Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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376 views

How efficient is the Crookes radiometer?

I remember many years ago, I think at 8th grade, seeing the teacher show us a Crookes radiometer. I remember it being very fascinating. Today I read the wiki article on it, after looking up what it ...
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119 views

What do I measure with power meter?

I modulate directly a laser diode by setting the pump current periodically from 0 A to $I_{on}$ A. I do it for different duty cycles and different frequencies. But I need to keep my average power of ...
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72 views

Geometric frustration in power transmission networks

I read this article concerning the detection of Braess Paradox on power transmission networks: http://phys.org/news/2012-10-power-grid-blackouts-braess-paradox.html Here is a quote from the article: ...
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368 views

What is the physics behind the vibrating feeling you get when you touched an inducted metal surface?

When I was last working on the highway, I stopped to help a motorist parked under high tension power lines. I'm driving a large Ford Transit van, fairly box shaped. My van was parked 90 degrees (...
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85 views

Power in a wind turbine

An wind turbine starts turning by a wind speed of $v_b$ and it stops turning (rated wind speed, to prevent overloading) by a wind speed of $v_g$. By wind speeds between $v_b<v<v_g$, the power ...
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54 views

Why does an alternator slow down when the 3 phases are shorted?

I'm designing a small wind turbine and noticed that when i short the three wires coming out of the alternator, the alternator is breaking and the blade RPM is dropping. What is the explanation for ...
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127 views

How to apply conservation of energy to active noise-cancelling headphones?

Active noise-cancelling headphones add the opposite waveforms of the ambient sound in order to cancel out this ambient sound by destructive interference. I do not understand why adding more power in ...
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176 views

Estimating the battery capacity using current power consumption and battery percentage

I want to estimate the current maximum capacity (in kWh) having the current power consumption (in kWh) and the state of charge of the battery (in %) available in a time series. I do not have a full ...
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97 views

Energy stored in a battery?

I want to calculate the energy lost from a battery to heat, and the energy stored in a battery. Are these formula's correct? $ E_b$ = $I$$V$ x $t$ $ E_H$ = $I$$R$$^2$ x $t$ $E_b$ = energy stored in ...
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1answer
2k views

Total power consumption of electric device

For some electric devices, like a fan or air conditioner, I read about their power consumption in watts on their specification guide. Does it tell about the power at normal or full speed? or Does the ...
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47 views

Can neutronic emissions be used as a power source?

The free neutron will degrade to a proton electron and anti neutrino in about 15 minutes. Assuming you could slow a beam of free neutrons sufficiently to keep the size of the reactor manageable: Is ...
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10 views

How to calculate energy (KWh) from Temperature (T),Air quality (Co2), and illumination (lux)?

I have data of temperature, air quality, and illumination.I want to calculate energy consumption (KWh) from these parameters.My data is shown in the image . Also, examples are also shown in image 2 .
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2answers
29 views

Power factor in Transamision

What is normally the power factor in the transmssion.? Is there some standard or guidelines for that.? Also, the low factor is not desirebale as it leads to more power loss. That makes sense. They ...
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1answer
120 views

Energy consumption from acceleration

I have an interesting problem. I have a machine which has to lift 35 kg (this is the total mass of the object and the lifting arm). The lifting is done by a servo motor. Now I want to calculate the ...
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1answer
100 views

Whose electric energy consumption 'copper' or 'aluminium' element in Water heater will be greater?

Considering water of 20 litres 25 degree celsius of temperature needs to be raised. Using the heat equation q=mcpdt considering cp of water to be 4.2 kJ/kgk we get q=2100 kJ which equals 2100000 J. It ...
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2k views

How to calculate theorectical engine max. torque from max. power and RPM?

I'm trying to come up with a formula to estimate an engine's maximum torque (and at which RPM) given other values and some assumptions. I'm approximating an engine's torque curve as 2 linear ...
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3answers
49 views

Would we require energy to walk in a gravity free space?

