Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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Finding electric power generated using heat transfer

I'm working through an example I have been given to study. Suppose I have a 2m X 4m photovoltaic panel on my roof that is irradiated with a solar flux of $G_s = 700W/m^2$. Given: $\alpha_s = 0.83$ $...
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What do I measure with power meter?

I modulate directly a laser diode by setting the pump current periodically from 0 A to $I_{on}$ A. I do it for different duty cycles and different frequencies. But I need to keep my average power of ...
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77 views

Geometric frustration in power transmission networks

I read this article concerning the detection of Braess Paradox on power transmission networks: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-power-grid-blackouts-braess-paradox.html Here is a quote from the article: ...
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Can I use the work done to calculate power of a motor?

I am trying to calculate the energy/ power required to move a plate up and down in a liquid. My approach is to calculate the forces that must be applied by the motor to push/pull the plate based on ...
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7answers
153 views

Why does incline on treadmill burn calories faster?

So I was at the gym today, running on the treadmill, when the question hit me: If I run with the treadmill on incline, I burn more calories. Since I run at the same speed, kinetic energy is constant, ...
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If UV radiation 1 cm away from the halogen bulb is equal to Sun's radiation, what is the level of radiation 1 meter away?

Halogen light bulbs emit some amount of UV radiation, and some sources consider them dangerous. Here it is written, that UV radiation (of certain types) from a particular halogen bulb was equal to the ...
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219 views

Will my car consume more if I plug in my laptop?

I drive a Volvo v40 with a 110hp diesel engine. It usually use 4.6L/100km. If I plug my laptop which is 85W, will this change the fuel need? If so, by how much?
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635 views

Nuclear physics problem, Why do we use high weight atomic elements?

So as far as I know, nuclear fission uses high weight atomic elements to manufacture power. If the risk of runaway reactions are a major reason for not expanding this technology, why don't we use ...
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2answers
659 views

Does gravity exert more “power” when an object is traveling faster? [duplicate]

So, this question arose when I was pondering the meaning of horsepower and torque in cars. I thought of the following question: There is a 1 kilogram weight on planet M. Planet M has no atmosphere ...
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692 views

Lorentz engine to run a car?

Could a Lorentz engine (like the ones that move the write head inside of hardrives) be used to run car ? Would it be possable to get it producing 60hp, and a decent amount of tourque, if so how large ...
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117 views

Power in series

I knew that power of two resistors in series is equal to $$\frac{P_1P_2}{P_1+P_2}$$ where $P_1$ and $P_2$ are the individual powers of the two resistors. I tried to prove it using $P=I^{2}R$ and I ...
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834 views

What is the physical meaning of the zeroth component of the Minkowski force 4-vector?

In David Griffiths' Intro to Electrodynamics, section on ED and relativity, he poses a simple problem regarding the zeroth component of the Minkowski force 4-vector for a charge $q$ moving with ...
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118 views

Is power still consumed when we switch off the lights?

I was having heated discussion with one of my friends. We were discussing Earth Hour and its role in saving electricity, and creating awareness. He stated that even if you turn off the lights, the ...
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Does the mass of a car frame has any effect on its horsepower?

I want to know whether decreasing the mass of the frame of a car will increase its horsepower. From what I understand horsepower is a measure of the car's ability to transport load, and decreasing the ...
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Confused about unit of kilowatt hours

So I am a little confused on how to deal with the Kilowatt hours unit of power, I have only ever used Kilowatts and I have to design a residential fuel cell used as a backup generator for one day. ...
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Sun constant formula derivation

In a book, I've to read for a class at my university, called 'Duurzame Energietechniek' (Dutch, translated: renewable energy) they gave a formula that looks like: $$\text{G}_\text{sc}\left(\text{n}\...
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What assumptions would I have to make to rigorously prove power equals force dotted with velocity, $P=\mathbf{F}\cdot\mathbf{v}$?

