Questions tagged [redshift]

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redshifted or scaled light?

In relation to the emitted light, at reception the radiation has a wavelength that is shifted, or should it be called scaled light ? ( Imo, shift is to addition term as scale is to a multiplication ...
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Redshift - Relativistic or Classical doppler effect?

So we know that Hubble found evidence that the universe was expanding through finding redshift / blueshift of light from distant stars. My question is, was he using the relativistic or classical ...
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121 views

Redshifting light in an expanding universe

It's evident and well known that light traveling across an expanding FLRW universe is redshifted via an equation: $$\frac{\lambda_{arriving}}{\lambda_{emitted}}=\frac{a_{now}}{a_{then}}$$ Where $a$ is ...
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1answer
237 views

If mass isn't conserved in an expanding universe, why do we assume atomic spectra are constant?

Of the many ways to write a mass in general relativity (Komar, adm and the like), it seems that none of them are conserved in an expanding universe (or more generally for nonstationary metrics). ...
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1answer
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For an observer NOT in comoving coordinates, won't the Hubble factor be anisotropic?

Since the Earth isn't exactly in comoving coordinates, I would think redshift surveys have to adjust for this? I couldn't, upon searching, immediately find which direction our CMB dipole shift was in,...
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Where does the energy of a redshifted photon go to? [duplicate]

When traveling through the vacuum, electromagnetic waves experience an increase of wavelength (redshift). According to this equation: $$E=\frac{hc}{\lambda}=h\nu$$ ( Where, as we know, h is the ...
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1answer
133 views

Absolute frequency shift of red shift 11.9 [closed]

According to a 2012 article about the Hubble Telescope, the Hubble found the most distant galaxy at a red shift of "11.9". What does this mean in terms of THz frequency? For example, I know that the ...
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2answers
7k views

Redshift-distance relation, and redshift-scale factor relation

For a universe described by the RW metric, a relation between the scale factor at the time of emission of light and the redshift can be derived, and yields $$ a(t_e) = \frac{1}{1+z} $$ The above ...
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3answers
535 views

Is a light wave's amplitude stretched, along with the "red shift" stretch - making it brighter?

When light waves are stretched and "red-shifted", is the amplitude of the light wave stretched as well, affecting the intensity/brightness of the light wave?
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Why is the possibility of the universe having a centre around which everything orbits not considered feasible?

I'm sure there is some kind of reason as to why this isn't considered as a legitimate theory but upon giving it though it seemed to make sense to me. I figure if all gravitational orbits are ...
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493 views

Which materials redshift light?

I'm currently researching ways to get the human perceived colors red, green and blue when you only have a mostly blue spectrum available at your source (using electroluminescence). The solution should ...
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377 views

A question on the redshift of photons due to cosmic expansion

Given that the universe is expanding over time, in the sense that the (spatial) metric is changing over time, corresponding to the physical distance between objects increasing, naïve intuition leads ...
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1answer
159 views

Energy loss of photons crossing a dielectric medium

How much energy do photons lose when crossing an "isotropic" dielectric medium? What would be possible mechanisms. I assume the straight forward answer would be that the photon loses zero energy and ...
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Kerr black hole horizons and infinite redshift surfaces

In the Kerr black holes we have infinite-redshift surfaces (where a infalling body is still according to the asymptotic observer) and event horizons (the escape velocity becomes greater than the speed ...
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Can redshift occur from relative velocity or just from expanding space

With sound the Doppler effect is caused by the wavelength of the sound being affected by the relative velocity between the observer and emitter, eg. If they are moving toward each other the observed ...
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1k views

Cosmic Scale Factor $R$ and redshift

I'm slightly confused by an idea of redshift: If we assume the distance between two points is given by: $$d = R Δx$$ we can assume that $$λ_0 = R_0 Δx$$ And when we receive the emission it will ...
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1answer
2k views

How can we find out the distance to a galaxy using redshift?

