Questions tagged [renewable-energy]

Energy sources that do not rely on the consumption of an exhaustible fuel. Tidal, geothermal, and the direct and indirect solar energies (direct: photovoltaics, CSP, solar thermal; indirect: wind, wave, biomass) are renewable energy.

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Textbook recommendation renewable energy

I am supposed to teach a lecture on the broad field of renewable energy for the first time. I wanted to check how other people cover the field, but there is a plethora of books on the subject and even ...
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2answers
36 views

Why can't a low solidity wind turbine be used in high torque applications through gearing? [closed]

From my understanding, low solidity wind turbines (such as the three blade type) are more efficient due to a higher tip speed ratio, giving a higher coefficient of performance. However, they are not ...
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4answers
8k views

Why are solar panels kept tilted?

I have noticed that, in my country India, all the solar panels are tilted southward at an angle of ${45}^{\circ} .$ Even on buildings with inverted V-shaped roofs, solar panels are still oriented ...
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3answers
236 views

Theoretical physics for better batteries?

It is Earth day, so I started thinking about the theoretical physics problems that could help reduce greenhouse-gas emissions and fight climate change. We actually have a reasonable range of ways to ...
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1answer
67 views

can we use the power of ice to float to make free electricity?

ice and water have a volume to weight ratio of 12/11 so 11 tons of ice will support 1 ton of weight 1 ton of ice takes 1000 watts or 12000 b.t.u. of energy to be produced question is , at what ...
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1answer
57 views

Where does the energy from tidal power plants come from? [duplicate]

Tidal power plants taps into the energy in the motion of the oceans due to the gravitational interaction between the earth and the moon, so much is clear to me. This question is about where would this ...
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1answer
1k views

Can Bhaskara's Wheel increase the efficiency of wind mills?

Bhaskara's wheel is an ancient attempt at perpetual motion. The idea is that gravity will pull the water toward the center for the bottles at the top and toward the ends for the bottles falling to ...
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1answer
52 views

Potential effect of another “year without a summer” on solar-powered society? [closed]

In the "year without a summer", a volcanic eruptions caused enough sunlight to be blocked for average global temperatures to drop by 0.4–0.7 °C. What would be the effect of this sort of event on a ...
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1answer
128 views

how could more rotor speed mean less energy in wind turbine?

there's a question that has been annoying me for a while ,consider the follwoing (power,rotor speed) diagram for different wind speeds at some wind speed(6m/s for example)how could a turbine running ...
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6answers
4k views

Is nuclear power desireable in the long term, given the fact that it's an unnatural heat input to our planet? [closed]

I've been reflecting on whether we want nuclear at all in the long term (compared to renewables like wind, solar, and hydro). There's a certain amount of heat (energy) entering our planet and leaving ...
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1answer
76 views

On what planet within the Asteroid Belt would solar panels work the best?

I was researching for a project and came across this question. Maybe this is a bit too broad? How might solar energy work on Mars? Would it be sufficient to sustain a colony?
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1answer
74 views

Hydrogen as energy storage

How viable is hydrogen as an energy storage medium? It would be extremely easy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen . It also has high energy content so relatively a large amount of energy can be ...
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1answer
32 views

Is there common ground between wind and solar technologies/methods for harnessing energy? And how does this compare to nonrenewable methods?

To clarify: not asking similarities between solar and wind energy as a whole but only its technologies/methods of harnessing energy [example: ?turbine blades? in solar towers and wind turbines] Is ...
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1answer
660 views

Can solar panels cool the atmosphere? [duplicate]

I am just curious if solar panels, because they absorb radiation, cool the atmosphere. If there were enough of them, would the temperature be different? I'm not a physicist or student.
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1answer
92 views

Effect of wind power on the global climate by decreasing kinetic energy of air

Assume the hypothetical situation that all global energy is produced by wind power and instead of fossil fuel power etc. Since every wind turbine decreases the kinetic energy of the air a bit, I am ...
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1answer
102 views

Could it be practical to harvest energy from sinking objects into deep water? [closed]

I'm imagining a canister for storing compressed gas connected to a fully inflated balloon. This is sea-level. The valve is open so air can move freely between the bag and the tank. Some heavy objects,...
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0answers
50 views

Why are spin coated polymer solar cells more efficient?

