Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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Power dissipation in circuits:Why is high voltage used in power lines?

I know this question has been asked before, but there is one doubt I still cannot clear. Power dissipation is proportional to $I^2R$. Does this not mean that it is also proportional to $V^2/R$? If ...
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Is a billion volt electrical transmission line possible?

Because $$ P_{\,\displaystyle\rm loss}=\frac{P^2R}{V^2} $$ in an electrical line where $R$ is the total resistance Why not use a $1$ billion volt line instead of a $800\,\rm kv$ line? Is there a ...
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What does it mean when we say that power of a bulb is 10 W? Since $V/I=$ resistance is a constant, how can power $=VI$ be a constant?

My question is simple. In Ideal situation, at constant temperature, we know that normal appliances like a filament bulb has straight Voltage vs Current graph, meaning its resistance is constant or ...
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2answers
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Why is there no upper-bound on power-efficiency of Hydro-turbines?

We have Betz's law, an upper bound on power efficiency, for wind-turbines. But there is no theoretical upper limit on hydro-turbines, Why this is so? Is it mainly due to the incompressibility of ...
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2answers
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Is it possible to get energy from electrical wire using induction?

Pardon me if this is a stupid question but my physics courses are from a long long time ago and I was a teenager back then. ;) Electricity in a wire generates electromagnetism, right? Would it be ...
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394 views

How is the dot product a generalization of multiplication?

I've seen an interesting explanation for lots of what I previously thought were unmotivated definitions in Newtonian mechanics, namely that power is always defined as effort times flow. But when ...
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Why high voltage transmission lines?

This is a question which I seem to have tackled multiple times, solved each time after reading a dodgy internet explanation, then partially forgotten about and retackled half a year later. It is time ...
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1answer
969 views

Why aren't (domestic) kettles insulated?

In my experience of buying and using kettles, I have come across none which are insulated. The obvious reasons as to why it would be beneficial being that heating time would be reduced, similarly, ...
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262 views

Did Usain Bolt really sustain 11 horsepower of exerted power during the 100 m sprint?

I've just come across a WP article which says: "The Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt produced a maximum of 3.5 hp (2.6 kW) 0.89 seconds into his 9.58 second 100-metre (109.4 yd) dash" Out of curiosity, I ...
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726 views

How should I think about voltage and power?

I have been extremely confused about exactly how to think about voltage (and power) when it comes to circuit analysis. In physics, voltage is just described as the energy required to move a unit ...
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1answer
597 views

How does the energy remain conserved in a transformer?

The induced voltage in the secondary coil of a transformer is given as $\frac { { N }_{ S } }{ { N }_{ P } } *{ V }_{ P }$ (where ${ N }_{ P}$ and ${ N }_{ S }$ are the number of turns in the primary ...
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Why do people with bigger hands/wrists have bigger torque advantages in arm wrestling?

I have arm wrestled people with less strength than me who win simply because they have thicker wrists, or larger hands. It has nary to do with having better technique either, because their wrist size ...
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1answer
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Calculating displacement amplitude of ultrasonic power transducer

I am not a physicist, but my current project drives me to some physics-related computations, hence seeking help. I have some ultrasonic transducers, 5938D-25LBPZT, for which very limited information ...
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1answer
103 views

Have Sterling Engines Been Used In Outer Space?

I was reading about Stirling Generators having potential applications for power generation in outer space. Have Stirling engines ever been sent into space?
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1answer
130 views

Passively moving air [closed]

I'm interested in channeling air into an underground condenser to generate water. Which of these approaches would be most appropriate, and is there a better approach I haven't considered? A: A wind-...
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How much power to keep surface of aluminum plate at given temperature? [closed]

I want to heat one side of an aluminum plate enough to hold the other side of that plate $100K$ above ambient. I'm willing to assume that the heated side of the plate is "well" insulated (along with ...
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444 views

Why does a rocket engine have increasing power as the speed of the rocket increases? [duplicate]

Sorry to repeat this question, but I got no definite answer last time, so I am trying to state the question more clearly. Power = force x distance / time = force x velocity. So if we apply a small ...
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Can a nuclear reactor meltdown be contained with molten lead?

