Questions tagged [resonance]

Resonance is a characteristic of physical systems having a structure that allows energy to flow between various states at a specific, oscillatory rate (resonant frequency). For a stable resonant system at steady state the internal energy is either fixed without losses or the rate of energy input is equal to the energy losses.

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388 views

Calculating the resonant frequency of a metal pin

Is there a way to calculate the required diameter of a cylindrical metal (let's say aluminum) pin of a fixed length so that it has a specific resonant frequency? Let's say I have an aluminum pin that ...
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Does resonance just depends upon the frequency of the external periodic force and the natural frequency of an object?

I am a little confused about the phenomenon of resonance, I read that it occurs when the frequency of an external force matches the natural frequency of an object. So, it was given that soldiers ...
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Electron spin resonance

What is the principle of electron spin resonance? I'm performing an experiment in which I've a DPPH(paramagnetic) sample and I'm trying to find out the lande's factor using ESR setup. My problem is I'...
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94 views

Closed end tube with anti-node

The experiment was about creating a sound wave inside a close ended resonance tube and finding the locations of maximum and minimum amplitude. (after adjusting the tube length that makes a standing ...
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56 views

Resonance frequency and impedance of a piezoelectric element

I am reading about piezoelectric elements, and I have some questions in that regard. I have come across a graph showing the impedance as a function of frequency. Some spikes occurs on the graph at ...
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134 views

How to determine resonance frequency of a piezoceramic element?

Lets say we have a circular piezoelectric element with radius R and height H. We assume that the piezoelectric element has density $\rho$. How do you find the resonance frequency ? Is there a formula ...
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Difference between resonance and the synchronization of coupled oscillator

I was reading about phase synchronization of coupled oscillator where the oscillators are synchronized by an applied field. Now the coupled oscillators are synchronized. So my question is that what is ...
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2answers
150 views

How are standing wave patterns created in tubes?

I get how standing wave patterns are created in strings: At a certain resonance/natural frequency of the string, a standing wave is created, increasing the amplitude of the sound, and standing waves ...
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Ocean Frequencies

I'm a musician studying at uni. For an assessment I'm taking an idea for instrumental tuning which relies on a combination of Pythagorean tuning and Schumann resonances. Whilst Schumann resonance I ...
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Is resonance an energy eigenstate?

In the particle physics book of Martin & Shaw, they used QM to derive the decay distribution, namely, breit wigner formula. What confused me was that, here they assumed the resonance state $\psi_0 ...
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What is the best material to be detected by hearing-wave sonar?

I would like to find a material which could very noticeably reflect or absorb a sound wave frequency between 20Hz and 22kHz, preferably in a grassy or organic nature environment. Preferably this would ...
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86 views

The source of vibration on a Chladni plate

By changing the location of the vibration on a circular Chladni plate, I found that the patterns change for the same frequencies at which the plate was vibrated from the centre. What effect does the ...
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Why an open tube at both ends suffers resonance? [duplicate]

Why an open tube at both ends suffers resonance when subjected to a sound that propagates through the air with length of where $L / 2$? I already know the methodology to calculate the harmonics in an ...
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Resonance and energy flow

In this post, Alfred Centauri describes the resonance as a phenomenon which appears when 'the energy flow from the driving source is unidirectional' and then shows that this is the case for $\Omega=\...
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How to find the resonant frequency of any column of air?

So for a research project I need to predict what the resonant frequency of a air column in a vessel will be . The problem is that these vessels are not cylindrical or any common shape. So I need to be ...
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Fiber ring resonators versus microresonators

Fiber ring resonators made of multimode fiber are capable of supporting multiple spatial modes. Even fiber ring resonators made of single mode fiber can, under favorable conditions, support a few ...
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Harmonic Oscillator (2DOF) - Do these results seem correct?

