# Questions tagged [relative-motion]

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### Speed vs Velocity of light in Light clock thought experiment

A related question has been asked multiple times (like here, here and here). But none of those answers are clearing my doubt. In fact they're furthering my confusion. My specific doubt is regarding ...
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### Aerodynamics of cycling into a tail wind

I was looking at Steve Gribble's Cycling Calculator , and I noticed that the aero resistance was higher going 40 mph with a 20 mph tail wind than going 20 mph with no tail wind. Why is this? I always ...
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### Dark matter relative velocity

In Dark Matter Indirect Detection literature, it is usually said that the relative velocity of dark matter particles in the galactic halo is about $$v \sim 10^{-3}c$$ See for an example this lecture ...
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### Can two electron moving in opposite direction move faster than light? [duplicate]

Suppose we are moving two electrons in opposite direction both having a speed of 1.6e8 meter per sec.When they will cross each other then their relative velocity will be 3.2e8 ms_1.Isn't it faster ...
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### Friction and Work in Inertial Reference Frames [duplicate]

Say a train is moving in the positive $x$-direction at 100 meters per second with respect to the ground frame. Now let's say someone is pushing a large box in one of the cars of that train in the ...
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### How does Kinetic Energy transform from one frame of reference to another?

Let's say I observe a charge q floating in the middle of space. I set up another charge Q a distance d away from charge q was causes a force F to act on charge q. As charge q moves away from charge ...
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### Inertial and non-inertial frame

How to define an inertial frame of reference mathematically? I want a definition with proper chosen coordinate axis which will help me to differentiate it with the non inertial ones. I have been ...
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### Differentiating linear and non-linear motion

If there is a Person sitting in a vehicle which is moving, how could he find out whether it's in motion and if he figures that out, how does he find out whether it's accelerated or non-accelerated?
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### Super luminal speed paradox? [duplicate]

Chosing a reference frame in which the Earth is at rest and doesn't rotate is related, but different. Here I'm asking if there is a paradox and if my attempt at resolution has merit, and if not ...
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### Why dont we account the rotation of the earth in aircrafts? Is it just because of the air or is there more to it? [duplicate]

Today there was a seminar regarding modern air crafts held in my school. At the starting of the lecture, we were asked a question which I found quite intriguing. "Why does a helicopter or a fixed ...
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### Is this Question correct? Newtonian Motion - Relative Motion of Rain

There is a question in a textbook which states: "A cyclist is riding north at 12km/h when it starts to rain. The rain appears to be falling towards her at an angle of 10 degrees relative to the ...
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### What's the speed of light when viewed from the side?

Suppose a pulse of light is sent from $A$ to $B$ in a rigid triangle $ABC$. While the pulse is moving from $A$ to $B$, what is it's velocity relative to $C$? The special character of the photon among ...
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### How would one compute the path of an particle's motion from forces defined in different frames of reference?

I'm trying to write a computer program to render and play-back the path of a particle existing in 2D space given all forces acting on said particle. This is relatively easy to do if all forces are ...
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### Question on relative velocity [closed]

If a man is moving on a horizontal belt (with constant velocity w.r.t belt)which is also moving in the same direction with some velocity , then time w.r.t belt and w.r.t ground to travel some ...
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### Correlation between velocity and homogeneity of spacetime and isotropy of space

Considering only inertial frames of reference and constant velocities, does the fact that any velocity, with the exception for the speed of light in a vacuum, can be transformed, via an accurate ...
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### Doubt on how I have applied Newton's law of motion

I have found several questions where the pseudo force is applied in the wrong direction, and I am confused whether I m correct or not. The question is something like this. Thin threads are tightly ...
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### For a lay person, what if there was no atmosphere? [closed]

What if there was no atmosphere (or little like on the moon)? Could I then hover above and watch the Earth below turn? Originally I queried, "why couldn't a person just float up in a balloon, hover ...
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### Rotationated inertial frames and Galileo Relativity

Consider then a inertial frame $S$ and another one, $S'$. The inertial frame $S'$ is at uniform motion with respect to $S$. Both inertial frames are the Euclidian vector spaces $\mathbb{E}^3$ equipped ...
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### Rolling resistance in relation to diameter [closed]

I am trying to determine the effects the radius of a wheel has on its ability to move across soft ground materials and have found the formula. Would this formula suggest that rolling resistance is ...
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### What are the effects of diameter and width on a wheels ability to move on soft surfaces?

