Questions tagged [plasma-physics]

Theory, lab and space experiments, and calculations related the physics of plasmas, i.e., matter constituted by ionized atoms.

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Mathematical form of distribution function with high energetic beam

Maxwell Boltzmann distribution function (MBDF) has the form $$f(v)=n(\frac{m}{2\pi k_BT})^{\frac{3}{2}} exp(-\frac{mv^2}{2k_BT})$$ [Basic Space Plasma Physics by Rudolf A. Treumann & Wolfgang ...
80 views

What Debye length should be used in plasma?

In short Which expression should be used: (1) or (2)? At length Definition of the Debye length $r_D$ is following: $$r_D=\left( \sum_{j}\frac{4\pi q_j^2 n_j}{kT_j} \right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$$ It is ...
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Does density of states at Fermi level reduce or increase for decreasing the diameter of a nanowire?

As we decrease the diameter of a nano wire /quantum wire, does the density of the states at Fermi level increase or decrease?. If it does then, Why?
51 views

Is there a “pinch effect” in a Tokamak?

Is there a "pinch effect" in a Tokamak, like in a linear Z-pinch or in a circular pinch (the ZETA machine from the late 50's)? Tokamaks run in a pulsed mode and a powerful circular current is induced ...
32 views

Glow discharge : Why is the voltage stable with increasing current in the normal glow mode?

In the characteristics shown, the normal glow mode is from F to G, the voltage is stable with increasing current. I understand the explanation of how the electrode current density stays constant(the ...
184 views

Landau's approach to collisions in plasma

I can't understand some steps in obtaining the collision term in the Boltzmann equation for plasma. For the first time it was made by L.D. Landau in his article "The kinetic equation in the case of ...
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Would plasma that is as electron dense as lead be a better shield than lead against gamma radiation?

Imagine you somehow managed to maintain a body of plasma which had the same electron density as an identical volume of lead or other heavy metal. (Suppose you ionized lead.) Would it be a better gamma ...
44 views

Opacity of ionized/non-ionized gases

In which state is matter more opaque to radiation? I'm talking about gaseous vs plasma. I know that opacity is a function of frequency in general, but I thought that, since a non-ionized gas has more ...
43 views

Plasma Waves at Different Frequencies

I am trying to determine what plasma waves appear at what frequency ranges. Particularly, I am interested in exploring plasma waves occurring between 100kHz to 1MHz. Is this a bad frequency range to ...
32 views

How to measure an electron plasma with an electrically biased probe?

I want a crude way to confirm the existence of an electron cloud in a moderate vacuum of 2 mTorr. In my set up, filaments emit electrons into a magnetic trap which concentrates them (similar to an ...
101 views

What is a flux conserver and how does it work?

A number of plasma physics papers I've seen mention "flux conservers", e.g. this paper. However, despite my best efforts, I can't find a good description of a flux conserver or how it actually works. ...
126 views

Unmagnetized plasmas in space

Please, I need some information about high temperature plasmas in astrophysical environments. To my knowledge, plasmas in astrophysical environments are magnetized (is it true?). Are there ...
53 views

Debye screening in $\mathbb{R^d}$

Consider the Poisson-Boltzmann equation $$\nabla^2 V(r) = -\frac{1}{\epsilon_0}en\left(1 - e^{e V(r)/k_BT}\right)$$ which models the electrostatic potential in a spherically symmetric ideal gas of ...
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A question about the properties of plasma and its potential use in recycling

I have multiple questions linking into a potential recycling method; I'm curious if any of these ideas are possible, or if I'm having a pipe dream: Can any gas be turned into plasma? Can multiple ...
59 views

Solution of the diffusion equation in a plasma

considering the diffusion equation taking into account diffusion and mobility of charged particules in a plasma of density $n(z)$ and potential $\phi(z)$, we have :  \frac{n(z)}{\tau}=\frac{\...
36 views

Timescales of plasma recombination and fluorescence?

I am currently working on a very simple model for the radiation from electric arcs. As both fluorescence (internal electronic transition) and plasma recombination occur, I would like to compare the ...