As redshift occurs due to Doppler effect and universe expansion, how do we know what part of the shift is responsible for which, in order to determine the distance to the object emitting the waves? Is ...
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Doppler shift of light from stars and galaxies [duplicate]

I was reading about how we can ascertain whether a cosmic object is receding from or approaching us by studying the doppler shift of its spectrum- I mean the redshift and blue-shift. But we have no ...
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2answers
632 views

How'd you explain Red shift and Blue shift with respect to Doppler Effect

I understand Doppler effect in Sound and Water because there we can observe relative speeds. But in case of light, the speed is same in all references so is the change in relative wavelength due to ...
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0answers
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Why don't big bang photons conserve mass and energy? [duplicate]

A photon from the big bang has lost most of its momentum and energy. What does it push against? Does it break the 'laws' of conservation of energy and momentum? Is there any possibility that momentum ...
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2answers
883 views

Expanding space and red shift

Assuming space is really expanding - Due to expanding space, distant galaxies are supposed to be moving away from us. When light leaves a distant galaxy, it's wavelength is red shifted to begin with ...
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2answers
165 views

How can the angle to a pulsar be determined by measuring its redshift?

Suppose we (a spacecraft, probe, or similar) know our location only to within a few billion km (a few Tm) in any direction in 3D space, and we want to determine our location to a higher degree of ...
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2answers
2k views

Calculating the redshift in cosmological constant dominated universe

How can the redshift be found when $\rho_m = \rho_\Lambda$ and when the cosmological constant begins to dominate from matter? Given that $\Omega_M \approx 0.3$ and $\Omega_\Lambda \approx0.7$ . I've ...
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1answer
60 views

Can we produce energy by red-shifting light

The answer on my question Does light accelerate as it nears a black hole? leads me to think that light 'gains' the gravitational energy by shifting to a frequency with a higher energy (blue). Is this ...
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1answer
176 views

How do we know that light isn't redshifted by space itself? [duplicate]

Do we know if light is red-shifted by traveling through space? If it isn't, how do we know? I guess my pondering has lead me to wonder if the observed accelerating space-expansion is a ...
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1answer
55 views

Energy conservation in Hubble Expansion [duplicate]

So space expands due to Hubble Flow. Some light is observed, which is seen to be red-shifted due to the space expansion. It is less energetic. Where did the energy go?
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Redshift of merging black holes

How did they found that the gravitational waves where emitted at redshift $z=0.09$? I understand the measurement of redshift for an electromagnetic wave where we have measured in a lab various ...
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1answer
229 views

Quasar redshift

The quasar 3C 273 has a redshift z=0.158. A question in a textbook: could this be a gravitational redshift instead of cosmological (=resulting from the expansion of space)? My answer: no. Firstly, ...
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0answers
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Red shift and expansion of universe [duplicate]

We have been led to believe that in the theory of universe expansion, the farthest object is moving faster away from us than the nearest object, attributing the difference to red shift. Question: is ...
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6answers
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Redshift of distant galaxies: why not a doppler effect?

How can I explain to my 17 year old pupils that the observed redshift of distant galaxies cannot be interpreted as a doppler effect and inescapably leads to the conclusion that space itself is ...
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1answer
197 views

How to explain Doppler redshift of light?

For other waves like water or sound, it is easy to understand Doppler effect, because for those waves, the speed of wave in different inertia reference frames changes. But for light wave, the speed ...
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1answer
154 views

Why do distant galaxies (quasars) look white in photos?

My question is inspired by this question about red shift. When viewing photos of distant galaxies, especially quasars, they are often shown as white. However, the light would have been red-shifted. ...
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2answers
589 views

We say Light is Red-Shifted or Blue-shifted from faraway stars and galaxies [closed]

We say Light is Red-Shifted or Blue-shifted from faraway stars and galaxies. Can we find out the distance at which it changed its frequency. So in another solar system, it might seem to be Green ...
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1answer
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The CMB and the Hubble comoving radius

I have been thinking on this for a while and i don't get it. My point is, the comoving Hubble radius $(aH)^{-1}$ is the distance at wich the universe expansion begins to be superluminical. In an ...
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1answer
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Is it possible for the universe to be already developed when the dark energy appeared and expansion started?

