Questions tagged [spinors]

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6
votes
2answers
752 views

Conceptual interpretation of the left- and right-handed spinor representations of the Lorentz group

I understand mathematically that the Lorentz group's Lie algrebra $\mathfrak{so(3,1)}$ (given by eqns. (33.11)-(33.13) in Srednicki's QFT book) is isomorphic to $\mathfrak{su(2) \times su(2)}$ (given ...
4
votes
2answers
393 views

What spinor field corresponds to a forwards moving positron?

When we search for spinor solutions to the Dirac equation, we consider the 'positive' and 'negative' frequency ansatzes $$ u(p)\, e^{-ip\cdot x} \quad \text{and} \quad v(p)\, e^{ip\cdot x} \,,$$ ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

The spinor metric, basic spinor calculations and spinor indices

I'm currently reading the textbook "Finite Quantum Electrodynamics" by Günter Scharf, but I find myself stuck already on page 24. Background Scharf introduces the index-raising symbol (spinor metric)...
1
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1answer
37 views

Some counting of field degrees of freedom for a classical spin-1/2 Dirac field

A classical real scalar field admits a decomposition $$\phi(x)\sim a_pe^{-ip\cdot x}+a_p^*e^{+ip\cdot x}$$ which tells that at each $x$, there exists a real number i.e., one degree of freedom at each ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Almost complex structure $J_i^j$ from covariantly constant spinor $\eta$

In the context of superstring compactification on a 6-manifold which admits a covariantly conserved spinor $\eta$, which we normalize so that $\eta^{\dagger} \eta = 1$, I am trying to show that the ...
4
votes
2answers
415 views

Relation between spinors and anticommutation relation of fermions

I read that the state of a pair of particles is the tensor product of the single states of both, and you will get a wavefunction with the parameters of both, if you swap the parameters you will get a ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Why does the majorana equation preserve handedness?

In the "QFT Nutshell" by A. Zee, it is stated that The Majorana equation is $$i\not\partial\psi=m\psi_c$$ where $\psi_c$ is the charge conjugated spinor $\psi_c = \left(C\gamma^0\right)\psi^*$....
0
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2answers
287 views

Do I need Gamma matrices in Majorana representation in the Lagrangian of a Majorana fermion?

I understand that the Majorana representation of the Gamma matrices are the real representations of the associated Clifford algebra. A Majorana fermion is defined as a fermion that equals to its ...
0
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1answer
115 views

Calculating the expectation value of a spin operator in a uniform magnetic field

I'm trying Usually for these types of questions, I'm used to the field being in a specific direction. For example, if the field was in the z direction, I could find this solution by checking |< ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Connection between two Petrov classification schemes

For the Weyl scalars of all spacetimes, at any point, possess one special structure, the so called principal null directions. Consider a general null tetrad $\{ l_a,n_a,m_a,\overline{m}_a \}$, we ...
3
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1answer
719 views

Confusion about Dirac mass term

In chiral basis, $\psi=\begin{pmatrix} \psi_L\\ \psi_R \end{pmatrix}$ and therefore, $\overline\psi=\psi^\dagger\gamma^0=\begin{pmatrix} \psi^\dagger_L & \psi^\dagger_R \end{pmatrix}\gamma^0=\...
8
votes
3answers
362 views

Spin vs orbital angular momenta in QFT

I couldn't find past answers that quite match what I wanted, so I will try to ask in slightly different manner. In QM, we have total angular momentum operator $\vec{J}$ (I dropped the hat for ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Lorentz invariance from Dirac spinor

I have a really naive question that I didn't manage to explain to myself. If I consider SUSY theory without R-parity conservation there exist an operator that mediates proton decay. This operator is $...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

A Question About $4$-Spinor Contractions

Let $f_{abc}$ be a constant which is totally anti-symmetric with respect to indices $a$, $b$ and $c$. Let $\psi^{a}$, $\psi^{b}$, $\psi^{c}$ and $\epsilon$ be Grassmann-valued Majorana fermions. How ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Spin Sums & Conservation of Angular Momentum

External fermions and bosons have momentum and spin (polarization) degrees of freedom. E.g. decay rate of $t\rightarrow W^{+}+\bar{b}$ with an unpolarized t beam. Peskin & Schröder sum over t, $\...
0
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0answers
45 views

Relativistic quantum field theory

Let $\psi(x)$ be solution of Dirac equation $$ (\gamma^\mu\Pi_\mu-mc) \psi(x)=0 $$ where $\Pi_\mu=i\partial_\mu-eA_\mu$ is momentum operator in present electromagnetic field . We consider tow ...
0
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0answers
33 views

