Questions tagged [structural-beam]

A structural element whose length greatly exceeds both its width and height, which are of the same order of magnitude.

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FFT plot not aligning with lower natural frequencies

I have a cantilever beam with gapped springs on top and bottom and an impulse is given at the free end initially. I modelled it using finite element method with 30 elements. The beam then oscillates ...
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Is Euler–Bernoulli beam theory still correct for non-constant (but continuous) beam cross-section?

How can I use Euler–Bernoulli beam theory for non-constant beam cross-section ? The beam is modeled as a continuous cone of known inner and outer diameters (both a function of $x$ the distance from ...
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Strength Calculation of a Simply Supported 3D rectangular beam Under Loading As Shown In Image Attached

For a 2D and 3D circular beam we can easily calculate the strength of beam and reactions using beam theory. The same can be used for 2D rectangular plate. Also for a 3D rectangular plate with uniform ...
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How to find Shear Force and Bending Moment in Finite Element Method for a cantilever beam with many elements

I have a cantilever beam with lots of elements. I am trying to find the sheer force and bending moment diagrams of the beam. EVERY SINGLE TUTORIAL AND EXAMPLE I SAW ONLINE SHOWS HOW TO DO IT FOR A ...
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Transverse Vibrations of a Cantilever beam. Why does the % change in nth natural frequency increases with n in this case?

This is the problem in detail I have a cantilever beam. Now I am making it stand upright and adding water for different heights of SUBMERGENCE I am doing this by adding an ADDED MASS term from the ...
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Why is the strain independent of the type of material (in beam bending)?

When a beam is bended, the strain that is produced above and below the neutral axis is proportional to the curvature of the beam and varies linearly with the distance from the neutral axis. But why is ...
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As a pulsar beam is a gaussian beam does its diffraction depend on its cross section area?

Some point lasers with cross section area of few milimeters have a range of several kilometers. There is a angle of diffraction or spreading out of the beam that depends on frequency of the beam but ...
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Deriving an equation for the SHM of a cantilever beam with a mass attached at the free end

I'm a high school student doing a research paper on the vibration of cantilever beams. Specifically, I am investigating the relationship between the mass on a cantilever beam and the time period of ...
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If the range of a laser depends on its crossection perimeter does it mean that a wider beam would reach much longer distances?

If the range of a laser depends on its crossection perimeter does it mean that a wider beam would reach much longer distances? Let pressume that we can construct a 1m wide laser beam and as we know ...
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Doubt in derivation of bending of beam, It's about derivatives and intergration

Radius of curvature of the beam in above picture is given as: $$ \frac{1}{R} = \frac{d^2 y}{dx^2}$$ Please help me two points used as steps of a derivation in my book: How was the radius of ...
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Why two wires are used in railway overhead equipment? [closed]

While watching the train video's I came across this overhead wires. After searching on internet I found that both catenary and contact wires carry same voltage and connected by vertical wires called ...
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Deformation of gradually applied load vs impact loads?

When a load P is applied gradually on an object, the work done on it is the average of the initial and final loads, which is generally P/2 multiplied by the deflection Δ1. In the case of impact load, ...
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Inconsistent units in modal analysis of vibrating beam

(read the last sentence for the actual question). Consider an elastically suspended solid body from a massless cantilever beam The equations of motion of such a system are $$\begin{bmatrix}m\\ & ...
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Do inertia affect stiffness matrix of beam?

Refering to a pdf I uploaded at here. Why does these stiffness matrix displacement do not need to consider the inertia (determines the shape of cross-sectional area of each element) ? I have always ...
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An intuitive reason for the fourth derivative in the beam equation?

The appearance of the second derivative (or Laplacian in higher dimensions) in the diffusion equation ($u_t=u_{xx}$) and the wave equation ($u_{tt}=u_{xx}$) seems intuitive to me. The quantity simply ...
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The state of a Stress element isolated from a beam

Consider a beam subjected to an arbitrary loading, where the loads are only present in the plane of bending. The x-y plane is the plane of bending. If I take a stress element in the beam, there will ...
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Twisting Solid Steel Bar - Annealed, Hardened or Doesn't mater? [closed]

Workshop project underway... Been decades since I was in a physics class. Building something out of steel - options are mild steel 1018 and alloy steel 4140 that can be hardened by heat treatment. ...
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How a fixed support which allows lateral contraction and expansion will look like?

I stumbled upon an exercise problem wherein it was asked to calculate the change in lateral dimensions of a bar fixed between two immovable supports, when temperature of the bar is increased by $\...
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Stiffness of a Cantilever Beam

I was wondering that for a Cantilever beam subjected to point load at extreme end. Does the stiffness goes on changing as the deflection of free end changes? Logically it should provide more ...
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Would bolting four 3" square tubes to an existing 3" square tube (one per side) increase rigidity? [closed]

I had a pier fabricated for my telescope consisting of a 1/4" steel plate, 10" diameter, bolted to a concrete pad. A 3" by 34" square steel tube is welded to the base plate and ...
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Can I approximate an electron beam in the air to a Gaussian beam?

We have used an electron beam (with energy of 6 MeV, used for treatment of cancer patients) and calculated the received dosage. The experiment was set up with a stationary sensor at length ...
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How does the load on the tip a cantilever affect how long it continues vibrating after release?

I'm considering a situation in which a load is applied to the tip of a cantilever. After the release of the load, the cantilever oscillates, but due to an energy loss to the environment (which I think ...
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Derivation of dynamic nonlinear equation of motion of cantilever beam

Is it possible to derive the EOM of an inextensible cantilever beam without using any kind of variational principle I mean is it possible to derive it from Newton's law only? Note: of course This ...
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Difference between bending equation of cantilever beam and dynamic equation of motion

What is the difference between Bending Equation of cantilever beam and dynamic equation of cantilever beam? Is it possible to derive one from the other?
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Angular damping on a cable segment caused by internal friction

I'm using a physics engine to simulate a cable made of cylinder-shaped segments connected by ball socket constraints. My understanding is there will be some angular damping on the segments cause the ...
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What is the mathematical description of a point torque (or point couple) singularity?

