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Questions tagged [quantum-interpretations]

This tag is for questions relating to what, if anything, the quantum mechanical formalism and experimental results say about the way the world works.

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Why does superposition principle and Copenhagen interpretation not contradict with themselves?

In quantum mechanics, when we say that a particle in a state $|x_1\rangle$, physically the states $|x_1 \rangle $ and $c |x_1\rangle$ (for some $c\not = 0\in \mathbb{C}$) are the same, i.e they ...
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How could quantum effects occur in the early universe without an observer?

In inflationary cosmology, primordial quantum fluctuations in the process of inflation are considered responsible for the asymmetry and lumpiness of the universe that was shaped. However, according to ...
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6answers
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How do we know that entanglement allows measurement to instantly change the other particle's state? [duplicate]

I have never found experimental evidence that measuring one entangled particle causes the state of the other entangled particle to change, rather than just being revealed. Using the spin up spin down ...
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3answers
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Observer in Many Worlds Interpretation [duplicate]

Something has been bothering me about the Many Worlds Interpretation. Proponents of it (e.g. Sean Carroll) often claim that it does away with the observer, or at least the paradox-inducing status the ...
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Safer version of quantum suicide?

Quantum suicide imagines a gun which will shoot a person in a box, and this gun is rigged up to the release of radioactive decay which has a quantum probability of 50% chance of decaying or not ...
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1answer
122 views

How does the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Physics relate to Consciousness? [closed]

According to the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, each quantum event causes the world to "branch" into a superposition of outcomes. How come "my" consciousness only chooses one of ...
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2answers
64 views

Can we have an arbitrary set of trajectories in Bohmian mechanics?

In Bohmian mechanics, the initial configurations and the pilot wave determine the future of the system. Given a set of initial positions for particles and a set of arbitrary trajectories, can we ...
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How did Big Bang determine the initial conditions of the universe?

My question is that how did the Big Bang determine the initial distribution of the particles and their wavefunctions? In theories like Bohmian mechanics or Many worlds, how was the universal ...
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Bell inequality as a game: Why is it impossible to always win?

Another Bell's Theorem Question I am trying to follow the simple model of Bell's Theorem outlined in this paper: https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~vazirani/s07quantum/notes/lecture1.pdf. Please read ...
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2answers
57 views

Does retro-causality imply unpredictability?

In some interpretations of Quantum mechanics (e.g. transactional interpretation), the future affects present. Is this a source of unpredictability in such interpretations, which makes them have the ...
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64 views

Many World's Hypothesis [closed]

According to the Many Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics by Hugh Everett, taking the double slit experiment as an example, every possible outcome that can happen does happen. And the chances ...
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The Many-Worlds interpretation of Quantum Mechanics [duplicate]

How does the Many-Worlds interpretation really work conceptually? Very often I hear something like: When a decision is made, there is this splitting of the Universes. Each outcome happens but each in ...
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Does the various interpretation of quantum mechanics have any impact on how we interpret quantum field theory?

Does the various interpretation of quantum mechanics have any impact on how we interpret quantum field theory? Or can QFT be considered as one of the interpretation of QM, I mean the later case as in ...
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How acts a Double slit with a clock?

We have the simple arrangement of the double slit, but with the addition of a precise clock. The screen is also substituted by a CCD camera, so one can check when there is an event (hitting of the ...
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Does Lucien Hardy's “Paradox” show that all realist interpretations of quantum mechanics cannot be made lorentz invariant?

https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.2981 Reading the abstract he claims that if a realist interpretation claims to be lorentz invariant, it produces the wrong predictions. ...
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The many world interpretation and immortality [closed]

This question might not be appropriate as it is philosophical on a similar level as the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment. In any case it might be interesting to think about it nonetheless. The ...
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117 views

Is the Universal Wavefunction a sensible ontological concept?