$\newcommand{\F}{\mathbf{F}}$$\newcommand{\r}{\mathbf{r}}$$\newcommand{\v}{\mathbf{v}}$$\newcommand{\d}[2]{ \frac{ d #1 }{ d #2 }}$ There’s a well-known known formula for the power $P$ exerted on a ...
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Why do power lines use high voltage?

I have just read that using high voltage results in low current, which limits the energy losses caused by the resistance of the wires. What I don't understand is why it works this way. Does it have ...
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3answers
4k views

Is Ohm's law obeyed in power transmission?

We learnt in high school that according to Ohm's law $V/I=R$. We also learnt that during power transmission in an electric line $P=VI$ and that in order to minimize loss voltage is raised. As a ...
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An Ideal Transformer

In a transformer assumed to be transformer, power in the primary is equal to power in the secondary. So in a sense, the power in the secondary is 'fixed'. Output voltage in the secondary is also fixed ...
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129 views

What happens to $P = F × v$ for a car moving on a frictionless surface and in vacuum?

I'm considering a scenario in which a car with an engine capable of producing maximum power of 200 hp is moving on a frictionless surface and in vacuum. Since no work is lost due to friction or air ...
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221 views

Could a civilisation contact us by laser from 50 light years away?

The Kepler Space Mission has discovered over 1,000 planets. These discoveries may increase the confidence of some people that other civilisations exist. That is an opinion issue, and not what I want ...
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874 views

Finding power in series circuit

A resistor of resistance 12 ohms is connected in series with a cell of negligible internal resistance. The power dissipated in the resistor is P. The resistor is replaced with a resistor of resistance ...
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2k views

Mechanics Question: Energy, Work and Power

I'm a pure mathematician by trade, and have been trying to teach myself A-level mechanics. (This is not homework, it is purely self-study.) I've been working through the exercises and have come up ...
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Why do we need more power to do a job fast? [closed]

Let's assume we have two identical electric trains. One has a big electric motor (high power) and the other has small motor (low power). Let us assume the electric motors are of the same brand and ...
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1answer
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Is there any significance to 1.21 GW?

In connection with a related question on Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange page: does this number 1.21 GW make any sense? What is 1.21 GWatts? With what can you compare it? Can the ...
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1answer
140 views

Boiling water reactor

What are the typical power densities in conventional boiling water nuclear reactor per cubic centimeter of fission material?
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345 views

How Much Power Is Required to Hover?

Suppose I have a spaceship that weighs 1,000 kilograms. I take it to the surface of the planet with a gravitational acceleration of 10 meters per second-squared. The planet has no atmosphere and I'm ...
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1answer
59 views

Is a Microwave oven without a faraday cage a health hazard?

Microwave ovens have something of a Faraday-cage/shield to keep from leaking (emitting) EM radiation. What would happen if the shield or the door was removed? No doubt it would be less efficient as ...
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How much power in a lightning strike?

The Biblical story of 1 Kings 18:20-40 relates how a lightning strike ignited a bulls carcass, as well as a wood pyre, both of which had been thoroughly wetted with abundant water. Is there enough ...
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Why does discharging a capacitor give a higher power output than using a battery?

Let's say you charge a capacitor with a 10V battery. The capacitor will have a potential difference (pd) of 10V once it is fully charged. If you then connect a light bulb to the capacitor, the pd ...
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439 views

Does a rocket engine apply more power as the rocket's speed increases? [duplicate]

To clarify my level of knowledge, I'm a high school student all the way through AP Physics C: Mechanics. So, let's imagine that there is a rocket travelling through the vacuum of space (ignoring ...
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What is the relation between Work and Power? [closed]

If I lift 40 kg 6 times 60 centimeters, is that 40*6*0,6*9,82 Joule? And then if I take the time into account, I will know the Watts? Or did I misunderstand? The background is that I read that you ...
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1answer
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Why is power dissipated in a circuit maximum when external resistance is equal to the internal resistance in the circuit? [closed]

[![question 24][1]][1]Suppose in a circuit the battery has emf 6V and internal resistance 3ohm. It is connected to an external resistance = R ohm. According to my ...
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179 views

Power vs. Speed - Indoor rowing

In the sport of indoor rowing (and probably others) I know that to double your speed you must increase your power output by a factor of eight. I am wondering why this is the case. The indoor rower ...
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1answer
318 views

Why are GPS transmitting signals made so weak?