Reading papers on polymer solar cells (PSC from now on), it is seen that many different coating techniques are used in order to coat polymer films on substrates. It is also seen that spin coated ...
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1answer
56 views

Can water differential be used to store renewable energy?

Excuse me if the question is poorly worded or there already is a similar question, I searched but as a physics layman I do not know the proper terminology. I was watching a Nova story just now and ...
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1answer
108 views

Losses occurring in solar cells [closed]

If a solar cell is subjected to a light of intensity $1000$ $\text{W/m^2}$, the output at the cell is much less than ideal case scenario. What are all the factors causing energy losses in a solar cell?...
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1answer
40 views

Why is Alternative energy most commonly stored in metal acid batteries? [closed]

Why is alternative energy most commonly stored in relatively expensive metal acid batteries, which have a short life, rather than hydrogen gas accumulated through electrolysis? Hydrogen is a ...
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3answers
938 views

Can aurorae/northern lights be used as an energy source?

Their temperature is high, they have high velocity. Can they be used as an source of energy? If not why? If yes how?
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2answers
1k views

How do solar panels and wind turbines prove the law of conservation of energy?

The law of conservation of energy makes sense to me in certain systems but in others I can't seem to comprehend it. For example, a car moves because the stored chemical energy within its fuel is ...
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3answers
317 views

Water turbine power generation for large and small turbines

If you have a small water turbine and a larger water turbine in a river, would the larger turbine produce more power or would they produce the same because of the equal speed of the river?
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2answers
378 views

Changing number of wind turbine blades

I have read (and to some degree understood) that if one were to increase the number of blades for a wind turbine, it would be reasonable to reduce its rotational speed. In my mind I'd associate this ...
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1answer
130 views

Solar power with parabolic mirrors/lenses + peltier elements?

Peltier elements are used to use electricity create temperature gradients for example for the purpose of cooling electronics (and then in a secondary step remove the heat from the hot side). However ...
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1answer
151 views

I think I may have found a renewable energy source [closed]

Hello guys so I have this idea of mine which I can't get my head around and I need someone to tell me why it won't work, so let's say you have a fully pressurised tank of air and you blow that ...
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3answers
286 views

Is there a temperature drop at the rotor plane of a wind turbine?

A wind turbine rotor produces power from the torque generated by the rotor blades. This torque arises from forces on blade elements which in turn are the consequence of pressure differences on each ...
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0answers
103 views

Wind turbine design question [closed]

I am planning to design a wind turbine that is has rotor blade radius of 0.915m and is connected to a generator. The generators specifications are, it is an ac generator with 5000 coil turnings and a ...
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0answers
326 views

Measurements of the pressure drop across wind turbines?

Mathematical analyses of wind turbines show that a discontinuous pressure drop happens at the rotor plane. I am looking for measurements of this effect, but I could not find any. Do you know any (...
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0answers
31 views

solar energy on a specific location

How to find the amount of solar wattage in any specific place on earh in a monthly manner? by solar wattage I mean the energy recieved from the sun in a squared meters.
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1answer
101 views

How to calculate power necessary generated from wind turbine to run a motor

I was making a small/cheap wind turbine, and I am stuck on how to calculate the power needed (speed of wind) to run a brushed motor (since I figured that would be the easiest to run with rotor blades ...
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3answers
3k views

Could sound be considered a kind of renewable energy? [closed]

Is sound energy useful as a source for generating electricity? If so, could it be a renewable resource?
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2answers
145 views

which is efficient on solar electricity by photo voltaic or thermal

As we know solar energy used to generate electricity in two major ways: photovoltaic and thermal energy. The most small applications or personal use are mostly using solar cells. But when it comes to ...
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8answers
493 views

Why not use our own light production to produce new energy instead of wasting it?

