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# Questions tagged [poisson-brackets]

In phase-space classical Hamiltonian mechanics, the Poisson bracket is an antisymmetric binary operation acting like a derivative.

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### Liouville measure conservation and smoothness of the symplectic structure

Suppose we have hamiltonian $H$ of some system. Suppose we fix the coordinate $q$ and momentum $p$, which are coordinates in the phase volume of the system. In general, they are not canonical. This ...
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### Example of a transformation that is not canonical

Can someone please give me an example of a transformation that is not a canonical transformation?
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### Calculation of the standard symplectic space matrix

I am learning there is an important connection between Hamiltonian formalisms and Symplectic Geometry. It seems like the Newtonian Mechanics are described on what is called the standard symplectic ...
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### Quantization from Poisson brackets

It is known that given a symplectic manifold, one can define different Poisson brackets. I am trying to see whether in classical sense ($\hbar=0$) given two different Poisson brackets (i.e. a ...
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### How does one know if two variables are conjugate pairs?

First of all, I am having a hard time finding any good definition of what a conjugate pair actually is in terms of physical variables, and yet I have read a number of different things which use the ...
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### Norm of Classical (Poissonian) Hamiltonian Operator

In the Poissonian formulation of classical mechanics, one finds that the time evolution of the phase space vector $\eta = (q_1,q_2\cdots q_n ; p_1, p_2\cdots p_n)^T$ can be put in terms of the ...
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I'm going on a list of exercises and there's 6 days that I can't figure to this. Prove that given transformation is canonical: $$\Large Q=\frac{p}{mw}\sin(\frac{mwq}{P}); \qquad\Large P=p\cos(\... 1 vote 1 answer 391 views ### Poisson brackets among derivatives in the constraints of the Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity The issue I have is from the Hamiltonian formulation of General Relativity (GR) and concerns calculation of certain Poisson brackets. In this formulation, we have the 3-dimensional metric h_{ij}(x) ... 7 votes 1 answer 1k views ### Significance of symplectic form in classical field theory I'm trying to understand the significance of construction presented to me in field theory class. Let me first briefly describe it and then ask questions. Given two solutions \phi_1, \phi_2 of the ... 3 votes 1 answer 712 views ### Hamiltonian from a differential equation In my differential equations course an example is given from the Lotka-Volterra system of equations:$$ x'=x-xyy'=-\gamma y+xy.\tag{1}$$This is then transformed by the substitution: q=\ln x, ... 8 votes 1 answer 839 views ### Quantum systems without a classical analogue? [closed] I am now reading the quantum mechanics textbook by Dirac (chap. 4, \S21, p. 88). He says that his quantization procedure does not include all possible systems in quantum mechanics and there are ... 2 votes 1 answer 450 views ### Non-holonomic constraints in Dirac-Bergmann theory The Dirac-Bergmann algorithm effectively isolates the physical degrees of freedom of a system, by changing from Poisson brackets \{\cdot,\cdot\}_\mathrm{PB} to Dirac brackets \{\cdot,\cdot\}_\... 3 votes 0 answers 148 views ### How do I obtain the SUSY Transformations from Poisson Brackets? In Friedman's and Van Proyen's Supergravity textbook it is explained how one can get the supersymmetry transformations using the conserved currents. Specifically this is in section 6 where we are ... 7 votes 1 answer 905 views ### Motivation for covariant phase space The covariant phase space idea, in one sentence, is that there is a natural symplectic structure on the space of the classical trajectories of a system and that the usual (q,p) coordinates just ... 6 votes 2 answers 2k views ### How is the Poisson bracket \{\mathbf{c},\mathbf{l}\cdot\hat{n}\}=(\hat{n}\times \mathbf{c}), for constant \mathbf{c}, and not zero? The Poissonian formulation of mechanics tells us that for a generating function g(q,p,t), the Poisson bracket of some function/variable f(q,p,t) with the generating function corresponds with an ... 1 vote 1 answer 202 views ### Why are the integrability conditions necessary and sufficient for the existence of a canonical transformation's generating function? Consider a canonical transformation (p,q) \rightarrow (P,Q) under a generating function F. The condition for form invariance of Hamiltonian equations of motion looks like :$$\sum_{s}P_s\dot{Q_s} ... 1 vote
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### Canonical Transformation [duplicate]

How can I prove that the following transformation is canonical: $\begin{cases}\overline{q}_i=\dfrac{q_i}{Q} \\ \overline{p}_i=Qp_i-2Pq_i \end{cases},\ i\in\overline{1,n}$ where $Q=\sum_{i=1}^n q^2_i$...
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### Find the error: If $L_x$ and $L_y$ are zero, then $L_z$ is conserved

From Goldstein's Classical Mechanics (2nd ed.), problem 38 of chapter 9 basically says the following: It's been shown that the Poisson bracket of two constants of the motion is also a constant of the ...
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### How to impose canonical commutation relations when quantising a field

I believe this is a simple question, however I cannot find it explained anywhere what the term: "Impose canonical commutation relations" means. If I have a classical equation, and I wish to quantise ...
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### A mysterious conserved quantity for a central potential

In teaching a course in classical mechanics and I have come across (from my predecessor) a to me mysterious conserved quantity. We are considering a gravitational (or electric) potential with the ...
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### How the Poisson bracket transform when we change coordinates?

