Questions tagged [power]

The time rate of change of energy

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1answer
199 views

Brightness of lamps

The brightness of the lamp (power) depends on two factors: The voltage and the current which flow through it. In Figure(A) as the variable reaistance increases its reaistance, the current which flow ...
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1answer
84 views

Force exerted by a motor, velocity, and friction

Some motor make an object move on a surface very slowly. One can write at steady state : $F_{motor}-F_{friction}=0$. The friction is supposed to come from the surface so : $F_{motor}-\mu_s m g=0$ with ...
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1answer
34 views

How can I find the power given only the torque?

I have a system where I am trying to find the power generated by a DC electric generator. However, I am not very familiar with generators, so I am having difficulty determining the rotational velocity....
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1answer
37 views

Formula for Power from Kinetic Energy

Work Done = $Fd$ Power = $Fv$ If the (net) Work Done = Change in Kinetic Energy, and the object starts from rest: Work Done = $\frac{1}{2} mv^2$ Power = $\frac{1}{2} m av$ Power = $\frac{1}{2} ...
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1answer
31 views

Mechanical and electrical power of discharging a capacitor

I want to find the power of completely discharging a capacitor with capacitance $C$ during a time interval $\Delta t$. Using the mechanical definition of power as the rate of change of energy $W$ ...
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1answer
64 views

How to estimate energy of piezo igniter discharge?

Question for fun. We all know piezo igniters, these small friends, like following one: All of them are probably quite similar: same spring, same piezo, same hit force, and so on. Also I have some ...
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9answers
6k views

The water analogy seems to imply that power = current. Why is this incorrect?

Many people think of the water analogy to try to explain how electromagnetic energy is delivered to a device in a circuit. Using that analogy, in a DC circuit, one could imagine the power-consuming ...
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3answers
95 views

Internal resistance problem

A 12V battery has an internal resistance of $2.0\Omega$. A load of variable resistance is connected across the battery and adjusted to have resistance equal to that of the internal resistance of the ...
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1answer
28 views

Power - why do we use the driving force over the resultant force?

I'm an A-Level student, studying Further Maths. We've chosen the Further Mechanics as our optional module of the course. Further Mechanics, unfortunately, is not making a lot of sense to me, because ...
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3answers
106 views

If mass is doubled, how much more power is needed to sustain the same speed?

My problem involves an object completely immersed in a fluid, moving at some speed, using a certain amount of power to sustain that speed. It could be an airplane or a torpedo, among other things. (...
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5answers
6k views

Why does a 60W bulb glow brighter than a 100W bulb in a series?

In my physics class I have this problem that shows two lightbulbs, one 60W and one 100W in series, connected to a 120V battery. The problems are: Which bulb is brighter? (A: 60W) Calculate the ...
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8answers
4k views

Understanding voltage and power in the fluid analogy for DC circuits

I am trying to understand electric circuits (ie voltage, current, power, and resistance). For the most part, everything makes perfect sense, but for some reason I do not feel as if I understand the ...
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29 views

How much heat energy is generated by the Sun and Moon's gravitational action on the Earth?

How much heat energy is generated by the Sun and Moon's gravitational action on the Earth? It would seem fairly obvious that any spinning body orbiting a massive object will convert its own motion ...
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1answer
19 views

How can I calculate the power required to make an air turbine spin at a constant rpm?

Say I have an air turbine with diameter $d$, number of blades $N$, and moment of inertia $\frac {d^{2}*M_{Blade}^{**1}}{4}$ (at the tip of the blade). How do I calculate the power required to spin ...
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1answer
75 views

Calculating Laser Focal Power & Focused Beam Waist

If I focus a 1 watt, 405nm laser with a 25mm fl lens what is the power at the waist. I see calculators online but none that make sense. Rather than just telling me can you put your equations you use ...
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1answer
83 views

Calculating power with force as a function of time [closed]

While doing an AP question in Physics C today I answered the question differently from the professor but I'm not sure what part of my reasoning is incorrect. A $100\ \rm{kg}$ block is being pulled ...
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1answer
36 views

Heating effect of fast neutrons in Fast Breeder Reactors

Do fast neutrons play effective(meaningful) role in heating up the water in Fast Breeder Reactors? If so, how much do they?
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2answers
57 views

Power by normal force

Would the power created by the normal force always be zero? Since normal force is always perpendicular to the object?
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2answers
108 views

Does gravity matter when calculating work done horizontally?

