Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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How to convert average horse power?

My question is " A locomotive engine draws a load $m$ pounds up an inclined plane making angle $a$ with horizontal, the coefficient of friction being $k$ . If starting from rest and moving ...
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321 views

Conducting ring free-falling in a variable magnetic field

Consider a free-falling conducting ring oriented horizontally to Earth's surface. It then enters a region with magnetic field $B = B_o(1+\lambda z)$ where $+z$ is the vertical direction upwards. By ...
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How is radiance conserved? - Power/intensity misconception

Before getting to the main question I'd like to clear some pretty basic concepts regarding energy/power/intensity as my physics is pretty rusty. According to wiki In radiometry, radiant flux or ...
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60 views

mechanical power in moving coordinate system

Suppose I have an object resting on top of a table. There are two forces acting on the object: gravitational pull and the supporting force from the table. It is pretty obvious, that the table is doing ...
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36 views

How to increase power in a geared system using P = (omega)(torque)

Could someone give me a basic, intuitive explanation on how to increase power in a geared system using the P = omega*torque formula? By geared system I mean two connected gears, where the first one ...
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31 views

what does the “T” really represent in the signal power equation

In the signal power equation $$ P(g(t)) = \lim _{T\to \infty }{\frac{\left(\int_{-\frac{T}{2}}^{\frac{T}{2}}g\left(t \right)^2dt\ \right)}{T}} $$ What does the $T$ really represent ? From my ...
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What is the sound power produced at a defined frequency by a woofer of given diameter and excursion?

Assuming an infinitely rigid woofer of a given diameter and oscillating with a given excursion at a given frequency, what is the SPL (sound pressure level) at 1 m distance? I found https://en....
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36 views

How to devise a microwave power sensor?

I am fairly aware of the general thermistor/ diode/ thermocouple methods of sensing microwave power. Currently my requirements are simpler: A device that senses only microwave power incident on it - ...
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71 views

Question about power

Say we have a waterfall and we know that 10kg of water falls over the ledge per second. We are also given that the acceleration due to gravity is 10m/s^2, and the distance to the ground is 5m. We are ...
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2answers
88 views

Electromagnetic plane wave interaction with metal plate

Given a plane wave with $\overrightarrow E$ field parallel to $z$ axis and a square metal plate in $xy$ plane. Suppose we know the power of the incident wave and the size of the plate, how can we ...
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47 views

“Reference dependence of fuel gauges” in classical mechanics

The power exercised by a force on an object is dependent on the velocity of the object and hence the frame of reference. I am wondering wherein the error lies with arguments such as the ones presented ...
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96 views

Why does having a high input impedance and low output impedance cause minimal voltage drop when you connect two circuits?

Say you connect Circuit A with low output impedance to circuit B with high input impedance. Why does this cause minimal voltage drop compared to connecting them the other way around (high output to ...
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Wind Power in a Wind Tunnel

Two questions in one day! What? Okay, so the power equation for air flow is as follows: $$ P = 1/2 \cdot \rho \cdot A \cdot V^3 $$ In a wind tunnel due to the Bernoulli principle as the area ($A$) ...
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5k views

Relationship of Pump Power to Flow Rate

I read two different things about the relationship between power (P) of a pump and flow rate (Q). The most common thing that I found was simply that Q is directly proportional to P (power-of-pump). ...
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1answer
27 views

Experiment to determine cyclette power

I have a cyclette with 8 resistance levels set magnetically using a knob (a magnet is moved near the rotating disk thereby increasing its rotating resistance). The distance from the pedal to the ...
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77 views

Why does only one of the DC circuit power equations work for me here?

I know that $$ P=IV=I^2R=\frac{V^2}{R}$$ I solved for the current using the loop rule $$I=.47$$ but to solve for the Power output of the 16V battery I could only find the power by finding the ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the relation between a fixed force and work?

