# Questions tagged [phase-space]

A notional even-dimensional space representing all relevant states of a dynamical system; it normally consists of all components of position and momentum/velocity involved in that unique specification. Use for both classical and quantum physics.

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### The complex form of Hamilton canonical equations

I found an excerpt on page 171 of "The variational principles of mechanics" written by Cornelius Lanczos stated that If, however, the conjugate variables $q_k$, $p_k$ are replaced by the complex ...
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### Hamilton's equation of motion with other momentum

I wrote here a problem couple days ago. I figured out what was the problem there, but now it made another problem. Sorry for similiar question. I'm trying to draw phase portrait for my ODE and for my ...
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### Relation between Wigner flows and entropy

After reading this question What's the intuitive reason that phase space flow is incompressible in Classical Mechanics but compressible in Quantum Mechanics? and some papers of Steuernagel’s group,...
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### Legendre transform and coordinate system independence

I'm self-learning analytical mechanics. Consider a classical mechanical system. Even if it's clear to me that via (the usual) Legendre transform we can get a unique Hamiltonian function from a ...
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### How is it possible to have four types of generating functions?

Since the Hamilton's equations of motion remain unchanged in form under a canonical transformation $(q,p)\to (Q,P)$, the Lagrangians must differ by a total time derivative of a function of $q,t$. In ...
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### Density Of states derivation

In the aspect of density of state derivation or simply assuming the frequency of a solid as a continuous distribution we have to come up with an equation expressing the density of states. Its derived ...
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### Free particle 1D phase space

I'm trying to draw the phase space for a particle moving freely between 0 and $L$. I guess $H=E$(total energy, constant)$=\frac{p_{x}^2}{2m}$ so $p_{x}=\pm\sqrt{2mE}$ for every x between 0 and L, and ...
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### Why are 2 dimensions needed for every 1 dimension of space in order to determine the motion of a physical system?

In classical mechanics, the phase space of a mechanical system has twice the number of dimensions of "actual" space (i.e. position space). That is, in phase space, each particle has both a position ...
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### Thermodynamical conjugate variables

In thermodynamics the potentials are typically only a function of 2 variables, say $$U=U(S,V)$$ with entropy $S$ and volume $V$. I see that conjugate pairs $S,T$ or $p,V$ always have the unit of ...
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### Why is a single function sufficient to specify a canonical transformation?

Spivak argues at page 577 in his book Physics for Mathematicians: What are the $2n$ relations he is talking about?
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### Star-shaped phase space

I am asked to classify the following phase spaces. The phase spaces 2 and 3 are fairly simple (harmonic oscillator and a elastically reflected particle). However, I fail to classify the phase space ...
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### Can all canonical transformations be generated using a generating function?

In Classical Mechanics, a gauge transformation is of the form $$L \to L' = L + \frac{dF(q,t)}{dt} \, .$$ Any transformation of this kind leaves the Euler-Lagrange equation ...
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### Symplectic and Euclidean structure invariance

Consider a $2n$ real symplectic space - the usual $\mathbb R^{2n}$. Suppose that the same space could be endowed too with an Euclidean structure, by which the vectors of the symplectic basis are ...
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### Are symmetries necessarily canonical transformations?

A canonical transformation is defined as a transformation such that afterwards Hamilton's equations still hold. It can then be shown that this requirement implies that canonical transformations are ...
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### Derivation of density of states for a gas with $N$ states

I am trying to find any information on the derivation of the density of states for a system with periodic boundary conditions in 3D. I know how it works with 1 particle since I have seen the ...
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### Biconformal space and curvature

I've found very few contributions about the so called Biconformal Space, "a curved phase space". I was sure that in general phase spaces are cotangent bundles naturally equipped with a symplectic 2-...
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### Plotting quadrature uncertainties in phase space

In most books like in the picture given below, the uncertainties regarding quantum states like coherent and squeezed states are represented in phase space plot by some area enclosed within a circle or ...
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### Physical meaning of theorem

This is the image of theorem from V.I Arnold's Mathematical method of mechanics. I understood the example given in text. But I want to know what is physical meaning of example? Can anybody help?
Suppose I write the Hamiltonian/energy of my system in spherical coordinates ($r,\theta,\varphi$) with conjugated momentums($p_r,p_\theta,p_\varphi$). How do I calculate the partition function? If ...
If I am calculating the partition function for $H=cp$, ultrarelativistic gas in three dimensions. And by breaking down $d \Gamma$ into $dq$ and $dq$ and further using spherical coordinates I will get \$...