Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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2answers
580 views

How much power in a lightning strike?

The Biblical story of 1 Kings 18:20-40 relates how a lightning strike ignited a bulls carcass, as well as a wood pyre, both of which had been thoroughly wetted with abundant water. Is there enough ...
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70 views

Power in electrical circuits

Why does $P=i^2R$ apply only to transfer of electrical potential energy to thermal energy in a device with resistance while $P=iV$ apply to electrical energy transfers of all kinds?
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112 views

Where to use $I^2R$ and $\frac{V^2}{R}$ for power [closed]

I was given the following question, Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct? (a) Resistance of the filament of the bulb is inversely proportional to the power of the bulb. (...
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1answer
35 views

Power expression for a dynamic force

Given that: $$W=\int_{x_0}^x \vec{F}\cdot d\vec{x}$$ and assuming $F$ is time dependent, we get: $$\frac{dW}{dt} = \int_{x_0}^x \frac{d\vec{F}}{dt}\cdot d\vec{x}+\vec{F}(x,t)\cdot \vec{v}$$ ...
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3answers
69 views

Does it make sense to compare mechanical wattages to electrical wattages?

A smartphone might produce 1 watt of power. A voltage of 1 volt producing 1 ampere of current over 1 second is 1 watt of power. (Did I do that right?) Or a kid pushing a toy block might produce 1 ...
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1answer
296 views

Can the intensity of a sound wave in a minimum be greater than intensity in a maximum?

Suppose to have two speakers $A$ and $B$ one in front of the other, producing coherent sound waves with the same frequency $f$ and power $P$. In different positions on the line connecting the speakers ...
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1answer
48 views

In 3 three power system, can damage occurs from incorrectly connected phases?

A three phase generator, no grid involved, phase 1 connected to phase 3 on the load, and phase connected to phase 1 on load, what is going to happen?
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2answers
825 views

What is the power given by centripetal force?(in circular motion)

A particle of mass $m$ is moving in a circular path of constant radius such that the centripetal acceleration is varying with time as $a_c = k^2rt^2$ where $k$ is constant. The power given to the ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the relation between power and photocurrent? [closed]

Question: A clean lithium surface is illuminated by 1.0 mW of light of wavelength 400 nm. The ejected photoelectrons, which have a maximum kinetic energy of 0.70eV, produce a photocurrent of 30 µA. ...
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998 views

Are there alternatives to steam in thermal power stations?

'A thermal power station is a power plant in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the world the prime mover is steam driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam ...
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153 views

Power statement is valid for MW Or KiloWatts? [closed]

If I can talk to someone and tell him that a new power plant inaugurated by Prime Minister will produce $60$ megawatts per hour, will it be true to use $\mathrm{MW}$ unit for Power?
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2k views

Which expression to use for electrical power?

We know that electric power can be written as $P=VI$, or $P=\frac{V^2}{R}$, or $P=I^2R$. But when to use which one? Sometimes two different formulas give different results! Please explain with some ...
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3k views

Converting Langley to Watts

I'm reading a really old paper which looks at estimating the surface energy fluxes for The Great Lakes. They show all of their values as Langleys per day. Can this be converted to Watts per meter ...
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1answer
124 views

Is it true that a processor with a higher temperature uses inevitably more power in comparison with a processor with a lower temperature?

If a processor has a higher temperature, can you be sure it it consumes more power than a processor with a lower temperature? And is the reverse relationship true? A processorchip with a higher mean ...
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1answer
268 views

How big would a Dyson swarm have to be to supply the whole earth's human population with power?

If human energy consumption per year is 150,000 Terrawatt-hours, and the energy output of the sun is about 380 Yottawatts, how much area would you need at a distance of 0.5 Astronomical unit, in order ...
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111 views

Electric Power $P$

In my textbook there are 2 formulas for electric power: $$\begin{array}{cccr} P &=& E/t &\hspace{10pt} (1) \\ P &=& VI. &\hspace{10pt} (2) \end{array}$$ What is the ...
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1answer
5k views

Power dissipated on internal resistance of short-circuited voltage source

Suppose we have a voltage source with an EMF of $\mathcal{E}$ and an internal resistance $R$. If we connect to it a perfect wire with zero resistance, we get a short circuit. The value of the current ...
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3answers
66 views

When high voltage leads to low current in power transmission system how its not applicable for household voltages?

