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Questions tagged [quantum-interpretations]

This tag is for questions relating to what, if anything, the quantum mechanical formalism and experimental results say about the way the world works.

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131 views

Is zitterbewegung physical or not?

It appears that zitterbewegung, a frequency associated with the total energy of a particle or system, is widely considered to be an unphysical quantity (e.g., Kobakhidze et.al.), @Lubos Motl, McMillan)...
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189 views

Free Will Theorem question

The Kochen-Specker Theorem says, if I understand it correctly, that the results of spin measurements cannot be predetermined independent of measurement. They get to this conclusion by describing 33 ...
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288 views

Is Bohmian mechanics really incompatible with relativity?

This is something I've been wondering about. For those who don't know, Bohmian mechanics is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that is in the class of what are known as "hidden variable theories", ...
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197 views

How can the pre-measurement be fulfilled?

In the decoherence program, the pre-measurement refers to the evolution in which the system and apparatus form a Schmidt state. In Maximilian Schlosshauer's review article(2005), I read "the linearity ...
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37 views

How does the EPE-DH interpretation of quantum mechanics account for interaction-free measurement?

The extended probability ensemble decoherent histories (EPE-DH) interpretation of quantum mechanics proposed by Murray Gell-Mann and James Hartle posits that there is one real fine-grained history of ...
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176 views

Is 'interpretation' in quantum mechanics the same as 'interpretation' in probability?

I heard all 'interpretations' of quantum mechanics give exactly the same answer to every measurement so they are all equally correct. Is that the same 'interpretations' as in probability? Context: ...
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218 views

Is there a video of a double-slit experiment using walking oil droplets (aka dotwaves)?

I've heard there have been experiments with walking droplets in a double-slit setup, and I've seen videos of many of the other quantum phenomenons walking droplets can emulate, but I can't find one of ...
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110 views

Are frequency and likelihood the same across the multiverse?

My probability text distinguishes between two interpretations of probability values: the frequency of occurrence "as percentage of success in a moderately large number of similar situations" (coin ...
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199 views

How to explain Tsirelson's inequality using extended probabilities?

How to explain Tsirelson's inequality using extended probabilities? Some people have tried explaining the Bell inequalities using extended probabilities. For instance, a pair of entangled photons ...
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74 views

Are there any connections between James–Stein estimator and quantum mechanics?

Very nice statement from wiki: When three or more unrelated parameters are measured, their total MSE can be reduced by using a combined estimator such as the James–Stein estimator; whereas when ...
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561 views

Does the extended probability ensemble interpretation of quantum mechanics make any sense?

Gell-Mann and Hartle came up with the extended probability ensemble interpretation over here. Basically, they extended probability theory to include real numbers which may be negative or greater than ...
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72 views

Is there an official list of the postulates of quantum mechanics?

Having been looking at lecture notes, online sources and books, the list of postulates of quantum mechanics seems to vary. For instance, some sources (my lecture notes, for instance) refer to $|\...
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73 views

Information Centric Interpretation of the Delayed Choice Experiment

The photon travels from the emmitter to the detector. Along the way it bounces off a few mirrors and off or through a beam splitter or two. This journey takes time, but only from OUR perspective/frame....
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32 views

Spekken toy model: measurement of spin in any direction

Spekkens' toy model [1] can handle the measurement of a spin 1/2 along the directions $x$, $y$ and $z$. Unless I am missing something, it can't handle measurement in any direction. Would there be a ...
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243 views

If correct, Bell's Theorem rules out local variables and suggests a superdeterministic for to the Universe?

If Bell's Theorem is correct and Quantum Mechanics cannot rely upon 'local variables'. Bell suggests that a probable solution is the existence of a Super-determined order upon the construct of our ...
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138 views

Is Bohmian mechanics incompatible with Leggett inequality?