It seems to me that several quantum interpretations rely on the idea that there exists a wavefunction that completely specifies the state of the universe. Of these, the Many Worlds Interpretation is ...
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Can the many worlds interpretation use the Born rule for decoherence? [closed]

If the Many-Worlds Interpretation cannot derive the Born rule does it need mind body dualism to make sense of probabilities? I asked a different question here regarding MWI and circularity. But here'...
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Would every particle in the universe not have some form of measurement occurring at any given time? [duplicate]

I know this is probably a common point of confusion, but I have a specific question about measurements in Quantum Mechanics. I read an explanation on this, but still have a point of confusion. The ...
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Is there an official list of the postulates of quantum mechanics?

Having been looking at lecture notes, online sources and books, the list of postulates of quantum mechanics seems to vary. For instance, some sources (my lecture notes, for instance) refer to $|\...
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1answer
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Is photon interference really random? [closed]

I know that according to the many worlds interpretation, there is no randomness and rather there is a universal wave function that simulates an observer with a continuously branching timeline. My ...
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0answers
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Information Centric Interpretation of the Delayed Choice Experiment

The photon travels from the emmitter to the detector. Along the way it bounces off a few mirrors and off or through a beam splitter or two. This journey takes time, but only from OUR perspective/frame....
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2answers
319 views

Is Bohmian mechanics wrong in the case that space and time are quantized?

Bohmian mechanics assumes that particle trajectories are continuous. Also, it claims the random outcome of certain experiments (like the double-slit experiment) to be due to the random initial ...
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1answer
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How does the “many worlds” interpretation follow from the “universal wavefunction” idea?

So, I took this class some time ago where we discussed Hugh Everett's approach to QM. The premise seemed very logical to me: Isolated systems evolve according to the Schrödinger Equation. Of course ...
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Justification for “which path” inference in Hardy's paradox?

I'm going over Hardy's paradox again recently and whenever I try to think about it I always get confused with the classical part of the analysis. Just as a brief summary, the setup of the paradox is ...
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Why are observables hermitian operators in the Everett interpretation?

Observables correspond to hermitian operators on the quantum state. But in the Everett interpretation, the wave function doesn’t collapse since we consider the entire universe as a single quantum ...
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How does the Many Worlds Interpretation define probability? [closed]

I'm not asking for any derivation. What is probability related to in the MWI? Is related to the fraction of observers that see various outcomes? Or something more objective?
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3answers
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Accessible resources for learning Bohmian mechanics? (Undergrad)

I am an undergraudate physics and math major. For context, I've taken senior level quantum 1 as well as real and complex analysis. I'd be really interested in focusing on understanding the ...
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2answers
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Why do we need the third axiom of QM to explain the wave function collapse? Why don't we use the decoherence process as an axiom?

I've always seen the standard interpretation and axioms of QM as in some way tricky on a philosophical level. They state the collapse of the wave function is caused by the measurement. 3.b If $A$ ...
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1answer
135 views

Is the Everettian interpretation the only 'realist' interpretation which has been actively researched for relativistic quantum theories? [closed]

I take it that quantum interpretations can be roughly classified into realist and instrumentalist interpretations. In the former category we have the De Broglie-Bohm interpretation, Everettian ...
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118 views

Does the Copenhagen interpretation really predict that Schrödinger's cat is both alive and dead?

Accoring to the Wikipedia article Schrödinger's cat, the answer is yes. I really don't think so. I don't think Schrödinger's cat is a good example because in fact, it's not the case that it will with ...
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7answers
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How can a particle's position be random and uncertain in quantum mechanics if it is already pre-determined in relativity?

In relativity, to my knowledge, the path of an object is described by its worldline in spacetime, and since time is a part of the spacetime geometry, an object's worldline--in a sense--always exists ...
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How do we interpret the many-worlds interpretation in daily life?

Of course one can say it is futile to reason about that. But if one does could perhaps reveal a wrong understanding of the MWI. Or it could clarfy how far one can extend this interpretation. Sean ...
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Does our planet's inorganic period negate the concept of creation through observation?