When high voltage leads to low current in power transmission system using transformers,how increase in voltage in household circuits from 220 volts makes the current increase damaging the appliances, ...
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1answer
56 views

How to estimate energy of piezo igniter discharge?

Question for fun. We all know piezo igniters, these small friends, like following one: All of them are probably quite similar: same spring, same piezo, same hit force, and so on. Also I have some ...
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1answer
104 views

In the electrical circuit/fluid analogy is there an analogy for power loss across a fluid resistance?

For the fundamental passive $RLC$ electrical circuit, analogies are often used to describe the physics of fluid flow where $L$ represents the inertance analogous to inductance, $C$ is compliance ...
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1answer
270 views

How to convert RF absorption rate (SAR) values to electric field values?

I'm currently reading a bunch of journal articles that describe biological effects of electromagnetic fields. They often refer to the field in terms of specific absorption rate (SAR) values (W/kg). ...
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2answers
141 views

Relative height or height from ground?

Ok so I encountered this question -> A 10 H.P. motor pumps out water from a well of depth 20m and fills a water tank of volume 22380 litres at a height of 10m from the ground. The running ...
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4answers
380 views

infinite power from constant force?

P = W/t = Fd/t = Fv So, if we keep exerting a small constant force and the velocity keeps increasing to near infinite, we should be able to get near-infinite power from the small constant force. We ...
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1answer
50 views

Wattage and wattage per hour discrepancy

Having moved to a new apartment recently, I checked the water heater and the boiler says that it has a 1500W heating unit, but the kWh said 2.5. Having only an extremely rudimentary in physics and ...
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1answer
298 views

Isobaric process with non-boundary work?

I came up with a doubt on isobaric processes. Firstly, in any isobaric process, (irreversible or not) the following hold $$Q=n c_p (T_B-T_A)\tag{1}$$ $$W=p (V_B-V_A)=n R(T_B-T_A)\tag{2}$$ Is that ...
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2answers
89 views

When heat loss is more than energy generated [closed]

Suppose a electric power station produces 200W of electricity @ 200V. Now instead of stepping it up, it decides to transmit it as 200V to a city 20 km away. The transmission cable has resistance per ...
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450 views

What's the right way to calculate power consumption over a month given a rate per minute?

When I was searching for power required to lift an object, i found that, for example: $100\ \mathrm{kg}$ to be lifted 3 metres in 5 seconds. (vertical) Answer: $$\begin{align} \text{mass}\times\...
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3answers
10k views

Calculate acceleration from power [closed]

I am currently programming a simple computer space ship simulation. This is just for fun to train my programming, 3D graphics and a little bit of physics skills. What I want is the user to pick a ...
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269 views

How to improve the power output of an AC motor without changing its characteristics [closed]

I have an AC motor at 230V/50Hz and 2.2 KW power that will power a drilling bit for cutting wood. The motor has 3000 RPM, but if I attach the drilling bit (8 cm wide, 15 cm long and with a step of 8 ...
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1answer
3k views

Normalizing values in dB scale

I'm doing some experiments with optical power through a glass fiber. The power is measured in dBm. For the graphs that I make (Power in dBm vs time), I normalize the values relative to the initial ...
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1answer
463 views

Sound power radiation of two monopole sources

For a fixed given electrical power to two monopole sources, producing the same frequency. Which mode, either in-phase or out of phase, will radiate the most sound power into the far-field?
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3k views

who will win a race between man, horse and car of same power

Other day I got into a chat with my friend on work power and energy where he asked an intelligence related question the question was like this if a race was conducted between a man a horse and a ...
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1answer
54 views

Power delivered by a plug

Ok so i know that (in the UK) the voltage of a mains supply is 230v. But when we plug a item e.g. a tv in to it what determines how much power is drawn from this supply. I presume it is the current ...
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2answers
391 views

Is battery capacity proportional to Ampere-hour in every case?