As far as I know violation of Bell's theorem is not a problem for De Broglie–Bohm theory because this theory is explicitly nonlocal; But since the violation of Leggett inequality is considered to ...
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61 views

“What is a thing?” — Coecke versus Kastner

The subject's from Coecke's https://arxiv.org/abs/0803.0417 and my question's essentially to "compare and contrast" that with Kastner's https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.09034 which appeared today. Seems to ...
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96 views

Confusion by Murray Gell Mann video and Bell's Theorem

I'm trying to understand 3:02 in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlIlkn3OxMI&t=184s He seems to be saying that the measurement of a property one photon has no effect on the other. So ...
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124 views

Are all instances of quantum non-locality problem artifacts of the use of classical concepts in quantum physics?

Consider experiments involving entangled spins, say two-spin 1/2 particles in the singlet state: $$\left|\psi\right> =\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left[\left|\uparrow\downarrow\right> - \left|\downarrow\...
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376 views

Testing Many-Worlds Interpretation (MWI) with a causality-violating configuration of “superluminal cables”

Suppose we managed to arrange a causality-violating transmission of data with hypothetical “superluminal cables” (SLC; see both links for respective descriptions) and expect, similarly to ideas ...
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214 views

Are universally valid possibilistic theories possible?

This is a spin-off of the following question: Are Thomas Breuer's subjective decoherence and Scott Aaronson's freebits with Knightian freedom the same things in essence? Given that Thomas ...
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97 views

Is relational QM experimentally distinguishable from standard QM?

Some people advocate for relational quantum mechanics, which is an interpretation (or at least Wikipedia calls it an interpretation) of QM where quantum states are thought of as representing a ...
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590 views

Uncertainty Principle and Bohmian mechanics

The Uncertainty Principle is a relationship between measurements of pairs of attributes, position and momentum, as well as energy and time. Perfect precision of one attribute's measurement leads to a ...
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72 views

Is it possible to detect subjective decoherence? If yes, how?

In his paper from 1994 Thomas Breuer describes a phenomenon of subjective decoherence (p. 43). I wonder whether it can be measured, and if yes, how. I also wonder whether it would allow to create an ...
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126 views

What is the difference between Cramer and Vaidman?

Two very interesting new papers on arXiv last night by Lev Vaidman and friends lead me to ask about the differences between Cramer's transactional interpretation of quantum mechanics (TIQM) and the ...
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81 views

Safer version of quantum suicide?

Quantum suicide imagines a gun which will shoot a person in a box, and this gun is rigged up to the release of radioactive decay which has a quantum probability of 50% chance of decaying or not ...
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57 views

Does Lucien Hardy's “Paradox” show that all realist interpretations of quantum mechanics cannot be made lorentz invariant?

https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.2981 Reading the abstract he claims that if a realist interpretation claims to be lorentz invariant, it produces the wrong predictions. ...
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33 views

Justification for “which path” inference in Hardy's paradox?

I'm going over Hardy's paradox again recently and whenever I try to think about it I always get confused with the classical part of the analysis. Just as a brief summary, the setup of the paradox is ...
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134 views

Does the quantum eraser double slit experiment disprove many worlds interpretation?

The quantum eraser double slit experiment shows that interference pattern is destroyed not by interacting with the quantum particle, but rather by getting which path information. In this experiment ...
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49 views

In the “many worlds” interpretation does every possible past which leads to the present exist

Does the many worlds interpretation of quantum physics apply only to the future, or does it apply equally to the past? Rather than a cat in a box, imagine a dinosaur in a box 65 million years ago. In ...
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85 views

Is there any basis in stating there are different levels of 'locality' or 'reality', within physics or physical theories?

EPR’s reality criterion and quantum realism has this paragraph (the paper has 0 citations, and I'm personally happy to call this metaphysics, but still!): A popular interpretation of Bell’s theorem ...
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58 views

What's a comprehensive review of the implications of Bell-nonlocality on our notion of reality / Weltanschauung?

I am looking for a (preferably peer-reviewed) article that summarizes: the historic debates surrounding Bell-nonlocality, how nonlocality can/not be reconciled with our notation of reality, and ...
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162 views

Existence of joint probability distribution (hidden variables) for partially compatible measurements

Informal summary: If we have $n$ measurements out of which we apply at most $q$, and we know that up to $q$ measurements commute on a given starting state, is there a hidden variable model that ...
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53 views

Do psi-ontic models rule out decoherence etc.?

