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Questions tagged [planets]

Celestial body that orbits following an elliptical path around a star or stellar remnant.

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1answer
28 views

How is sound affected by gravity?

How would sound be different on a planet with a stronger gravitational field? My reasoning leads to sounds of the same wavelength having higher frequencies - is this correct?
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2answers
50 views

In what planetary system can we have arbitrarily long winters?

Unlike on Earth where the length of seasons are almost of the same duration each time, the hypothetical planet on which Game of Thrones took place has seasons of arbitrary length i.e. some winters ...
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2answers
29 views

What is the hygropause?

I've been reading on planetary atmospheres and I've encountered this term which I can't find defined anywhere on the web. What is the definition of Hygropause?
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2answers
62 views

What will happen to atmospheres of very large planets?

Our earth can hold our atmosphere whereas Mars cannot. So the atmosphere retention mass must be between the masses of Mars and Earth, but if mass is to be considered then can an iron ball having the ...
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1answer
81 views

Anomalous precession of the orbit of Mercury

Can the anomalous precession of the orbit of Mercury be explained just with relativistic length contraction?
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46 views

Geometry of the Earth [migrated]

Is this true that every simple closed curve on the earth can be deformed continuously to a point without leaving the earth? Is the earth compact? Now if we consider the earth as a 2-manifold, can we ...
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1answer
42 views

Earth rotation with atmosphere

Note: This might be a very dumb question Considering Earth's rotation on its axis, I was thinking it made sense for the outer sides of the Earth to have a significantly higher tangential speed, ...
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0answers
18 views

What happens to the heavy elements when a gas giant with no core or one with metallic hydrogen is formed?

I have been trying to visualize how a gas giant like Jupiter originally formed. I am assuming that in its early stages it formed by aggregation similar to how the rocky inner planets were with an ...
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0answers
19 views

Maximizing heat transfer to the poles

I am looking at my roommate's homework in planetary science and saw an interesting question: How might one terraform a planet (like Earth) to maximize heat transfer to the poles, promoting ice-free ...
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2answers
80 views

Question about Earth being round, and whether a hypothetical scenario could be true [closed]

I am in no way, shape or form a physicist. This is a question I was debating in my head, and has nothing to do with flat Earth or protesting the Earth is not indeed round. I have a simple question ...
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2answers
61 views

Gravity below Earth's surface [duplicate]

Why is gravity reduced if you go below earth surface? Asked and answered before but I do not agree with the concepts followed in several answers. The concept of calculating the gravity attraction ...
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0answers
52 views

Heat transfer on Mars

SCENARIO: I have been tasked with finding the heat transfer across a composite wall on Mars. On the left of the wall there is air maintained at Earth atmospheric conditions and room temperature (101 ...
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0answers
32 views

Long-term fate of hydrogen atoms in a rogue planet

Imagine a rogue planet drifting in intergalactic space. For the sake of specificity, suppose that it is the size of Jupiter and composed of pure hydrogen. What will happen to it over the next $10^{...
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0answers
26 views

Calculating Inital Velocity required to stablize an orbit of a moon

I am currently attempting to create a little solar system simulation and I was curious if there's a decent way to calculate what a moon or planet's initial velocity would need to be to remain in orbit ...
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5answers
380 views

Do orbiting planets have infinite energy?

I know that planets can't have infinite energy, due to the law of conservation of energy. However, I'm confused because I see a contradiction and it would be great if someone could explain it. ...
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0answers
87 views

What orbit does a planet have to have to be a planet? [closed]

Other questions have dealt with where you could find a planet-like object, and what a planet has to consist of to count as a planet. But this question is directed as what orbit or path an object would ...
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2answers
88 views

What would happen if a planet's escape velocity exceeded the speed of light?

What would happen if a planet's escape velocity exceeded the speed of light? Would it also collapse into a black hole (by Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and Pauli's exclusion principle) or would ...
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2answers
8k views

Does a star need to be inside a galaxy?