My teacher gave the following question: A 212lb running back can complete the 40yd dash in 4.53s. What time would a 198lb running back have to post in order to be more powerful? My teacher says that ...
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2answers
103 views

Converting Wattage to Temperature [closed]

Let us say you have an 8 watt source or heater, what is the highest temperature it can attain or be converted to? I was asking in the context of transformer losses. At no-load, there is core loss.....
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0answers
24 views

Why didn't my Capactive Wireless Power Transfer work?

Today I had the delight of setting up a bipolar capactive wireless power transfer (CWPT) circuit for a school experiment. Disappointingly, it did not work. It was set up just like in the diagram ...
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1answer
175 views

How to calculate the power required by a fountain pump?

How can I calculate the power required by a fountain pump, if just the efficiency of the pump, the height of the fountain and the diameter of the water jet is given?
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1answer
118 views

Significance of the ion Hall parameter

For an ionized Helium gas, for example, MHD Hall generators rely on the mobility ratios between electrons and ions to function and produce a Hall current. As far as I can tell, intuitively, increasing ...
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2answers
414 views

Why doesn't using more appliances at home decrease the electricity bill? [closed]

I know that at home the electric circuits are parallel, and this explains why if one appliance (eg bulb) fails, everything else continues to work, but if more devices are added in parallel to each ...
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1answer
35 views

Capacitor, stored energy versus reactive power

When an AC voltage U is put onto a loss less capacitor C the capacitor will require a certain reactive power Q (current 90 degress out of phase with the voltage): $Q=UI = \omega C U^2$ in VAr (Only ...
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3answers
61 views

Dependency of temperature acquired by a resistor on power

A nichrome heating element across 230V supply consumes 1.5kW of power and heats up to 750*C. A tungsten bulb across the same supply operates at a much higher temperature of 1600*C in order to emit ...
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1answer
72 views

How can only 2 phases of a 3 phase power system be used to power a load?

When looking at 2 of the 3 phases on a graph, there's a point where they're both positive or both negative. How does one of the phases act as a return path?
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2answers
246 views

Does the depth that the accelerator pedal is depressed correspond more closely to the force or the power that the engine delivers to a car?

Consider a car that only moves directly forward without turning (so that we can model its trajectory as motion in one dimension), and assume we can neglect both air resistance and the frictional ...
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2answers
57 views

Relationship between speed and power in wind/hurricanes

I was looking at hurricanes today when question crossed my mind. Cat 1 Hurricanes are the ones going up to 95mph. Cat 5 goes above 157 mph. That says a lot, but not all. In motors or engines, RPM ...
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2answers
30 views

Power factor in Transamision

What is normally the power factor in the transmssion.? Is there some standard or guidelines for that.? Also, the low factor is not desirebale as it leads to more power loss. That makes sense. They ...
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1answer
43 views

Black body radiation net power emitted

I have a question related to a definition (intuitive understanding). It is stated that : The human body radiates energy as infrared light. The net power radiated is the difference between the ...
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1answer
121 views

Is the net power of an open system always equal to zero?

Are the following statements, line of reasoning all correct? I'm particularly interested in the last bullet. For a closed system energy is conserved and constant. For an open system energy is not ...
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1answer
128 views

Energy consumption from acceleration

I have an interesting problem. I have a machine which has to lift 35 kg (this is the total mass of the object and the lifting arm). The lifting is done by a servo motor. Now I want to calculate the ...
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1answer
52 views

Can a tunnel through a planet be used as a power generator?