If there was no gravity would our leg muscles lose energy to make us walk. When we walk we cover strides . when we lift our one leg from rest on ground accelerate it until it reaches top say to speed ...
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150 views

How to Calculate the total scattered radiation power and total radiation power.?

Let's suppose I have incident field $E^i_z$. The components of Scattered electric and magnetic field are $E^s_z$, $E^s_\phi$, $H^s_z$ and $H^s_\phi$. The electric and magnetic field components ...
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1answer
150 views

Power and radiance scaling in Coherent Beam Combination

Generally, it's said that for incoherent laser beam combining, the intensity scales with N (where N = # of lasers), whereas the intensity scales with $N^2$ for coherent combining. $$I_{array,...
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587 views

Sound frequency and power

Although I have studied physics I am not clear on this question: Given that two (or more) sound waves have the same amplitude does the power they carry depend on frequency? What about electrical AC ...
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63 views

Power of solar panel and dc generator

I have made a solar stirling engine and I need to measure its power and compare it to the output power of a solar panel. I need to see which one is more efficient. I am using the same area in both ...
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616 views

Luminous intensity: from Volt to Candela/m2

I use a probe for converting optical power to an electrical current. I need to convert Volt to candela/m2. The sensor, a photodiode, measure the brightness of the monitor leaning the probe on the ...
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65 views

Calculating power in fluid systems with $pQ.$

I was wondering: say we have a fan which is being used to provide lift to some mass, like in a simple air cushion device, where the air has to flow through a chamber beneath the fan. Let's say that $...
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2answers
59 views

Does the effect change if a continuing and constant force acts upon a mass?

If a continuing and constant force $F$ acts upon a body with the mass $m$, does the power (work per unit time) increase over time? It would mean that the converted energy per time unit increases. Is ...
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174 views

What is DX technology and what are the effects on digital cameras?

I am photographing in a high power voltage field in Industry producing aluminium, called DX technology. How do I know if my digital camera will not be affected? At 350kA current my film cameras were ...
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573 views

Max speed as a function of engine power

My question started out as finding the maximum speed of a go kart, taking into account only the drag forces as force opposing the motor. I've done some investigation to find: $$ F_{drag}=\; \frac{\...
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1answer
42 views

Understanding the energy transffered/used from a power source?

A source of power(from a generator,battery,etc...) is used to power a system of any kind. We can calculate the energy used via this formula $E$ = $IV$ x $t$ ? For example, a battery that is connected ...
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290 views

Calculating Joule heating in magnetic field

I have problem with calculating Joule heating in alternating magnetic field perpendicular through circulate plate with radios a and height h. Lets say that alternating magnetic field is in form of ...
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102 views

How power affects heating of a coil

So I am doing a little research on my own about electronic cigarettes. Most Ecig users value high power at a standard current. This means they buy very expensive, high voltage batteries and put high ...
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51 views

Delivered/Reflected Power by Drive on a Hamiltonian System

Imagine a SHO with a drive F(t). (or in general a Hamiltonian system) What is the power delivered to the system and can we talk about the power reflected? is i am imagining say a MW oscillator ...
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1answer
88 views

How can the amplitude of the same acoustic wave be different in a interferometer?

I came up with an exercise on Halliday Resnick Krane that asked a question which consfuses me. I premit that I do not look for a solution of the exercise but for suggestions only regarding the ...
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37 views

Can the mains voltage affect laser intensity?