If lead can absorb or block radiation, would it be possible to pump molten lead into a reactor core which is melting, so that it would eventually cool and contain the radiation? Is there something ...
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4answers
18k views

What is the relationship and difference between BHP and Torque?

I've recently been looking into performance figures for various auto mobiles, and I see the terms BHP and Torque used quite often, but I can't say I really understand the terms, or how they relate to ...
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Power to suspend a mass in air

How much power is needed to suspend a mass in the air? The four parts below deal with the same problem. I post them all here, should there be some subtle things I didn't see. The textbook problem A ...
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6answers
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How power lines use high voltages with a low current?

I've read that power lines use high voltages and low currents to reduce power loss due to resistance. Looking at the formula for power - P = VI So to increase P, you increase V rather than I for ...
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Harvesting electricity in the air from power lines:

Recently I came across this quote on the internet, about a person who apparently set up devices to extract electricity from the "air", on his own property: I read an article a couple of years ago ...
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113 views

How can we show Power = $\mathbf{F}\cdot \mathbf{v}$? [duplicate]

How can we say that $$\text{Power} = \mathbf{F}\cdot \mathbf{v}$$ We know that small work done by a force $\mathbf{F}$ to displace an object by '$\mathbf{x}$' is $$W = \mathbf{F}\cdot \mathbf{x}$$ ...
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Why does the work-energy theorem need to include internal forces?

Can anyone kindly explain me why work energy theorem must also include internal forces? The proof of work energy theorem is derived from Newton's laws of motion, but Newton's laws of motion don't ...
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How are the CPU power and temperature caculated/estimated?

From Wikipedia The power consumed by a CPU, is approximately proportional to CPU frequency, and to the square of the CPU voltage: $$ P = C V^2 f $$ (where C is capacitance, f is frequency ...
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655 views

Should we forget fusion and focus on geothermal power? [closed]

Firstly I can say that I would love us to come up with a sustainable fusion solution. However with the latest estimates being 2050 at the earliest for an effective fusion solution and the planets ...
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238 views

High Voltage Powerlines - clarification of energy loss

I've been having a bit of trouble understanding the High-Voltage powerlines. If I was sending power from $A \rightarrow B$, we have: Ohm's law $V = IR$ Power lost in the form of heat $P = I^2 R$ ...
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339 views

RMS Values in AC Circuits

When do you use RMS values when calculating power? My physics textbook provides several equations for determining the power dissipated in AC circuits. For example, there are power equations using ...
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2k views

Engine fuel consumption vs power

Something that has bothered me for a long time is why a 600 hp engine uses more fuel per kilometer than a 80 hp engine. Let pretend I have two equal cars (same shape same weight etc) except for the ...
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693 views

What does Power really mean?

I've been trying to solve a problem for some time. I have been given conflicting information by both literature, colleagues and people on this very forum. It's a very simple question: What is the ...
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7k views

Does the 'mAh' rating of a battery have something to do with its power?

I'm curious about the 'mAh' of a battery: how can this impact the power of the battery? I've done some research on the internet, and most of the articles I found explain about the 'amount of charge ...
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1answer
300 views

Lifetime of battery

If I directly connect two terminals of 3V battery (negative to positive) using copper wire, would it lose all its charge faster compared to another 3V battery that is used to lighten a 1.5V bulb?
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1answer
190 views

Can a solar thermal collector designed for use in homes ever power a stirling engine designed for use in homes?

Can a solar thermal collector common on private roofs today designed for collecting heat for the household ever collect enough heat to power a stirling engine of say this model: http://www.whispergen....
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1answer
340 views

How much power can be drawn from stray electromagnetism in the atmosphere?