Assuming that it were possible to do so, if a tunnel from one side of a planet to the other were lined with copper wire, could dropping magnets down the hole be used to generate power?
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1answer
49 views

Can emissivity value be 4?

We know I=p/A and I=uc which I is radiation density , P is total radiation power , A is surface area and u is energy density. By putting A in the other side we will have p=ucA since energy density is ...
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1answer
86 views

Tidal Power Gen Multiplier? [closed]

Regarding tidal power generation, the following scheme uses an outer tank and an inner tank that floats on the water of the inner tank. You fill the inner tank first (while it's at high-tide level) ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is beam forming more energy efficient than a straight up omnidirectional signal?

Someone tried to explain the process of beam forming to me, and how beam forming is far more efficient than an omnidirectional signal of similar amplitude. This seemed obvious at the time: the power ...
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1answer
85 views

When and how do we use the formula Power = force X velocity?

I'm unable to understand the solution given in this book mine... Why are we adding the resistive force? In fact, i would really appreciate if someone explains the question to me, I'm really struggling ...
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2answers
90 views

Power in 1st Gear

The max power an engine puts out is what determines the max speed a car travel at right, obviously it's more nuanced than that because there are losses in the drive train, and the shape of the car ...
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1answer
112 views

Power in series

I knew that power of two resistors in series is equal to $$\frac{P_1P_2}{P_1+P_2}$$ where $P_1$ and $P_2$ are the individual powers of the two resistors. I tried to prove it using $P=I^{2}R$ and I ...
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1answer
76 views

A Pump is spraying water to form a fountain

This is a three part question. I have answered two of them. “A pump is spraying water into the air to form a fountain. The water emerges vertically from a jet of cross-sectional area 2.0*10^-4 m^2 ...
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3answers
165 views

Does density of light power (w/m²) increase after passing a convex lens ?

Does density of light power (w/m²) increase after passing a convex lens ? and if so i need the equation that represent that increase
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1answer
41 views

predicting light loss in fiber optic strand

Background: I'm working with fiber optics and I'd like to try to calculate the change of perceived brightness of visible light due to signal attenuation in a segment of fiber optic cable, based on ...
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2answers
221 views

Propulsive Power, Thrust and Velocity

If my rocket requires thrust $T$ to maintain a velocity $v$, the propulsive power can be calculated using $$P=Tv$$ Assuming the same friction (so the required thrust to maintain the velocity doesn't ...
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1answer
59 views

How to calculate acceleration from power and weight? [closed]

Imagine a bike that is not moving initially at $t=t_0$. The bike and its cyclist have a combined mass of $m=60\,\mathrm{kg}$. If the cyclist starts to apply $p=100\,\mathrm{W}$ of power, then what ...
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3answers
125 views

Power dissipated, different formulas, zero resitatance

Power dissipated on an electrical element can be given by: $$P = VI = I^2R = \frac{V^2}{R}.$$ When we have a battery with zero internal resistance, it means that the power it provides (or the power ...
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1answer
38 views

Photon energy and power

My question has to do with the solar spectrum. I understand sunlight is composed of light of different wavelegnths, and these wavelegnths have different energies associated with them. I also ...
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2answers
112 views

In the electrical circuit/fluid analogy is there an analogy for power loss across a fluid resistance?

For the fundamental passive $RLC$ electrical circuit, analogies are often used to describe the physics of fluid flow where $L$ represents the inertance analogous to inductance, $C$ is compliance ...
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0answers
143 views

why this perpetual motion engine does not work and does not break the law of energy conservation?

I came-up with this idea when i was 10 years old , I am not claiming that it is working , I just want to know why it doesnt if it doesnt ? This engine is supposed to produce infinate energy from ...
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2answers
51 views

An engines power is 650kW and the shuttle's speed increases from 120 m/s to 160 m/s in t seconds [closed]

note sure if I'm missing something obvious, but i cant seem to find a good way to tackle this question. A space shuttel of mass 400kg is moving in a straight line where there is no resistance. the ...