Why don't we use our own light production at night (I mean home, buildings, streets,..., lighting) to charge photovoltaic panels instead of wasting it?
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1answer
42 views

is it viable to pump water with wind before turning it into electricity? [closed]

If one was to place many [short] turbines along a windy bridge, a levee or a windy road could one remedy the losses from many small generators, low voltage and large distances by pumping water in ...
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1answer
63 views

What parameters decide the maximum concentration achieved by a fresnel lens?

Fresnel lens can be used for concentrating sunlight for Photovoltaic. What parameters of the lens decide the maximum concentration that can be achieved using the lens.
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1answer
219 views

What mechanism can we use to convert waves energy?

In term of renewable energy, can we use waves as another energy that can be stored and used instead of solar, wind and etc ? What I mean here is not sea waves but another kind of waves such as radio ...
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1answer
79 views

Attracting atmospheric positive ions to carbon nano tubes for collection

Can nano magnets built into carbon nano tubes be used to attract moving positive ions from atmosphere to increase the resultant positively charged collecting mass?
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0answers
42 views

Karman Vortex Street phenomena to turn mechanical energy into electric energy at nano to mm scale?

How can one determine mathematically if it is practical to use the Karman Vortex Street phenomena at a nano scale or mm level to harness the wind's mechanical energy via a carbon nano tubular ...
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1answer
1k views

Is Ronald Ace's “solar trap” patent plausible?

This newspaper article and a few others from last year discussed a patent by independent US inventor Ronald Ace. It's about a kind of absorber for solar thermal energy systems, and it's supposed to ...
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1answer
107 views

How is the kinetic energy of the wind transferred onto a lift based wind turbine?

The rotor blades of a lift based wind turbine are shaped like airfoils, so the wind flowing around them creates a lift force which in turn moves them around. From a thermodynamic viewpoint and like ...
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0answers
77 views

How big is the power loss of a downwind wind turbine due to turbulence created by an upwind turbine?

When a horizontal axis wind turbine is placed downwind of another horizontal axis wind turbine (distance between the two is minimal), then the downwind wind turbine has a lower power output because of ...
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3answers
3k views

Is possible to generate energy from gravity?

When the wind goes through the vanes of an wind turbine, that energy is harnessed to generate electricity. When the water goes through the water turbines, that energy is harnessed to generate ...
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1answer
296 views

Will the upcoming solar eclipse stress the European electrical grid?

From an article in the Financial Times today, about a solar eclipse on March 20th, 2015: An eclipse of the sun next month could disrupt Europe’s power supplies because so many countries now use ...
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1answer
108 views

Electricity from effervescence, is it possible?

I've had this idea for quite some time (after having a cold and seeing Tabcin sparkling tablets), is there the possibility to generate electricity from effervescence? I envisioned something like the ...
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1answer
594 views

Can we make a “Gravity Mill” based on principle(s) of Newton's cradle?

DISCLAIMER: Newbie/Wannabe Physicist. What's to stop us from making a "Gravity Mill" which is a bar/rod attached with weights on both ends and pivoted at the ...
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2answers
3k views

Rare earth minerals in solarcell production

When I was looking at photovoltaic solar cell production I saw that there was some difficulty with rare earth minerals used in the production but i can't find which rare earth minerals. I have tried ...
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2answers
71 views

Is the amount of hydro-electricity harvested, proportional to the number of turbines? [closed]

I've looked on this site and people have said that it wouldn't make more energy that it would cost to have water turbines on a water tower. But if it only takes say three pumps (I don't know what it ...
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2answers
3k views

Do wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of air?

It is often said that wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of the wind into electricity. But in respect to horizontal wind turbines with airfoil shaped blades this is imho not the case. Wind ...
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2answers
178 views

Potential energy of Hydroelectric plant before the dam was built

So the energy potential of a Hydroelectric dam is the difference between the head and base. Before the dam was built where does all that energy go? I can understand that for a long valley that is ...