My question is based on several theorems which have some features in common. First of them is famous PBR-theorem. It states that quantum state cannot be considered as statistical and does not ...
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83 views

Dirac-like formulation of quantum electrodynamics

For classical mechanics there is a newtonian formulation (calculating accelerations and integrating to get velocities and positions). There is also an equivalent Lagrangian formulation (finding a path ...
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77 views

single Observer iterpretation, experiment design

I am thinking of an interpretation of QM in which there is a single Observer (O). That is, its mind's history is marking a special path on the many-world graph, which we identify with reality. This ...
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77 views

Why not measure the velocity of a quantum particle by $\frac{\Delta \vec{x}}{\Delta t}$

Why is it not possible in quantum mechanics to measure the velocity (and thus momentum) of a particle just by two position and time measurements and get it approximately by $$ \vec{v} = \frac{\vec{x}...
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157 views

What is the justification for continuing to model space-time as a manifold in string theory?

Background The question I have arises from taking seriously the idea that, in a physical theory, one should first define all physical quantities via (thought) experiment. Justification and ...
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57 views

Mathematical formalism for the Many World's Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

A short question: is there a mathematical formalism underlying the Many Worlds Interpretation, that is published in the literature, in much the same way, but on a presumably smaller scale, as String ...
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51 views

How can a spinor represent an “epistemic” state?

I have read a lot of stuff on the seemingly endless debate on ontology/epistemology of the quantum state $\psi$. But I always wonder: how can a spinor be considered epistemic when $\psi$ really ...
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69 views

Information loss from entanglement and cosmological horizons?

Suppose we have a qubit P in an unknown quantum state. Unknown as in we didn't prepare it, and don't know how it was prepared either. Without measuring the qubit in any way, we encode it into two ...
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69 views

Would it be possible to Loschmidt reverse Wigner's friend using future technology?

Would it be possible to Loschmidt reverse Wigner's friend using future technology? Why or why not? Can a human be isolated in a decoherence shielded box? Can we have fine control over every single ...
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179 views

Bell's inequality

For a project, I'm planning to study Bell's inequality, which as far as I can gather is taken to rule out hidden variable theories of QM. I'm looking for recommendations of decent sources which derive ...
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167 views

Why are cosmic conspiracies considered undesirable in quantum interpretations?

Quantum interpretations like superdeterminism, nonlocal hidden variables, etc. are regularly dismissed by the vast majority of physicists because they require "cosmic conspiracies" which can ...
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163 views

The status of unobservable quantum mechanical predictions

Orthodox quantum mechanics intrinsically requires an observer - since the only connection from the mathematical formalism to physical reality is through the measurement axiom (probability of observing ...
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134 views

What is a potential in De-Broglie-Bohm theory?

As I have so far understood, the De-Broglie-Bohm theory is based on two equations: The Schrödinger equation. The Guiding equation of the De-Broglie-Bohm theory. In the Schrödinger equation (as ...
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62 views

Is there any “fundamental” uncertainty to the timing of the Big Bang?

I wondered whether, under the probabilistic interpretations of QM, the timing of the Big Bang (or perhaps any other historical event) is fundamentally as uncertain as (or: like) other (e.g., future) ...
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108 views

Hamiltonian matrix propertu

A professor made an statement to prove the variational theorem: Because the Hamiltonian (H operator of quantum physics) is diagonal in its own eigenfunction, the terms in $\left \langle \Phi _{m} \...
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131 views

Bohmian Quantum Mechanics diffusion

About one year ago I attended a pretty interesting seminar of Nino Zanghì on the actual state of Bohmian mechanics. Now, during my undergraduate studies, I didn't have the possibility to take a class ...
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23 views

What are good books to study the basics of Local Realism?

I am trying to have a general understanding of the concepts of Local Realist theories and hidden variable models. I do not need a detailed developement of one of these theories, but only a general ...