How can our physical world (only) manifest itself to us through observation when we know that our planet experienced a long inorganic phase that predated organic evolution by millions of years? In ...
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1answer
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Quantum mechanics in terms of density operators as the fundamental object? [duplicate]

So I've done a two courses in undergrad quantum mechanics, the first began with wave mechanics and then went on to bras and kets, the second course went more into detail regarding bras, kets, hilbert ...
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1answer
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What if we didn't know if particle is observed in double-slit experiment? [duplicate]

The famous double slit experiment shows how light behave like a wave when sensors near one slit are on and recording vs not recording. I didn't find a lot of details, but especially given the case ...
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1answer
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Information interpretations of QM [closed]

There are now several good books on QM interpretations, some popular, some advanced-popular. I've read a couple. At best, they mention information-theory interpretation, but without explaining how ...
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Does Bohmian mechanics really solve the measurement problem?

I'm working a lot on Bohmian mechanics related theories and just realised something that had escaped me until now but actually seems to throw a wrench in the core idea of the theory. I tried to ...
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What are good books to study the basics of Local Realism?

I am trying to have a general understanding of the concepts of Local Realist theories and hidden variable models. I do not need a detailed developement of one of these theories, but only a general ...
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Significance of cube factory paradox

I am reading a book titled QBism, a description of the Bayesian interpretation of Quantum mechanics, The author describes the “... baffling cube factory paradox...”. A factory makes perfect cubes with ...
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1answer
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Comparing the Madelung and Groenewold-Moyal pictures of quantum mechanics

We can consider a dynamical theory to be a "transport theory" if it can be described entirely by a series of continuity equations of the form: $$\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t} + \nabla \cdot \left({...
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164 views

The role of the “observer” in quantum theory?

I've been reading about different ideas of getting the observer out of quantum theory. One Sean Carroll seems to like is Everett's many worlds concept. I had a thought that I need someone here to ...
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1answer
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Connection between theory of superconductivity and Bohmian mechanics

I stumbled upon an interesting chapter of Feynman Lectures about Superconductivity and was surprised to see that the equations of motion of the superconducting electron fluid (21.38 and 21.39) hold a ...
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Is electron/photon wave or particle in Feynman sum over histories formulation?

In the famous double slit experiment, a photon ( say) can behave as wave or particle depending on whether there is ( or how) an outside observer measuring the experiment. Copenhagen interpretation ...
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Spekken toy model: measurement of spin in any direction

Spekkens' toy model [1] can handle the measurement of a spin 1/2 along the directions $x$, $y$ and $z$. Unless I am missing something, it can't handle measurement in any direction. Would there be a ...
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288 views

Is Bohmian mechanics really incompatible with relativity?

This is something I've been wondering about. For those who don't know, Bohmian mechanics is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that is in the class of what are known as "hidden variable theories", ...
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Is the Many-Worlds Interpretation consistent with our best understanding of time? [closed]

Einstein's theory of relativity implies a B-theory of time. Deterministic interpretations of quantum mechanics such as the Many-Worlds would seem to be consistent with the B-theory. Regardless of ...
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Does the de Broglie-Bohm pilot wave theory make any new predictions?

I find the de Broglie-Bohm pilot wave theory interesting but what I still feel missing in the descriptions I could find so far is that it reformulates what we already know but nobody speaks of new ...
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Causal explanation of Vaidman's group “Asking photons where they have been” experiment?

There is this surprising "Asking photons where they have been" PRL 2013 article about experiment where they are able to "ask photons" which mirrors they have visited: by vibrating each mirror with ...
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Does the Frauchiger-Renner no-go theorem prove all interpretations other than Many Worlds are incorrect? [closed]

I haven't seen this questions asked here before, I used the search function so if it has been asked, then it didn't show up. I am asking in reference to this paper that was posted to the arXiv in ...