Questions tagged [pulsars]

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Why were pulsars not discovered in the visual spectrum?

In 1967, the first pulsar was discovered at a radio observatory in Cambridge. Radio astronomy started around the 1930s, but astronomy in the visible part of the spectrum had been done for a long time ...
0
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1answer
32 views

What is the propeller phase of a pulsar?

I am studying this paper: Isolated thermal neutron stars, soft gamma-ray repeaters and anomalous X-ray pulsars: propellers and early accretors with conventional magnetic fields? arxiv:astro-...
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0answers
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What is “Radiation damping stronger than inertia.”

I'm reading a paper on creating gamma rays in a lab and I've come across a phrase I simply don't understand; "Radiation Damping Stronger Than Inertia". As I understand it radiation damping is just ...
0
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1answer
112 views

How to understand the Einstein Delay?

In pulsar timing, one of the post-Keplerian parameters is the Einstein delay $\Delta E$. The total `flight time' of a photon emitted from a pulsar is then given by $$ \Delta t = \Delta R + \Delta E +...
2
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2answers
96 views

Einstein@Home - what is the purpose of “gamma pulsar binary search” tasks?

I participate in Einstein@Home program. My question is - what is the purpose of "gamma pulsar binary search" tasks? What signatures are being searched? How gamma pulsar binaries can help in study ...
6
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3answers
424 views

How did Jocelyn Bell aim her radio telescope (phased array)?

In 1967 Jocelyn Bell discovered pulsars using the Cambridge University radio telescope - a two hectare field of posts and wires. The pulsar was found to be in the constellation Vulpecula. How did ...
3
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1answer
78 views

How does the delay of pulsar signals prove that gravity travels at the speed of light?

In the Hulse-Taylor binary pulsar system, the orbit of the two neutron stars results in the warping of space time causing the pulses to arrive earlier and later because of the longer distance ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How is EMR “delayed” in pulsar dispersion if light speed is constant?

Pulsars emit one pulse that arrives at later times at lower frequencies. The reason I have read is: Since radio waves are a very low frequency form of light/electromagnetic radiation (ie photons)...
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0answers
35 views

Radio vs X-ray pulsar timing

The detection and timing of pulsars is a common goal in astronomy (eg.1, 2). Typically these observations are done in the radio. I appreciate that observations are taken in the X-ray as well, but is ...
0
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0answers
121 views

How to derive the inclination angle evolution of a dipolar pulsar?

The spin-down evolution of a simple vacuum pulsar model is well known. Using the power output of radiation emission of a rotating magnetic dipole, we get the following equation (assuming that the ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Where does the 10 km of neutrons stars comes from? [duplicate]

Neutrons stars are known to have a radius of about 10 km to 15 km. Where that size comes from ? How to theoretically derive that number, using Newton's theory of gravity ? I know the magnetic flux ...
1
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1answer
364 views

How to understand the units of Dispersion Measure?

In astrophysics and pulsar astronomy, a typical quantity is the dispersion measure or DM, which is the integral of the electron number density along the line of sight, $$ DM = \int_0^d n \, dl$$ up ...
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4answers
518 views

Due to relativity, does the surface of a pulsar have less area than the layer beneath it?

A pulsar or spinning neutron star can reach relativistic angular velocities. Special relativity asserts that objects traveling near the speed of light contract in length. Therefore, it seems ...
1
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2answers
243 views

Effect on pulsar signals of Earth's orbit

Do pulsar signals 'change' with our orbit? For example, if a pulsar was in Sagittarius, our orbit would have us 300 million km closer to it each May than we were in November. And also see us moving ...
1
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3answers
152 views

How much information can you obtain from a pulsar-black hole system?

Imagine that we have detected an interesting source in the sky that we believe is generated by a pulsar orbiting a black hole. The challenge here is the following: What physically relevant ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Time dilation of pulsar period in GR

Suppose I have a pulsar at some radius $r_p$ from a black hole and an observer at a radius $r_o$ where $r_o \gg r_p$. Assume that both the pulsar and observer are stationary. The pulsar 'pulses' at $...
3
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1answer
124 views

How is angular momentum stored in the superfluid component of pulsars?

I am trying to understand current theories about why pulsars glitch. I have come across two explanations that I'm assuming are complementary, but which I am having trouble reconciling. The inner ...
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0answers
19 views

How can I determine if A 34 meter antenna can be used as PTA?

What are the general requirements for any antenna, e.g., one with 34 m of dish, to be used as PTA (Pulsar Timing Array) monitoring? What are the main formulae to be used? How can the TOA (time of ...
8
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3answers
399 views

Why are pulsar's radiation beams collimated?