The main piece of evidence that supports Big Bang Theory is basically evidence that the expansion of the universe started long time ago (not necessarily from the begining of the universe). Is it ...
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6answers
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If space is "expanding" in itself - why then is there redshift?

The "kid's" way of understanding the expanding universe is that: "space" is totally "ordinary", and all the galaxies are expanding through it (like an explosion). Of course, that's wrong. The usual ...
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2answers
183 views

Light and Gravity

The gravitational force does not affect the speed of light rather affects the frequency of light (hence light changes colors, red to blue and vice-versa). I know this has been verified but I have 2 ...
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2answers
558 views

An argument that massive particles don't redshift?

I start with the spatially flat FRW metric in conformal co-ordinates: $$ds^2=a^2(\eta)(d\eta^2-dx^2-dy^2-dz^2)$$ This metric has the following non-zero Christoffel symbols: \begin{eqnarray} \Gamma^...
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2answers
741 views

Why is "gravitational" red-shift neglected in galaxy and galaxy cluster scales?

The red-shift of the light of a star in a galaxy or that of a galaxy in a cluster of galaxies is generally interpreted as how fast the star or the galaxy is moving, i.e. it is interpreted in a purely ...
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1answer
3k views

Redshift of mass-dominant universe

What was the value of redshift $z$ when matter started to dominate the universe? Is there any way to calculate it without knowing the time?
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1answer
274 views

Effect of redshift on energy conservation [duplicate]

Light coming from galaxies that are going away from us is redshifted. Since the energy of a photon is purely dependent on its frequency one may conclude that the energy of these photons decreases. The ...
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600 views

Interpretation of cosmological redshift

I was trying to understand why we cannot explain the observed redshift of distant galaxies using special relativity and I came upon this article by Davis and Lineweaver. Unfortunately when I arrive ...
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4answers
2k views

Does an object's redshift actually decrease with time?

I am trying to determine how an object's redshift (specifically, redshift due just to the expansion of the universe) changes in time. Starting with a definition of the Hubble parameter, $$H \equiv \...
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1answer
842 views

Is the cosmic microwave background radiation red shifted?

My question is. If the cosmic background radiation is red shifted how would you calculate the wavelength at the time it was emitted ?
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1answer
215 views

How large or small can frequency in the EM spectrum get?

The largest frequency range is gamma rays, but does the EM spectrum 'stop' somewhere? Like is there a limit to how large a frequency can get? Or how small frequency can get? Is it one of those things ...
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Distance between two galaxies of different redshift

Let $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ two different objects in the Universe (we can think to two galaxies or quasars), that we observe from the Earth at different angular position $(\alpha_1,\delta_1)$, $(\alpha_2,\...
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2answers
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Where does the energy go when light is redshifted? [duplicate]

Imagine a galaxy millions of lightyears away and, obeying Hubble's law, moving very quickly away from us. Now imagine the same galaxy emitted a green photon in our direction (a photon with a ...
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1answer
111 views

Is there any way to differentiate between a redshift caused by recessional motion vs. gravity?

How certain, if at all, are astronomers that the redshift they are measuring is relating to recessional motion as opposed to gravity?
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1answer
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Can anything other than recessional motion cause a redshift? [duplicate]

The question pretty much says it all. Is there any force, or circumstance, or anything that we know of that can affect the measurement of a red shift?
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Can gravitational waves be red-shifted?

Whenever the Doppler effect is mentioned, it's typically in the context of sound waves or electromagnetic radiation. On the cosmological scale, red-shifting is also important because of the enormous ...