Must a star belong to a galaxy, or could it be completely isolated? In case it can be isolated (not belong to a galaxy), could it have a planet orbiting around it?
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1answer
38 views

Declination as a function of orbital position

Reading this Wikipedia article and following the derivations (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_irradiance#Milankovitch_cycles), I have found an equation I can't see where it comes from. Perhaps it'...
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1answer
44 views

Can an elliptical planet be stable?

Subsequent to This question about the Earth's actual cross-sectional shape at the equator, I'm wondering about the stability of non-spherical planet-sized masses. Suppose there is a planet of uniform ...
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2answers
58 views

How come planets with different masses can orbit at the same velocity at the same altitudes?

Angular momentum is equal to r × p and angular momentum is also what gives planets with lower orbits a higher speed (because angular momentum is conserved). So as r decreases either m or v (p=mv) has ...
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2answers
37 views

How can I determine a planet's mass based only off of information about its orbit and its parent star?

I'm coding a video game with procedurally generated planetary systems and I want some and I want to make sure I'm at least somewhat scientifically correct. I've reached the part in my code where I ...
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3answers
107 views

If there was a hole in the north pole to the South Pole and you jumped into it how would would you come out feet first? [closed]

If I were to dig a hole in a round sphere Say the earth starting at the north pole standing on my feet I start to dig when I come out the other side would I come out of the whole feet first or head ...
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4answers
74 views

Does an object at the center of the Earth have potential energy?

"Potential energy: The energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors." in other words, I think that potential ...
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0answers
11 views

Why spinning creates bulges? [duplicate]

Earth isnt a perfect but has bulges because of its spinning. What actually creates the bulges? Is the same reason that makes a liquid have v shape in a rotational tube?
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1answer
56 views

Treating stars and planets as a blackbody determine the temperature of a planet that has EM radiation incident upon it from a star

Consider the following question: Power emitted by the star via the Stefan Boltzmann law is as follows: $$4\pi\sigma T_s^4 r_s^2 $$ However the power will drop over distance and so we can say that ...
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2answers
74 views

Could a non-rotating planet, in a binary situation, have gravity?

Is it possible for a singular planet to rotate around a single sun in the same way that our moon rotates around the Earth? If so, would it be possible for that planet, if as large or larger than ...
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3answers
195 views

Why does angular momentum being constant prove Kepler's first law?

So I was watching this video and this video on Kepler's first law in order to understand the proof of Kepler's first law. He started off by saying that for an ellipse, the distance from a focus point ...
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2answers
145 views

Is it possible to have a planet entirely made out of liquid water?

Earth is mostly covered in oceans, but they only go a few kilometres deep. It's obviously not possible to have a planet the size of the earth to be made entirely out of water, because of the kind of ...
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2answers
61 views

How far can you pee on the moon vs. mars? [closed]

Let's suppose you are at Elon Musk's Future Mars colony and you drank too much beer, how far can you pee on Mars if you can pee one meter on earth? If the next day you get on the shuttle to the ...
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1answer
51 views

How does an object's volume affect its gravitational pull?

Two instances. An object is in front of two different planets with the same masses, but two different volumes. How does the gravitational pull vary from each planet? I am thinking with more given ...
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5answers
135 views

How can an electrically neutral planetary core be geodynamo? [duplicate]

The standard theory for the earth's magnetic field is that the planet's core is a geodynamo. I know moving electric charges can induce a magnetic field, but I also know that opposite charges produce ...
3
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0answers
35 views

What if an ocean planet is covered by superfluid ocean? [closed]

It is possible that an ocean planet can be covered by superfluid state liquid. What will happens on this kind of planet? Will there be any changes to tide? Will there be strong magnetic field? Will ...
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1answer
98 views

Sound and gravity

How would heavier gravity (or lighter gravity) affect sound in terms of what I hear? For example, say there is a planet that is capable of supporting human life, but it has heavier gravity than ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the second $r$ in this equation for the Two Body Problem?