First of all in very new to the photonics field and i am only venturing into it because I have to troubleshoot an experiment and the issue seems to be the optics block. So i am using an instrument ...
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26 views

power consumption of vacuum pump

I am using the vacuum pump from KNF Neuberger Inc to create a reduced pressure environment for the dryer. I want to calculate the energy consumption of this pump. The pump is removing nitrogen gas ...
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13 views

Calculating the power loss from a ultrasonic welding assembly

I am tuning an ultrasonic assembly for a welding application and tuned the system to operate at 41kHz according to the oscilloscope. The transducer operates at 40kHz and 50W, when calculating the gain ...
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15 views

Normalizing Efficiencies with different motor power ratings

I have obtained data of the efficiencies of a few models of electric vehicles. We would like to compare them, but we have noted that the different motor power ratings may have an effect on the ...
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21 views

Emissivity not accounted for in Equilibrium Temperatures of Planets

I'm trying to understand how to calculate the Equilibrium Temperatures of Planets. This is the beginning of my working for it... However, whenever I look at external sources, (like this Princeton ...
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18 views

Angular Velocity of a wake

I am trying to use Blade Element Momentum Theory to run some power calculations for a turbine I built, however, I'm having trouble with one value in particular. I derived the following equation for ...
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1answer
59 views

How to calculate total power generated?

I have a circuit with a piezoelectric transducer which converts mechanical energy to electrical. The ceramic is connected to a 1 Megaohm resistor and a voltmeter which reads voltage. If I want to ...
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56 views

Finding force exerted on a turbine blade by water flow

I am trying to find the maximum theoretical rotational power of a turbine from the following quantities: $\omega$, $r$, $\gamma$, $I$, and $t$. This is in an experimental setting, not an assignment,...
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15 views

How to calculate minimum optical power required from datasheet of camera sensor?

How can I determine from the datasheet of a camera sensor the minimum optical power required to see a spot on the image? I have 2 lasers with a diameter of 0.35 mm with respectively a power of 12nW/...
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2answers
56 views

Adding a capacitor in parallel improves power factor of an inductive circuit?

I know that to reduce power loss during transmission, we require a power factor as close to one as possible. This can be done by making $Z$ tend to $R$ which can be done by increasing $X_c$ such that ...
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2answers
32 views

Electrical vs Heating Insulation

Let's say we have a 120V cable and a 600V cable, this means that the 600V needs more electrical insulation to prevent the insulator from exceeding its dielectric strength. But in the other case, the ...
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1answer
38 views

Is the force from an engine constant as a vehicle reaches top speed?

I've come across a textbook question and I've got myself confused by it although it seems like it should be simple. The van accelerates with a (supposedly) constant resistance force up to its top ...
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18 views

Power dissipated through bulb decreases to a steady value

The instant at which bulb is switched on, its power is maximum, then it decreases to a steady value. This can be explained by the increasing resistance due to heating of the filament. (P = V*2*/R). ...
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29 views

How much heat energy is generated by the Sun and Moon's gravitational action on the Earth?

How much heat energy is generated by the Sun and Moon's gravitational action on the Earth? It would seem fairly obvious that any spinning body orbiting a massive object will convert its own motion ...
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1answer
70 views

Calculating Laser Focal Power & Focused Beam Waist

If I focus a 1 watt, 405nm laser with a 25mm fl lens what is the power at the waist. I see calculators online but none that make sense. Rather than just telling me can you put your equations you use ...
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24 views

Why didn't my Capactive Wireless Power Transfer work?

Today I had the delight of setting up a bipolar capactive wireless power transfer (CWPT) circuit for a school experiment. Disappointingly, it did not work. It was set up just like in the diagram ...
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1answer
32 views

Capacitor, stored energy versus reactive power

When an AC voltage U is put onto a loss less capacitor C the capacitor will require a certain reactive power Q (current 90 degress out of phase with the voltage): $Q=UI = \omega C U^2$ in VAr (Only ...
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143 views

why this perpetual motion engine does not work and does not break the law of energy conservation?

I came-up with this idea when i was 10 years old , I am not claiming that it is working , I just want to know why it doesnt if it doesnt ? This engine is supposed to produce infinate energy from ...
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40 views

How to convert average horse power?

My question is " A locomotive engine draws a load $m$ pounds up an inclined plane making angle $a$ with horizontal, the coefficient of friction being $k$ . If starting from rest and moving ...