I solved a 2DOF system for a buried harmonic oscillator with a forcing function, but I'm not sure what I should be seeing in terms of resonant frequency shift & velocity. The resonant frequency of ...
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Why choosing for prime numbers eliminates vibration?

I have read that the spokes of a car wheel are usually five because, besides other substantial reasons, five being a prime number helps to reduce vibrations. The same also happens with the numbers of ...
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Does putting a part under stress change its natural frequency?

It is easy to imagine how tension changes the natural frequency of a wire. Intuitively it happens with a guitar string when you bend the neck. However, does putting a beam under stress (internal or ...
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Electromagnet produces sound from hollow pipe

I have wrapped around a 80cm metal pipe some copper wire and attempted to produce an electromagnet. The electromagnet works nonetheless from the extremities of the metal pipe a sound is being produced ...
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834 views

Longest ringing/resonating object [closed]

I am interested in objects which resonate or ring for as long as possible. In particular, I am interested in Crotales (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotales), and if it is possible to make a longer ...
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1answer
108 views

Why are higher frequencies amplified less by filling a bottle with warmer water instead of colder water?

Out of curiosity I was trying to figure out what makes the sound of hot water versus cold water filling a bottle different, but I'm unable to find any explanation as to why such differences occur. ...
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5answers
350 views

What is the reason behind resonance?

At the technical highschool that I attend, the instructor said that the cause of resonance is that energies increase differently. Kinetic energy increases quadratically and potential linearly, so the ...
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Faraday waves and Chladni plates

I am a High school student who's writing a research paper about Faraday waves and Chladni plates. I've been doing a lot of research on Faraday waves specifically, as there aren't many sources that can ...
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345 views

Resonant frequencies in air filled closed cylinder

I want to calculate the resonant frequencies of a closed cylinder covered with rigid walls. The cylinder is of dimensions: diameter = $1m$, length = $1m$. Would this fundamental mode formula be ...
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How is “linewidth” defined for a damped driven oscillator?

Suppose we have a damped driven harmonic oscillator governed by the following equation of motion: $$\ddot \phi(t) + 2 \beta \dot \phi(t) + \omega_0^2 \phi(t) = J(t) \, .$$ In the case that $J(t) = A \...
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Is there a way to calculate the $Q$-factor?

I’d like to calculate the $Q$-factor for an acoustically resonating object. I’d like to keep the tests to a minimal, none if possible. Is there any way to do this?
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How to calculate the amplitude increase by resonance?

If you know the natural frequency of an object, how would one calculate how much the amplitude increases because of resonance? I would imagine it would depend on the material?
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Vibrating string as a dynamic system

It's known first order dynamical systems had one energy storage (example C, in RC circuits) these systems act as a filter but don't resonate, on the other hand a second order system had two energy-...
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2answers
301 views

Loudspeaker attached to cylinder - closed or open?

I have a loudspeaker that is facing into a long cylindrical piece of PVC pipe of length L. The loudspeaker is sealed in so that no air can escape around the edges. The pipe is open at the other end. ...
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236 views

Why will a guitar string “ring” when I resonate my vocal chords at the same pitch as the string?

From a resting state, a guitar string will begin to ring as I resonate my vocal chords. If I make a fairly loud, and high-frequency "oo" sound at 440hz, then the A string on my guitar begins to ...
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SOUND WAVES :: organ pipes [duplicate]

Why doesn't sound wave escape in a open end pipe, why does it reflect again at open end of organ pipe when it can just move outside.
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Acoustics - tiny ultralow impedance speaker? [closed]

Here's a theoretical question that hopefully someone will be able to shed some light on. Apologies if this is the wrong forum, I figured the electrical engineering community would be more into ...
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204 views

Chladni Patterns (Length Factor)

I've recently been conducting experiments on the Chladni Plates, testing out how the length of a square Chladni plate (and consequently its area) affects the frequency at which each respective chladni ...
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141 views

Resonant frequencies of a fully closed tube

What is the pattern for resonant frequencies of a tube closed at BOTH ends? The cases for the string, the open tube and the tube closed at one ends are well known.
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How does a guitar work?