$$r=\frac{r^2\frac{\mathrm d\theta^2}{\mathrm dt}}{\frac{Gm_2^3}{\left(m_1+m_2\right)^2}\left(1+e\cos\theta\right)}$$ I have this equation for the radial distance of a planet from the barycenter. But ...
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1answer
49 views

Bad value for sphere of influence with Venus [closed]

I would like to get value of sphere of influence than Wikipedia for Venus: on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphere_of_influence_%28astrodynamics%29 It is indicated for Venus: $S_{\text{OI}}=0.616\,\...
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1answer
484 views

How do we know the Earth's core is Molten with Seismology?

My current knowledge about how the core of the earth was discovered is the observation made from non returning/reflecting sonar signal when sent to deeper depths through the earth's crust/mantle. How ...
1
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1answer
60 views

How did Mars lose all its surface water?

A lot of geological evidence suggests that Mars once had quite a bit of surface water. I assume it wasn't whisked away into space, so where did it all go? What processes caused the water to go there? ...
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2answers
178 views

Accurate Equation for Earth's Gravitational Binding Energy

This is a relatively important question for anyone who can answer it. I am trying to find the equation that accurately solves for Earth's Gravitational Binding Energy. The information below is from ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Earth bulge and axis precession

We know that earth is not spherical because it spins. Does every object that spins bulge? for example a rotating wheel bulges? Also how moon and sun create the torque that shifts the axis of rotation (...
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2answers
62 views

Why do gas giants have similarly coloured stripes?

After looking at Jupiter and searching 'exoplanets gas giants' on google I found that many had stripes on them. I found that pretty peculiar. So why do they have stripes. I think it has something to ...
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1answer
64 views

Digging a hole in the moon across its diameter [duplicate]

What will occur if one digs a hole in some moon/dead-planet without an atmosphere (and without a Lava Core), such that this hole shall have a 1 meter diameter and will be so deep that shall go through ...
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0answers
17 views

How severe would the consequences be if the earth's moon were wrenched from orbit?

The old TV series Space 1999 from the early 1970s seems to have resurfaced on Youtube reminding me of something I watched as a child. It is one of those obviously ridiculous SciFi series (from the ...
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3answers
905 views

Gravitational advantage of outer planets in war

The Expanse books cover a lot of aspects of war in a situation where humans inhabit many planets and moons of the solar system. The author makes the point that, in a war situation, the outer planets ...
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3answers
338 views

The acceleration in Earth's gravity

The acceleration in earth's gravity is $9.807 m/s^2$ at my location. But is this value uniform in the entire earth? For example in the inner core or outer core. What is the acceleration in the center ...
3
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2answers
94 views

Relativistic space rocks. Are they possible?

I was thinking that the Universe is full of extreme events. Colliding galaxies, exploding stars, colliding planets (like in one of models of our Moon formation), colliding black holes... Can it be ...
36
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12answers
12k views

If gravity disappeared, would Newton's third law make everything that was pressed to the ground by gravity get pushed upwards? [closed]

If gravity disappeared, would Newton's third law make everything that was pressed to the ground by gravity get pushed upwards?
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3answers
237 views

Why is Mars so cold when it has so much atmospheric $CO_2$?

Mars has 1/10 of Earth's atmosphere but that atmosphere is 95% CO2. Why is Mars so cold when it has so much atmospheric CO2?
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1answer
27 views

Gravitational/electromagnetic effect of planets on solar activity?

Does the gravitational and/or electromagnetic influence of planets have any effect or correspondence to solar activities (e.g. solar flares/CMEs) - and if so, does the planetary position (where they ...
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1answer
27 views

What's the difference between a convection and a polarization electric field?

In the ionosphere and magnetosphere communities, studies frequently refer to the "convection electric field" and the "polarization electric field". What is the relationship between them, and what are ...