Suppose I have two batteries one inside the laptop with 2.5 AH giving a backup for around 2 hours. The battery is external inside a UPS system with 7.5 AH. Since it has thrice the capacity of the ...
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1answer
189 views

What exactly is three phase power? [closed]

What is three phase power? How does it differ from normal AC current?
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2answers
351 views

Which thermoelectric effect is better?

I am doing an experiment which requires the thermoelectric effect. I know about the Seebeck and the Peltier effects. Well, from what I have found till now on these topics is that they both can produce ...
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1answer
61 views

Varying the amplitude of a driven wave

I' d like to know whether varying the amplitude of a system at resonance is possible or not and if it is, how? I've calculated the resonance frequency of a material and I'd like to know the ...
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2answers
13k views

Light bulbs, Wattage meaning? [closed]

Light bulbs, Wattage meaning? Two incandescent bulbs (120 V, 25 Watt) and (120 V, 500 Watt) connected to the same batteries. Which one shines brighter? And why?
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27k views

Average power dissipated by a resistor on AC current

So let's say we have an AC current of 120 V at 60 Hz. Then i's waveform would be $$f(t) = 120 \sqrt{2} \cos(2 \pi 60 t)$$ Or rather the amplitude times $\sqrt{2}$ times $\cos(2 \pi \times\text{...
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139 views

is it possible to gain from charging cold battery

Is it possible to get higher load of energy into a battery if you charge it when its cold eg. +9C? the battery is emptier, but does it let the power in? Is it safe?
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1answer
46 views

Expression for net power consumed when resistances are connected in series in electric circuit

To find the expression for net power consumed, I did this :- $$ \text{Suppose some resistances } R_1, R_2, R_3, ... \text{ are connected in series in an electric circuit.} \\ \text{Let R be the ...
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2answers
319 views

How to determine which bulb will be the brightest in the series and parallel connection?

I stumbled upon these sentences while studying and this seems to be horribly confusing. resistance is proportional to the inverse of the power of the bulb in series connection and so the bulb with ...
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155 views

Does density of light power (w/m²) increase after passing a convex lens ?

Does density of light power (w/m²) increase after passing a convex lens ? and if so i need the equation that represent that increase
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114 views

Power dissipated, different formulas, zero resitatance

Power dissipated on an electrical element can be given by: $$P = VI = I^2R = \frac{V^2}{R}.$$ When we have a battery with zero internal resistance, it means that the power it provides (or the power ...
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372 views

Is there an RMS value for power delivered to an inductor?

My textbook defines power delivered to an inductor as: $$P= V_{L\rm\ peak}I_{\rm peak} \cos ( \omega t) \sin( \omega t)$$ where $\omega$ is angular frequency. but makes no mention of $P_{RMS}$. It ...
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449 views

Crate pulled on an incline with constant speed. What is the total work done?

A rope is attached to a 50.0-kg crate to pull it up a frictionless incline at constant speed to a height of 3-meters. Note that the force of gravity has two components (parallel and perpendicular ...
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3answers
149 views

If two or more different electric heaters have the same power consumption are they providing the same amount of heat to the room?

If I have a number of different electric heaters. Say one has coils which heat up, one is a fan heater and another is an oil heater in which the oil is heated by electric coils internally (They are ...
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1answer
225 views

Joule's law in constant cross-section conductors

I know that the work needed to move a charge $q$ from a point A to a point B in presence of a steady electric field $\vec{E}$ is $P = \displaystyle\frac{dW}{dt} = \displaystyle\frac{d}{dt}\left(q\...
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338 views

Power generation with a long, horizontal pipe, using atmospheric pressure differences

Straight to the point. If I float a pipe starting from a point in the ocean that has the atmospheric pressure of 101 kPa (Call it Point A) all the way to another geographic position on the ocean with ...
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235 views

Velocity over time applying constant power and considering air drag

I wanted to understand how velocity changes over time when applying a constant power to a body of mass $m$. I figured out that in this case, since $$P=d/dt(KE)=d/dt(\frac{1}{2}mv^2),$$ integrating I ...