What does it mean to take the tensor product of two reps of the Lorentz group? [duplicate]

If I reduce the Lorentz group to the representation $\mathfrak{su}(2)\oplus \mathfrak{su}(2)$, I can write left and right-handed Weyl spinors respectively as $\left( \frac{1}{2},0 \right)$ and $\left(...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

Dirac equation in 1+1D spacetime compared to “standard” 3+1D Dirac equation

In the past couple of weeks I've been studying the Dirac equation and its solutions. During a discussion with a tutor it was pointed out to me that one could formulate something similar to the Dirac ...
5
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1answer
150 views

Coupling a spinor field to a preexisting scalar field?

So I'm not a physicist, but I'm thinking about a mathematical problem where I think physical insight might be useful. We're working on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (positive definite metric) with a ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Why would a spinor transform under Lorentz transformations?

From my understanding of spinors, they arise as projective representations of $SO_0(1,3)$ that do not correspond to representations of $SO_0(1,3)$. But still one says here - and virtually everywhere - ...
1
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1answer
158 views

Massless Weyl spinor components

Let's say there is a massless Weyl spinor moving in an arbitrary direction $n$. What are the analytical solutions for the two components of this spinor?
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0answers
63 views

Derivation of the spin connection in curved spacetime

I am trying to understand the derivation of spin connection from the book "Quantum Field theory in Curved spacetime" by L. Parker and D. Toms. In chapter 5, page 223, they have written (which I am ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Quantized value of spin angular momentum and underlying mysteries

I think the quantized value of the spin angular momentum is $\hbar/2 $ rather than $\hbar $ is the basic reason for the $4\pi$ rotation of a wave function to retain its initial state again? Is it true?...
0
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1answer
203 views

Finding the direction of a Spin-State

Given a non normalized state, find the direction of the state $\chi$?: $$ \chi = (1+i)\chi_{+}^{z}-(1+i\sqrt{3})\chi_{-}^{z}$$ Where $\chi_{+}^{z}, \chi_{-}^{z}$ are eigenstates of $S_{z}$. I know ...
7
votes
4answers
320 views

Position representation of spin states and spin operators

How can we represent a spin states $ \lvert S_x:+\rangle, \lvert S_y:+\rangle,\lvert S_z:+\rangle ,\lvert S_x:-\rangle, \lvert S_y:-\rangle $ and $\lvert S_z:-\rangle$ in position representation ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Completeness relation of spin matrices

I was reading Hugh Osborne's notes on Conformal Field theory and came across a completeness relation which seems easy to prove but I am unable to do it. ${(s_{\mu\nu})}_{\alpha}^{\beta}{(s^{\mu\nu})}...
0
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0answers
43 views

Spinor transformations as representations of $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{C})$

Background In the Weyl representation of the Dirac $\gamma$-matrices, the spinor transformations $S=e^{\frac{1}{2} \omega_{\alpha \beta} \Sigma^{\alpha \beta}} \in \,\mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{L}} \leq \...
2
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1answer
91 views

Dirac equation derivation

I am working through a set of lecture notes containing a derivation of the Dirac equation following the historical route of Dirac. It states that Dirac postulated a hermitian first-order differential ...
1
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1answer
179 views

Different definitions of the parity transformation for the Dirac spinors

There are two definitions of the parity transformation acting on the Dirac spinors: $\Psi_P = \eta \gamma^0 \Psi$ with $\eta = i$ ($P^2=-1$ as in Srednicki) and $\eta=1$ ($P^2=+1$ as in Peskin & ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Adjoint of Weyl Spinor

Given a (Dirac), spinor in the Weyl basis, $\psi = \begin{pmatrix} \psi_{L}\\ \psi_{R} \end{pmatrix} $ , where $\psi_{L}$ and $\psi_{R}$ are Weyl spinors we define the adjoint of the Dirac spinor as; ...
1
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0answers
31 views

What does a supercharge physically conserve? [duplicate]

What is actually being conserved? I've calculated it for the Wess-Zumino model but I still have no idea what is actually being conserved due to Noether's Theorem. There is already a similar question, ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

What's the reasoning behind propagators definitions (specifically fermionic propagators)

I'm studying QFT by David Tong's lecture notes. When he discusses causility with real scalar fields, he defines the propagator as $$D(x-y)=\left\langle0\right|\phi(x)\phi(y)\left|0\right\rangle=\int\...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Setting spinors and $SU(2)$ representations on the same patch

I am sorry for the naivety of this question, I am a mathematician and I am trying to put together different ideas. I am trying to understand the vocabulary of physics, in particular, I want to know: ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Dirac equation in curved spacetime

As we know, the laws of physics in curved spacetime are obtained to lowest order by upgrading the flat space laws by substituting partial derivatives with the appropriate covariant derivatives. In the ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Dirac spinor as null vectors

In this paper, on page 9, the authors show that a spinor is equivalent to a null vector with a bit of extra structure (just one real parameter I think?): https://arxiv.org/abs/1312.3824 They then go ...
14
votes
7answers
1k views

Does spin have anything to do with a rate of change?