Often larger tires with a greater thickness are used for moving across soft surfaces such as sand. In relation to the diameter and width of tires, how do these properties provide better movability on ...
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### Total energy of an object in motion in free space

In order to impart motion (additional motion) to an object in free space, inertia "soaks up" an given amount of energy prior to additional movement, which is related to its mass, irrespective of any ...
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### Relative motion and time

When someone reaches to a speed which is close to the speed of light with respect to earth, will he see the things actually moving faster than when he is in low speeds?
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Let's say a car ,in straight line motion ,has a speed of V m/s (in the absence of wind) and let the speed of wind be W m/s the in the same direction . What is the speed of the car in the presence of ...
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### Effect of tailwind on aircraft speed

I have been spending some time in analyzing the impact of tailwind on the ground speed of the aircraft. My analysis is based around the following equation : VAW = VAG - VWG ; where VAW is the velocity ...
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### Explain the relative motion between two particles of a rotating rigid body

A rigid body is defined as a collection of particles in which distance between each pair of particles remains constant. I was taught that the motion of any one particle of the rigid body with respect ...
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### Bullet from circular motion [closed]

I'm thinking of a problem that I can't verify at this moment, so I'd need your help. There's a person (Carl) on a circular platform, at a distance R from the center, the platform is moving with ...
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### How does friction cause a boat to move backward if a person on it moves forward?

If a person on boat moves forward (from left to right of a boat)and if we draw the free body diagram we would observe that 1)mg is balanced by normal reaction 2)friction acts to the left side, on the ...
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### Scalar versus invariant in Newtonian mechanics

I looking up coriolis transport theorem for rotating refrence frames and while reading through this derivation he wrote: In Newtonian mechanics, scalar quantities must be invariant for any given ...
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### Can we use redshift measurements to determine absolute velocity?

Here's a thought experiment: suppose I'm in a large box in space without windows or sensors, and I fire a laser in 6 different directions and measure the redshift along each direction. Could that data ...
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### Find velocity using integration method or relative velocity approach [closed]

In the diagram shown below, jeep moves with a speed of 60kmph and the car's velocity as observed from the moving jeep is 20kmph. we need to find the velocity of the car. I used relative velocity ...
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### Relative motion, is there any “safe” way to find out initial conditions for a point particle?

I'm trying to solve exercises about relative motion and having hard times in finding out the initial conditions in respect to the inertial and non-intertial frame of reference, while I'm able to do ...
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### Earth's movement around the Sun

My question is - because of sun's movement around the milky way, Earth never reaches at the same point where it started from. Then how can we say that it circles around the sun in 365 1/4th days.
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### Ship' smoke velocity?

I am studying mechanics from MIT 2.003. In HW problem "which I solved wrong" they stated that: An important fact is that the smoke travels with the wind at the velocity of the wind In this problem ...
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### Motion (Newtonian Mechanics)

When a net force is applied to an object and the object starts to accelerate, will its motion with this acceleration continue endlessly?( no other forces opposing this motion) If not, why?
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### Inertia over an airplane [duplicate]

When an airplane is traveling, it moves at the same speed as the earth does due to inertia, but since, the plane is not directly touching the globe, how does is the speed of the earth is associated ...
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### If you are sitting completely still inside of a moving car are you at rest?

My teacher and I had an argument in class where I stated that motion is undefined without a reference point and that you could just as easily claim that the road is moving backwards at the opposite ...
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### Question based on relative motion in two dimension

I came across this problem in my work book. A hunter is riding on an elephant of height $4$ $m$ moving in straight line with uniform speed of $2$ $m/s$. A deer running with a speed $V$ at a ...
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### Inertial force in a bus [duplicate]

While i am standing in a bus that is accelerating an inertial force is acting on me in the direction opposite of acceleration (I understand that). But, what is the magnitude of that force.I thought it ...
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### How can I visualize the center of mass (center of momentum) frame?

I know that the CM frame is the frame in which the total momentum of the system adds up to zero. For example, if I imagine two bodies m1 and m2, with m1 = m2, one moving at the speed v1 = v and the ...
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### Physics of the tablecloth trick- why top objects tip over

In the tablecloth trick where the cloth is pulled off, with dishes etc. on top of it, I was wondering why is it that tall objects tend to tip forward? Let's say that we are pulling the cloth to the ...
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### relative velocities

If two objects are moving relative to the horizontal and you have the real angle between the horizontal and the direction of travel of one object, how does this real angle differ from the angle ...