How would you translate a constant force into work or energy? If I have a way to output 100KN continuously, how can I translate that into watts? Is there a formula for that translation?
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596 views

Question on work, energy and power

The engine of a train is working at a constant rate. The maximum speed of the train up a certain incline is $V_{1}$ and the maximum speed down the same incline is $V_{2}$. Then if the train moves on a ...
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79 views

Fixed voltage source & maximized power

The goal of a voltage source like a battery for example is that it will provide a fixed voltage regardless of the load resistance. The battery has internal resistance Ri If R_L≫R_i, the voltage ...
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2answers
195 views

Why does potential energy time-derivative depend only on the mass flow?

This is a homework exercise, but I don't want specifically to tell me how to resolve the exercise. I want you to help me what's wrong here, and why I can't do it. Water is pumped from a lake to a ...
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441 views

Measuring output optical power of an LED

How do I measure the output optical power of an LED? I have a detector that measures output power of a laser incident on a small opening. The problem with using the LED with the same detector is that ...
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35 views

Transformer vs Inductor for lighting a bulb or any other appliance

There was a question in my school physics exam which is as follows: Consider a 100W bulb which operates at 50V dc. John wants to light this bulb by a 200V ac source. What component should he use, ...
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302 views

How much heat can be adsorbed in a solar parabolic trough?

How do I know the produced heat on the focal point of a solar parabolic trough per different radius if made from steel and also from glass?
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1answer
413 views

Predicting top speed of a flywheel [duplicate]

I connect a DC motor to a flywheel with a given moment of inertia. I then supply that motor with a constant voltage and current for an infinite time interval. What do I need to know about my motor to ...
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3answers
855 views

Difference between energy loss at high voltage and high current

When reading about power transmission one very common statement is that power is transmitted at high voltage to minimize loss in the form of heat. What confuses me is the governing equation. Aren't $...
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1answer
81 views

How much power is needed to drive two times faster?

Suppose a cyclist riding at speed $v$ decides to accelerate to speed $2v$. Does she have to generate $8$ times more power to sustain that speed? $P_1=F_dv$ If we double the speed, (it usually ...
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1answer
31 views

Why does power loss in pure metal caused by temperature is calculated base on $P=I^2R$ but not $\frac{U^2}{R}$

$$P=I^2R=\frac{U^2}{R}$$ The metal's resistivity is temperature dependent, neglect the change in size by temperature. The power loss of a pure metal when it drop form temperature $T_1$ to $T_2$ is $$...
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1answer
80 views

How to Calculating power using smart phone?

I'm writing a smart phone app and one of it's functions is to calculate power of the vehicle that the phone is travelling in. The user enters the total weight of the vehicle and the app uses the ...
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65 views

Does the power of the resistor change when the battery is changed?

Wanted to know whether the changing of a battery (potential difference)affects the change of power consumption of a resistor of a bulb. please tell me how the change will occur?
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95 views

can a power supply with high voltage value and some current be split into multiple small voltages of same current?

For example: if I have a source that can give an output of 10,000 Volts with some unknown current value, now, can i make that 10,000 Volts to 50 (need not be 50 exactly but maybe more than 30) of 200 ...
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1answer
760 views

Speed to power conversion

Here it is stated that there is a cubic relationship between fan speed and power consumption (Pfan ∝ FanSpeed^3). I have the fan speed (m/s), but I need to convert it into power (W). How can I compute ...
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electromagnetic losses at conductor interface at high frequencies??

Skin depth effect reminder When an electromagnetic wave arrives at a conductor interface of conductivity $\sigma$ , most of it is reflected back. Only a small fraction penetrates as an evanescent ...
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How does one measure the power factor?

How does one measure the power factor? $$\text{power factor}\equiv\frac{\text{power}}{|V||I|}=\frac{R}{\sqrt{R^2+(1/\omega^2C^2)}}$$ for an RC circuit driven with $V(t)=V_0\cos{(\omega t)}$.
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Car Motion: Power and Distance: Air Drag [closed]

I need to workout the amount of Power required by a car, in order to overcome air drag forces. I have figured out that, Power = c(Velocity^3). But, I am unable to understand Power's relation with ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the equivalent of the “amount of fuel” for a battery?