Every picture of a pulsar I see shows a very collimated radiation beam. What is the mechanism generating such a collimation? Note: I am not talking about "relativistic jets". I am talking about ...
0
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1answer
122 views

How can the angle to a pulsar be determined by measuring its redshift?

Suppose we (a spacecraft, probe, or similar) know our location only to within a few billion km (a few Tm) in any direction in 3D space, and we want to determine our location to a higher degree of ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Pulsar-white dwarf binary

In the paper from Hulse & Taylor 1975 on the first discovery of a pulsar in a binary system, they conclude that the companion to the pulsar must be a compact object, probably a neutron star or ...
3
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1answer
222 views

Why do we assert Hulse–Taylor binary system's orbital decay to gravitational waves and not radiation?

From this link The Hulse–Taylor system's orbit has decayed since the binary system was initially discovered, in precise agreement with the loss of energy due to gravitational waves. The ratio ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Direction of Gamma Ray Bursts

After a black hole consumes a star, why do gamma ray bursts only shoot out perpendicular to the spinning accretion disk? Why do they not shoot out parallel to the disk?
0
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1answer
73 views

Speed of light violation?

While reading this article Discovery of the companions of millisecond pulsars, it mentions a pulsar rotating multiple times a second, and I was wondering if this doesn't exceed the speed of light?
6
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2answers
345 views

Do the magnetic moments of neutrons mutually align to produce the magnetic field and emission beams of a pulsar and/or magnetar?

In this graphic of a pulsar the emission beams are at the north and south poles of the neutron star's magnetic field. I've read that the Earth's magnetic field is produced by a dynamo effect, whereby ...
7
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1answer
245 views

Do neutron stars emit stellar flares?

Since stellar flares are formed from the magnetic energy of a star, is it probable to assume that neutron stars can emit stellar flares as well? If so, how would the super fluid material of the star ...
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1answer
317 views

Crab pulsar radiation

Regarding the radiation from the Crab pulsar and nebula, some reading leads me to the following conclusions. The rotation energy of the neutron star is the source of the non-thermal electromagnetic ...
2
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1answer
736 views

Pulsar age determination

In one method to determine the age of a pulsar one assumes the spinning frequency $\nu$ to obey $\nu=-k\cdot\dot{\nu}^n$ where $k$ is some constant and $n$ is the braking index of the pulsar. For the ...
5
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1answer
244 views

Can you use pulsar observations to determine absolute time? How long can you go without anything else?

In this old answer of Steve Allen's, he quotes this nice passage Imagine for a moment what would happen if, just as a practical joke, someone found a way to stop all atomic clocks, just for a short ...
9
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3answers
307 views

Why are non-relativistic methods used in binary pulsar systems (gravitational waves)?

Although gravitational waves are a subject of the General Relativity, why do most books use Newtonian equations of motion for power radiated and rate of change of eccentricity calculations? In most ...
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2answers
1k views

Do Pulsar Stars produce sound?

Can I hear electromagnetic radiation coming from a pulsar star? Or can I hear it if I stand outside it?
3
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3answers
478 views

Magnetic Pole Emission from Pulsars

I've been reading up on some pulsar emission theory (admittedly written in the 70's and 80's, but I figured that's a good place to start), namely this review by Curtis Michel as well as the book Black ...
0
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2answers
140 views

Regarding binary systems (with pulsars)

Are binary systems (in case of stars and other celestial bodies) more favorable than independent existence? I've been going through an article regarding pulsars, where it was stated that 'many pulsars ...
3
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1answer
247 views

Pulsar beam radiant intensity distribution

I'm curious about the radiant intensity distribution of pulsars: what's the general dependence of intensity on angle, and what are typical angular beam widths? How much does the beam width vary ...
6
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1answer
3k views

Where to find information on the pulsar map written to Voyager's golden record?

Where might I find details about the pulsar map written on the Voyager's golden record? This diagram defines the location of our Sun utilizing 14 pulsars of known directions from our sun. The ...
9
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2answers
464 views

What causes millisecond pulsars to speed up?

Millisecond pulsars are supposed to be old neutron stars. However, they are spinning even more rapidly than newly formed pulsars. Since pulsars slow down as they age, something must have caused ...
2
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3answers
226 views

Ability to detect pulsars

Am I correct it remembering that unless a pulsars beams plane faces earth we can not detect them. And that similarly inbetween the pulses we can't see them either? If so how does this differ from ...
18
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3answers
5k views

Is it possible that all neutron stars are actually pulsars?

I'm assuming that what I've been told is true: We can only detect pulsars if their beams of electromagnetic radiation is directed towards Earth. That pulsars are the same as neutron stars, only that ...