The orbital angular momentum of a particle can be related to the revolution of that particle about some external axis. But in quantum mechanics, the spin angular momentum of a particle can't really ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Why is Dirac equation a matrix equation?

According to Wikipedia's Dirac equation article, the Dirac equation can be written in form $$ i\hbar\gamma^{\mu}\partial_{\mu}\psi-mc\psi=0, $$ where $\gamma^{\mu}$ are gamma matrices which are $4 \...
0
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1answer
123 views

polarized trace

Lets say I want to calculate the following Trace $\mathrm{Tr}[u^{s_1}(p)~\bar{u}^{s_2}(p)~\gamma^{\mu}\not p~ \not q~ \not p~ \gamma^\nu]$ Now if I consider unpolaized case then $s_1=s_2=s$ and I ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Demonstration of identities appearing in Dirac spinors in the chiral representation

Using the chiral representation of the gamma matrices, Peskin and Schroeder arrive in some expressions for the 4-component spinors $u(p)$ and $v(p)$ in terms of a square root of the Pauli matrices ...
0
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1answer
210 views

Do the eigenstates of the Pauli operators correspond to the six directions of the 3D world?

I understand that the six eigenstates of the three Pauli operators $X, Y, Z$ correspond to the six poles of the Bloch sphere. By fixing an orthonormal basis of our physical word, does "measuring Pauli ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Dirac spinor for arbitrary momentum

In many treatments of the Dirac equation (e.g. Peskin and Schroder, pages 45-46) after subbing in $\psi(x) = e^{-ix_\mu p^\mu}u(\vec p)$, with $u$ a constant spinor, into the Dirac equation, we ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Legal values of spin-1/2 field can take: $\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{H}$, .. (Grassmann)?

For the spin-1/2 fermion field $\psi$, we may choose it to be a spinor which needs to be Grassmann variable but can also be complex $\mathbb{C}$ Grassmann. (Dirac or Weyl spinor/fermion) We can ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Varying the Dirac action with differential forms

The Dirac action in a curved spacetime can be written in terms of the vierbein $\{ e^a \}$ and spin connection $\{ \omega^{ab} \}$ differential forms. Let the spinor field $\psi$ be interpreted as a ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Identities of Pauli matrices in two-component spinor formalism

I'm reading the review by H. K. Dreiner, H. E. Haber and S. P. Martin (arXiv:0812.1594) about the two-component spinor formalism. There are some identities and notational conventions which lead to ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Hund's Rule Coupling in an Effective Hamiltonian/Lagrangian

I am reading a book on Skyrmions, and I am at the part where the interaction of skyrmions with electrons is discussed. The chapter speaks of Spin-Transfer Torque (STT) and makes the following ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Majorana mass term

I see somewhere that we can add a Majorana mass term, $m\psi^Ti\sigma^2\psi+h.c.$, to a Weyl fermion Lagrangian, where $\psi$ is a two-component spinor. However, it seems that this term simply ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Can gamma matrices be real in 6 dimensions?

I'm trying to find the really real representation of 6D gamma matrices. The problem is that "do they really exist?" If yes, then how am I supposed to construct them? Thank you!
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Schwartz's book: Spinor-helicity formalism

I'm trying to learn the spinor-helicity formalism from Schwartz's QFT book. His equation 27.44 is describes the annihilation of an electron(1)-positron(2) pair to a muon(3)-antimuon(4) pair. He ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Transformation of Vectors

let $\Psi \in V$ be a vector and we have the action of a lorentz transformation on the object $\sigma_2 \Psi $. And $\sigma_2 \Psi $ is then in V as well. V is "Weyl or Dirac space". And the lorentz ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Fierz identities and Weinberg operator

I've been told that $$ (\bar{L_i^c}\widetilde{\phi}^{\ *})(\widetilde{\phi}^\dagger L_k) = -\frac{1}{2}(\bar{\widetilde{L}}_i \vec{\sigma}L_k)(\widetilde{\phi}^\dagger \vec{\sigma} \phi) \tag1 $$ by ...