Here are four different possible ways: The plucked string vibrates longitudinally, vibrating the air around it. This vibrating air then causes the air inside the sound box to vibrate also, which ...
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1answer
203 views

How to understand complex masses of unstable particles? The conceptual problem of calculating decay rate

If a particle has a complex mass, $p^2-m^2=0$ leads to $p^μ \notin \mathbb R^4$. What does it mean? When you want to calculate S-matrix elements of decay process $\langle p_f,\ldots\mid p_i\rangle$, ...
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Why do objects have a Natural Frequency? [closed]

Why should an object even have a natural frequency, why not vibrate at any other frequency? This just sounds nonsensical.
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806 views

$Q$-factor for damped oscillator (not driven)?

How would this be defined? Some of the Q-factor definitions I have encountered include: $$Q=2\pi\frac{\text{Energy stored}}{\text{Mean power per cycle}}\\Q=2\pi\frac{\text{Energy stored}}{\text{Energy ...
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1answer
56 views

Why do open-closed cylinders resonate at high input impedance?

According to this paper, open-closed cylinders (clarinets) resonate at maxima of input impedance, while open-open cylinders (flutes) resonate at minima of impedance. Since acoustic impedance is ...
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750 views

What causes a harmonica note to drop in pitch (AKA bend)?

I understand how I can lower the pitch of any note on my trumpet, regardless of the volume, by slowing the rate of vibrations of my lips. But how is it that I can lower (AKA bend) the pitch of a reed ...
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Natural and Driving Frequency of a Spring-Mass System

Does $$f = \frac{1}{2\pi}\sqrt{\frac{k}{m}}$$ measure the natural frequency or driving frequency of a spring-mass system? I can't find any resources which confirm this! I believe it measures the ...
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Why is a parallel RLC circuit usually driven by a current source?

Almost always when I see an example of a parallel RLC/LC circuit diagram online, the circuit is driven by a current source instead of a voltage source. On the other hand, the series RLC is always ...
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55 views

Characteristics of acoustic resonator with a constant gain frequency response

What would be the theoretical characteristics of an acoustic resonator cavity which has a completely flat gain frequency response over 200Hz-3000Hz (Roughly the range of a violin) In other words, ...
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2answers
77 views

Does a string vibrating with hard boundaries contain harmonics of the fundamental frequency?

When the string of a violin is plucked, the resulting sound contains harmonics of the fundamental frequency. Is this an inherent property of a string with hard boundaries vibrating? Does an ideal ...
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244 views

Sound, Resonance tube experiment [duplicate]

Why surface of water behaves as a denser medium inspite of the fact speed of sound is greater in water than in air as seen in case of Resonance tube. To achieve resonance again we lower the level of ...
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1answer
44 views

Why are C, G and C all played open on the trumpet?

Why are C, G and C all played open on the trumpet? I would expect C, F# and C to be produced by adjusting embouchure as they're evenly each a half octave apart. What am I missing?
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The value of the driving frequency at which the voltage across the capacitor becomes maximum in a series RLC ac fed circuit

The circuit diagram is as shown. As per the book voltage across the capacitor is maximum during resonance that is p=1/√(LC) But what I found out is a bit different . And it is. p=√((1/LC)-(R²/2L²)) ...
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505 views

Where do pure tones occur in nature, besides harmonics?

When you sound a tuning fork, you hear an pure tone/sine wave of usually 440Hz. Yesterday, I tried hitting a table knife made entirely from stainless steel against a grapefruit. When I held it up to ...
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Why do the matrices in k-space and the final MRI image have to match?

Naturally, there is no correspondence pixel-to-pixel between Fourier space (k-space) and the final 2D image of an MRI - k-space stores the Fourier coefficients, hence each pixel in it affects the ...

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