but am still confused as to how and if they could exist in our universe?
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Confinement of charged tachyons in AdS spacetime

It is well known that the negative cosmological constant of AdS spacetime can act like a confining potential. That is, in contrast to asymptotically flat spacetime, in an asymptotically AdS spacetime ...
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If tachyons exist, what would they do to spacetime?

Mass (Positive) bends space-time generating gravity. If Tachyons are supposed to have imaginary mass, what would they do to spacetime (if they do exist).
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What if photons are not the fastest particles?

Einstein originally thought that special relativity was about light and how it always travelled at the same speed. Nowadays, we think that special relativity is about the idea that there is some ...
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Concerning a previous possible tachyon observation? [duplicate]

A few years ago there was a story about the Large Hadron Collider where a possible tachyon was supposedly observed. It was later shown it didn't occur yet the incident made me think. If a large ...
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What would happen if some signal could move faster than light?

The two postulates of STR doesn't say that any signal cannot move faster than light. It also doesn't assert that any signal except light cannot have velocity equals to that of light. So at the very ...
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Would the horizon of a black hole be different for a tachyon than for subluminal matter or photons?

One of the most useful black hole analogies I've seen imagines that space is "flowing" like a river into a black hole, and the point at which it flows in faster than c is the horizon. This analogy ...
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A question about the Weyl transformation for the vertex operator of the closed-string tachyon

I met a problem of derving the Weyl transformation on the closed-string tachyon, Eq. (3.6.8) in Polchinski's string theory, vol 1, p 103. Given the vertax operator of the closed-string tachyon $$...
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Vertex operator for closed string tachyon

The problem related to this post, but my question is even more elementary. In p 101 of Polchinski's string theory vol I, it is stated Using the state-operator mapping, the vertex operator for the ...
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Why does tachyon arise in bosonic string theory?

I am looking for precise mathematical and physical reasons which cause the presence of tachyon in bosonic string theory(specially closed bosonic string theory). Has it to do with the specific form of ...
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Are Electromagnetic Waves The Only Means of Transmitting Information?

We've been using EMF to transmit energy (information) for over a century. I was wondering is there any other way to send a message on long distances, even faster than EMF waves can travel? For example ...