I know this probably varies quite a bit from place to place on earth. But just some rough estimates: if I were to pull power via multiple antennae tuned to a variety of different frequencies, how much ...
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63 views

Why does current arrange itself in such a way as to minimize power loss in resistors connected in parallel?

In problem 2 in Problem Set 6, it is said: "Electricity prefers to flow in the way that minimizes energy loss to resistance." Using Lagrange multipliers I was able to show that assuming the above ...
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1answer
80 views

Why is beam forming more energy efficient than a straight up omnidirectional signal?

Someone tried to explain the process of beam forming to me, and how beam forming is far more efficient than an omnidirectional signal of similar amplitude. This seemed obvious at the time: the power ...
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933 views

How many photons in a ultrafast laser pulse?

Photon has a specific wavelength $\lambda$. Imagine we created a mode-locked pulse, with $80\: \text{MHz}$ repetition rate, i.e. pulse are separated by $13\: \text{ns}$. The pulse duration is $4\: \...
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Difference between $I^2R$ and $V^2/R$ and $VI$ for measuring power $P$

We use $I^2R$ or $V^2/R$ or $VI$ for measuring power $P$. Are all of these applicable for all circuits? I have seen in some circuit $V^2/R$ is not equal to $I^2R$. Why is that?
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Calculating kWh from time series of kW

I have a time series of kW where each sample is measured at regular intervals (10 seconds). Could anyone explain to me how could I calculate the total power consumed (kWh) over an hour? Thanks
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How much electricity can be produced by my thermoelectric generator?

I am using a thermoelectric cooler from a pc's heatsink to produce electricity. Its size is 30mm by 30mm. I will cool it on one side at -10 degree Celsius and the other at 24 degree Celsius. Can ...
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Loss of Power at high frequencies

One of my work colleagues told me that a cable he is sending a signal through is losing power at high frequencies. So he recommends the signal should be amplified before being sent. The explanation ...
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Flux linkage inside of a conductor

Can someone explain to me why the flux linkage inside of a conductor is dependent on the cross sectional area of the conductor? My book says that d$\lambda$ = $(x/r)^2\phi$ where $\phi$ is the ...
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1answer
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How much power does it take to keep a massive particle suspended in a gravitational field?

For instance if I have a rocket of mass $m$ in a uniform gravitational field $g$, and I want to keep it floating in the air via thrust alone, then how much power in the form of (say) chemical energy ...
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2answers
987 views

Counter rotating propellers: better in same column or staggered?

In an octo-copter design, is it better to put four pairs of counter-rotating props over each other so that each pair works in a column together? Or will you get more power or efficiency from ...
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2answers
661 views

Inefficiency Comparison of Car Air Conditioning vs. Open Windows

On a recent long, hot journey in Spain, I was pondering which was the most efficient way of cooling the car. Which of these would be the most effective? Switching on the air conditioning, thereby ...
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Power consumption of a qubit?

I keep hearing “A quantum computer will consume so much power that it'll need a dedicated power plant.” I'm trying to find literature to back this up. I would love to get an estimate for the ...
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1answer
756 views

How does the voltage source provide energy in a circuit?

I understand that a voltage source drives the current to flow from the terminal with lower potential to the terminal with higher potential. However, if the electrons are gaining potential energy then ...
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42 views

work of body remaining still in gravitational field

How to quantify power output of a statite? It's a kind of (non-)satellite, that remains immobile in relation to the central body (e.g. hovering over one of the poles of a planet) through continuous ...
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1answer
56 views

Can a transformer transfer all power?

How can the transformer transfer exact power from primary winding to secondary winding if there are core losses, eddy current losses and hysteresis losses?
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175 views

What are some ways that humans could have influence over what sequence a star was in?

How would a society go about either preventing our sun in its primary sequence from going into a Red Giant a billion years from now? Or perhaps, accelerating the process of going from main sequence ...