Suppose that a concentrated (point) force is exerted at the origin of a 3D dimensional space along the direction $\boldsymbol{e}$. Mathematically, this could be prescribed in terms of a delta Dirac ...
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Will a platform only supported by a column in the center fall? (Excluding weather)

My friend told me that without wind, a building with a platform that only has a column supporting it would be balanced and not fall, given that there is no wind. I said that the platform would fall ...
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Adding tension to a model of a Timoshenko beam?

I am interested in modeling a Timoshenko beam. However, I would also like to add tension to the beam so that it can vibrate like a string as well as a beam. The Timoshenko beam is described at that ...
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How is this basic equation of a Timoshenko beam derived?

I am trying to learn how to model a Timoshenko beam which is described here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timoshenko%E2%80%93Ehrenfest_beam_theory There are a few things I can't understand but the ...
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Why is shear force half the total force?

When applying a perpendicular force to a beam which is fixed on either side then the shear force is given by $V=\frac12 F$. My intuition says that this is because the force $F$ is distributed over two ...
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Catenary shape of transmission lines

When flexible metal transmission lines are hung between two poles, the shape they assume to minimize the action of gravitational and tensile forces is a called a catenary. While assuming that shape, ...
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Swords and wing flutter

In order to retain structural integrity it is understandable that a sword has to be flexible enough to be able to absorb impact without shattering and rigid enough to not be bent due to it. Is this ...
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Simple cantilever beam deflection - what is the simplest way to add a damper?

I am looking at a simple cantilever beam deflection: I understand the general expression for deflection/force would be: $y_s = \frac{Fx_s^3}{3EI}$ $F_p = \frac{3y_sEI}{x_s^3}$ If you were going to ...
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Why buckling is described by the maths of the harmonic oscillator?

Is this a coincidence or there is a more deep connection between the notion of the harmonic oscillator and the notion of buckling?
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How do I account for damping on structural vibrations?

I want to know what terms to add to the differential equation for structural vibrations to account for structural damping. Not external damping, but internal damping. I consider the transfer of energy ...
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Tower of building blocks

Why does a tower of building blocks (cubes) fall? Theoretically, as long as the center-of-mass is above the blocks' bottom faces, and as long as one does not shake the tower too much, it should not ...
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Shear stresses in a rectangular beam

To find the shear stress at point A in the beam above using the equation τ=VQ/(It), how do you decide which value of thickness to use? Is it correct to use a value of 100 mm because the cut segment at ...
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Why does the LASER beam quality factor (M^2) use squared value?

Why does the LASER beam quality factor (M^2) use squared value? Why not using just M? i.e., Why define beam quality factor as $M^2 = \frac{BPP_{Real}}{BPP_{fundamental}}$ not $M = \frac{BPP_{Real}}{...
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Intuitive approach to cantilever deflection based on beam length

A high schooler like me asked a question on here regarding the equations used for cantilever deflection, inquiring about derivations. It turns out the derivation is learnt in the first or second year ...
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Using preload to resist bending moment on an unfixed cantilever beam

I have a cantilever beam that is resting against a wall (not fixed) and will not slide (strictly looking at bending moments). The beam of length = $0.3 \;\text{m}$ is under a distributed load of $4000 ...
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How does stress "propagate" in beams?

I'm studying structural mechanics and I have been stuck on a thought. I drew a very simple cantilever beam situation. If I make a fictional cut like in my fig.1, I will be in the situation of the ...
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Do I have to compute the second moment along principal axes to calculate the maximum deflection of a cantilever beam with irregular cross-section?

Do I have to compute the area moment of inertia along the principal axis of the cross-section, in order to find the maximum beam deflection of a cantilever beam with a random polygonal cross-section? ...
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Timoshenko Beam with sliding boundary conditions at angle

I would like to calculate the effective stiffness of a structure which can be represented as follows: (Image source: Link to paper with image.) The yellow part is flexible and the blue is a rigid-...
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Confusion between statically determinate and indeterminate beams

Why is it that statically determinate beams can take some degree of misfits without any generation of strains or stress, but not statically indeterminate beams?
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Differential Equation - Why do beams break?

I've never studied physics before and I'm a Maths major. But I do have a physics-related differential equation question which I need help on. Given the beam deflection equation: $$F(x) = EI \frac{d^...
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Best location for supports of a horizontal beam?

What are the best locations for placement of $y$ supports for a beam of length $x$? This seems like a very basic physics question, but I have been unable to find the answer. Perhaps I am not sure ...
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Euler beam equation sign confusion

Euler beam equation is defined as follows: $$M=-EI{\frac {d^{2}w}{dx^{2}}}$$ There is a negative sign, so if the second derivative of the deflection is negative, the moment is positive. When the ...
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Deflection of L bracket [closed]

I want to calculate the deflection for an L bracket like https://imgur.com/a/0PabX0T to determine how thick I will need to make the steel for a workshop shelf. I have done the calculation using the ...
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Cantilever Beam Deflection with load in middle of beam

How can I calculate the deflection of a Cantilever beam if there is a load at different points on the beam? My current scenario is the following → I have a ruler that I have modelled to be cantilever ...
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Cantilever beam with a mass at different positions and resonance frequency [duplicate]

I have a Cantilever beam attached to vibration generator at the bottom. I have a piece of blu tac of some mass and I move it down the ruler. Whilst moving it down I notice the resonance frequency of ...