Twice this year, my car's GPS receiver got totally lost. It seemed the cause of this was heavy cloud, (because I can't think of any other reason), and the GPS stayed in "Recalculating" mode, until ...
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2answers
189 views

Non-linear relationship between power supplied and perceived brightness in a filament lamp?

I was expecting the relationship between these two to be linear, but after conducting an experiment my data fits almost exactly on the curve, $y = 2800.2 x^{2.0173}$, where $y$ is the brightness in ...
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111 views

Why are large batteries described by their power?

Reading about renewable energy sources, I came across the idea to use huge batteries as a temporary storage to be able to deal with the fluctuations that e.g. solar panels might produce. The most ...
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2answers
2k views

Measuring energy when no work is done — comparing push-ups to planks

tl;dr Is there any meaningful (physical) way to compare the energy expended in the exercise of doing $x$ pushups in $t_1$ seconds, vs the exercise of doing the plank for $t_2$ seconds? I'm confused ...
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275 views

Can wireless power transfer harm organic life by anyway?

Now, humanity can beam 50-60 watts power through 10 centimeter-thick concrete block. Can such wireless power transfer harm us by anyways?
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Do Alkaline batteries, $\mathrm{NiMH}$, rechargeable alkaline, Lithium $\mathrm{AA}$, all have similar MAX POWER?

So in physics, one smart teacher told me, $$ V = IR $$ or $$ I = \frac{V}{R} $$ but it is not always true, because $P = VI$ and each power supplying device (such as battery) has a "maximum power" it ...
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631 views

How to determine which bulb will be the brightest in the series and parallel connection?

I stumbled upon these sentences while studying and this seems to be horribly confusing. resistance is proportional to the inverse of the power of the bulb in series connection and so the bulb with ...
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2answers
64 views

Different locations of a pump in a tube

I'm confused about pumps in fluid dynamics. As far as I understand, the basic effect of a pump which deliver a power $\mathcal{P}$ can be described with modified bernoulli equation between a point $A$...
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4answers
789 views

$ P = \frac {V^2}{R} $ derivation confusion [duplicate]

I have always had a confusion of why we use $ P = V I $ or $ P = I^2 R $ and not $ P = \frac {V^2}{R} $ for relating to power loss due to heat in high tension lines. I know there are a lot of ...
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2answers
406 views

Why dont you take derivative of force in definition of power ? P=F.v

The derivative of work is $\bf F\cdot v .$ $$P(t)= \frac{\mathrm dW}{\mathrm dt}= \mathbf{F\cdot v}=-\frac{\mathrm dU}{\mathrm dt}\;.$$ But why not $$(\mathrm d(\mathbf F)/\mathrm dx)\cdot \mathbf x ...
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1answer
57 views

Radioisotope beta decay generator

Why are there no electrical generators utilising the electron/s of beta decay from a radioisotope for generating a working current? For example, how much radioisotope would I need to generate 1A or ...
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3answers
11k views

Calculate acceleration from power [closed]

I am currently programming a simple computer space ship simulation. This is just for fun to train my programming, 3D graphics and a little bit of physics skills. What I want is the user to pick a ...
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1answer
368 views

Could geothermal energy extraction in Yellowstone significantly diminish the threat of a supervolcano?

I recently read an article about a team in Iceland that had managed to drill directly into magma coming up from the earth's mantle, and then use the resulting bore-hole to generate steam to power ...
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2answers
651 views

Power as a Function of Distance

I am interested in trying to understand the meaning of the integral of power with respect to distance. In the case of force, we have the two formulae: $\int F \, \operatorname{d}\!t = \Delta p$ and $\...
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2answers
1k views

Human power on treadmill

On an elliptical treadmill a regular person can easily burn 1000 calories in one hour (treadmill reports calories burnt). This translates into: $$(1\times 10^3\mathrm{cal/hr}\times 4.2\times10^3\...