I am trying to make a performance diagram of an electrical powered device vs range, speed, etc. I want to compare it using the equivalent of fuel for a battery? I am not sure if it is just voltage... ...
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1answer
76 views

Too many antennas around a single energy transmitting antenna?

I am not a physicist. So I am not even sure, if I am phrasing this question properly. Lets say there is a wireless transmitter transmitting energy. Let us say I place $N$ number of antennas around it ...
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1answer
126 views

Out of phase AC transmission lines in parallel

I've been reading up on power transmission networks and came across this thing. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadrature_booster Basically it balances the load between two parallel power lines by ...
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1answer
102 views

Power spectral density of noise: what is $\mathcal{N_0}$ in $S_X(f)=\mathcal{N_0}/2$?

My question is regarding power spectral density of white gaussian noise. It is known that the power spectral density of white gaussian noise is $$S_X(f)= \frac{\mathcal{N_0}}{2}$$ My question is does ...
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1answer
175 views

Parallel Resistors (special cases formula)

1) A car's rear window defroster uses $n=15$ strips of resistive wire in a parallel arrangement. If the total resistance is 1.4 ohms, what is the resistance of one wire? Solution: I rearranged the ...
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4answers
162 views

High power short duration from low energy source?

1MW, can 1000Joules source of energy deliver 1M of power in 1 millisecond? $Energy =$ $P$ $x$ $t$ , so does it make sense to have small amounts of energy in large pulses of power? In an extremely ...
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1answer
115 views

Getting maximum power/brightness from 5 lightbulbs with different resistances [closed]

Hi I am trying to figure out the best way to arrange 5 lightbulbs to get all of them to have the maximum brightness with a 30V battery. The 5 five lightbulbs have different resistances: 3ohms, 6ohms, ...
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2answers
281 views

Question on power

A wind turbine produces a power $P$ when the wind speed is $v$. Assuming that the efficiency of the turbine is constant, the best estimate for the power produced when the wind speed becomes $2v$ is (...
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2answers
6k views

How can you use magnets to rotate a shaft, which in turn powers a generator? [duplicate]

I recently was given the task to create power using magnets, I would think that if I were to put some same poled magnets together, and they were facing the same poled magnets, they would repel and ...
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1answer
113 views

Quadrupling Power in a Circuit

If I have a heating wire with resistance $R$ to be connected across a constant potential difference $V$, it would seem like cutting the wire into two (thus each having half the resistance) and ...
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35 views

How to measure power used to sustain something in a (gravitational) field? [duplicate]

I've read this question and answers, but neither of the posts does seem to address my concerns. The problem is as follows: Assuming a device that keeps something in a gravitational field on a ...
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1answer
5k views

Power loss and Joule's law of heating

I really can't understand the power loss law. If we have a wire carrying a $15\:\mathrm{V}$ and $1\:\mathrm{ A}$ going into an inverter, giving $150\:\mathrm{V}$ and $0.1\:\mathrm{A}$, if we want to ...
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166 views

Determing aperture size for space-based-solar-power laser transmitter

I have hit a bit of a roadblock in my simulation. In the equation I require the aperture size for the laser source. $$I_a ≈ \frac{\lambda d}{A}$$ $I_a$ = aperture atop the atmosphere ($m$) $\lambda$ ...
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1answer
112 views

Why is the steady speed neglected when calculating work or power? [closed]

A driver notices that her 1080-kg car, when in neutral, slows down from 95 km/hr to 65 km/hr in about 7.0s on a flat horizontal road. Approximately what power (watts and hp) is needed to keep the car ...
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2answers
67 views

Power of a river

I'm trying to calculate the power of the Mississippi, using the section of the river as it passes through New Orleans. I have the flow rate of a river, turned into a mass flow rate of $16,992,000 \:\...
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1answer
43 views

Doubt between power consumption and flow of current

Suppose we have two electrical element say A and B where A having greater resistance than B , So here we say that power consumption of A is greater than B ,but when they are connected to seperate ...