I'm studying the book Geometric Mechanics by Darryl D. Holm and there's one exercise in the book I'm not quite getting what has to be done. The same discussion the author makes in the book is made on ...
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### What are the implications of integrating the Poisson bracket?

Reading Ref. 1 I admit I am a little lost in some places. I was hoping that someone in this area could explain the basic premise of integrating the Lie bracket and further is it connected to nlab's ...
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### Full time-derivative, Poisson brackets and Hamilton's equations (classical mechanics)

While studying Poisson brackets in classical mechanics and the derivation of $\dot{q_j}=\{q_j,H\}$ and $\dot{p_j}=\{p_j,H\}$ form of Hamilton's equations I encountered a surpsing identity, which led ...
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### Dirac bracket for a constrained particle

I am trying to work through a simple example of how to use the Dirac bracket from the following paper. In particular section 4 where the authors consider a constrained particle with the following ...
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### Is there any relation between Poisson Brackets and the Jacobian Matrix?

The Poisson brackets for $u,v$ can be written as, $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial q} \frac{\partial v}{\partial p} - \frac{\partial u}{\partial p}\frac{\partial v}{\partial q}.$$ We can write this ...
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### Does the poisson bracket $\{f,g\}$ have any meaning if neither of $f$ or $g$ is the system's Hamiltonian?

Say one has a mechanical system with hamiltonian $H$, and two other arbitrary observables $f,g$. $H$ is super useful since $\{H, \cdot\} = \frac{d}{dt}$. But does $\{f,g\}$ give any useful information ...
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### Poisson brackets and magnetic field [closed]

I'm a maths student trying to teach myself some physics so sorry if I'm missing something simple here. I think the main problem is lack of experience with the Levi-Cevita symbol. We have a particle ...
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### Why closed in the definition of a symplectic structure?

Why do we want the 2-form $\omega$ to be closed? What if it is not?
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### For an infinitesimal transformation in phase space, what functions are allowed for this to be a canonical transformation?

Consider an infinitesimal transformation: $$(q_{i},p_{j}) \quad\longrightarrow \quad(Q_{i},P_{j}) ~=~ \left(q_{i} + \alpha F_{i}(q,p),~p_{j} + \alpha E_{j}(q,p)\right)$$ where $α$ is considered to ...
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### Fundamental Poisson Bracket under Canonical Transformation

We have $H(q,Q,t)$. There is unique solution $Q$ for $p_i = \frac{\partial H}{\partial q_i}$ and we have $P_i = - \frac{\partial H}{\partial Q_i}$. We want to prove from only this that the ...
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### Fermionic Poisson bracket

I'd like to understand the Poisson bracket for fermions in classical field theory defined on a cylinder (with coordinates $(t,x)$, $x$ being the compact direction) and propagating on $T^n$ with ...
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### Symplectic leaves, tori and Poisson manifolds

For classical systems we can define a configuration manifold, whose cotangent bundle is a momentum phase space equipped with a closed, non-degenerate 2-form. Upon the commutative algebra of smooth ... 799 views

### Poisson brackets in curved spacetime

The time evolution of any field $\phi$ is given in terms of the Poisson bracket with the Hamiltonian, $$\frac{\partial\phi}{\partial t} = \{\phi, H\}.$$ How does this relation change in curved ...
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### What is the physical interpretation of the Poisson bracket [duplicate]

Apologies if this is a really basic question, but what is the physical interpretation of the Poisson bracket in classical mechanics? In particular, how should one interpret the relation between the ...
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### Simple explanation of first and second class constraints with an example

Can someone give a simple physical example of first class and second class constraints? I mean, if you were giving a classical mechanics lecture for undergraduates, how would you explain this concept ...
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### Is a vector field not a vector quantity?

I'm trying to make sense of Poisson bracket relation $$\{L_i,A_k\}_{PB}~=~\epsilon_{ikl}A_l,\tag1$$ where $L_i$ is $i$th component of angular momentum, $A_k$ is $k$th component of an arbitrary ...
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### Infinitesimal transformations and Poisson brackets [duplicate]

I want to understand how bracket operations in general are related to symmetry and infinitesimal transformations (in hindsight of quantumfieldtheory), so I calculated an example with a particle that ...
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### Hodge dual and the Moyal bracket? Any link? [closed]

I have already asked this on the mathematics Stack exchange but I thought I'd try it here too! The Hodge star operator $\star$ is a linear map between $\bigwedge ^pV$ and $\bigwedge ^{n-p}V$ for an ... 1 vote
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### If $(q,p)$ to $(Q,P)$ is a canonical transformation, then does this imply $(Q,P)$ to $(q,p)$ is also?

If $(q,p)$ to $(Q,P)$ is a canonical transformation, then does this imply $(Q,P)$ to $(q,p)$ is also, assuming Hamilton's equations hold for the coordinates $(q,p)$? This seems like it should be true ...
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### Understanding Poisson brackets

In quantum mechanics, when two observables commute, it implies that the two can be measured simultaneously without perturbing each other's measurement results. Or in other words, the uncertainty in ...
For the hamiltonian of a particle of unit mass in a kepler potential: $$H = \frac{1}{2}\mathbf{p} \cdot \mathbf{p} - \frac{\mu}{r}$$ The angular momentum vector is given by: \$\mathbf{L} = \mathbf{r} ...