Questions tagged [order-of-magnitude]

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2answers
39 views

Order of magnitude of zero?

I was wondering what exactly the order of magnitude is of 0. Just by calculating it you obviously get $-\infty$ because of the logarithm but is this really correct?
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1answer
35 views

What does the resistance of same order means in wheatstone bridge means?

As we know that in order to increase the sensitivity of wheat stone bridge resistance are of same order but here what exactly order means can anyone give me an example of this order?
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3answers
78 views

Understanding importance of Planck energy

Planck length is considered to be smallest length possible in the universe. Planck time is smallest time interval possible. Similarly what is importance of Planck energy because it is neither ...
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2answers
136 views

How do physicists compare the relative strengths of the four forces?

Since the four forces are different, with different force carriers, how are they (seemingly) directly compared? I often read that the weak force, for example, is many orders of magnitude stronger ...
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2answers
65 views

Nucleus vibration

What are the frequencies of the vibrations of the atom's nucleus? Is it in the quadrillions? Vibrating molecules is not the same thing - which is addressed as phonon vibration.
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1answer
62 views

Multiple levels of expansion of space? [closed]

It can easily be seen from the plot that there are at least 3 gaps between objects in the large, there is the gap between the planets and the moons, and between the planets and stars, and between ...
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1answer
52 views

Why is quantum gravity so tough to be proved experimentally?

A great deal of particle physics experiments are going on in CERN and similar experimental labs and their study is based on quantum field theory? But I could not understand why quantum gravity is so ...
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0answers
80 views

The answer to this question is not close to the age of the universe, then why do we say it is?

I saw this question in our textbook A great physicist of the century (P.A.M. Dirac) loved playing with numerical values of Fundamental constants of nature. This led him to an interesting ...
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2answers
131 views

Why does everyone seem to assume that gravitational waves will always be very small? [duplicate]

The size or effective distortion field of a gravitational-wave perturbation at any given location in space-time is determined by the distance separating the source and that location. This describes a ...
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1answer
80 views

Order of magnitude radiation measures conversion?

Standard unit of ionizing radiation dose is Sievert. I can get a rough idea of how dangerous absorbing various amounts is from https://xkcd.com/radiation/ and other sources. There are many other ...
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1answer
58 views

Why does the universe manifest scale?

I'll try outline my question in clear terms, articulating specific aspects that are its primary motivators. I'm just beginning in my exploration of physics as a student, but a persistent question that ...
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2answers
145 views

Why do people not have gravitational attraction? [closed]

Gravitational theory says every thing that has mass attract each other. So why don't people attract each other and overlap
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2answers
34 views

How do you calculate Reynolds and Mach's numbers before solving the Navier-Stokes equations?

Apologies in advance if the question is trivial. I am accustomed to electromagnetics but an amateur on fluid dynamics. My understanding is that the Navier-Stokes equations are solved to determined ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Sun's energy and grand unification

According to Wikipedia, The approximate grand unification energy value is equal to $1×10^{25}$ eV or $10^{16}$ GeV This is equal to $1602176$ J. Now, The Earth receives 174 petawatts (PW) ...
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2answers
71 views

When is the order of magnitude not equal to the exponent of scientific notation?

Explain why the order of magnitude is sometimes not the same as the exponent in scientific notation. It is because of the units?
3
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1answer
122 views

When do you use Quantum Mechanics? [duplicate]

Given a problem, how does one know whether to use quantum mechanics or classical mechanics? Take for example electron scattering from a nucleus. The electrons are given a wavefunction in this case. ...
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3answers
166 views

Where is the line between Quantum and Relativity?

Its often said QM is for the very small and GR for the very large. This brings to mind that there should be some limit at which one starts to apply and the other stops. Now I know there are more ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Different approch on Order of magnitude confusion [closed]

My problem: How many orders of magnitude larger is the sun $(1.99$ x $10^{30} kg)$ than the moon $(7.32$ x $10^{22} kg)$. Justification 1: So according to my teacher, we can do this question by ...
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2answers
65 views

What is the point of generalizing a more specific result to an order of magnitude?

In my textbook, an example wants me to find an estimate of the number of cells in a human brain. It gives the volume of the brain as $8 \times 10^{-3}\ \rm m^3$ which it then estimates further as $...
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4answers
14k views

If an apple is magnified to the size of the earth, then the atoms in the apple are approximately the size of the original apple

Quoting from the Feynman Lectures on Physics - Vol I: The atoms are 1 or $2 \times 10^{−8}\ \rm cm$ in radius. Now $10^{−8}\ \rm cm$ is called an angstrom (just as another name), so we say they are ...
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1answer
278 views

What would happen if gamma-ray burst from a supernova burst hit the sun? [closed]

What would happen if gamma-ray burst from a supernova burst hit the sun? Would the sun explode? Would the sun expand. Have a longer lifetime? Shorter Lifetime? Because people are nit-picky about stuff ...
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0answers
79 views

Why are the Planck charge and Planck mass values so much larger than observed particles? [duplicate]

The Planck charge and mass values seem rather unusual. Is this an indicator that there is a lack of understanding in current theory, or is there a logical explanation for the magnitude of these two ...
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1answer
192 views

How much bigger is $a$ than $b$ when we write $a \gg b$?

When a condition of some physical quantity $a$ and $b$ is presented, say $a \gg b$, how much bigger do we say $a$ has to be than $b$? $10$ times? $1000$ times? $10^6$ times? Some context: I am ...
2
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1answer
47 views

How much faster is the chain reaction in a power plant than that of natural uranium ore? What about a nuclear bomb?

How much faster does the fissile uranium in a power plant 'break down' than an equivalent amount of naturally decaying U-235? How much faster is the chain reaction in a bomb compared to a power plant?...
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1answer
139 views

Theory on how to break the speed of light [closed]

I am 14 years old and I think I have a good grasp on physics but I have a question. Imagine you were to shrink everything in the universe (except for yourself) down to the size of an atom and it was ...
2
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2answers
143 views

Do you create gravitational waves by clapping your hands?

I was thinking that given that GW's can be created by the merger of both black holes and neutron stars I don't see why any two colliding objects wouldn't also be able to create gravitational waves, ...
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0answers
50 views

Physical reason for light incoherence

In my physics notes it is stated that the light phase changes every 10^-8 seconds, hence light from 2 light original light sources. I understand how light from incoherent light doesn't allow for ...
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2answers
116 views

Confusion about uncertainty principle

A book is lying on the table. It is at rest. Its velocity is 0 and uncertainty in velocity $\Delta v$ is 0. Does this mean that uncertainty in its position is ∞?
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2answers
607 views

Magnitude of Black hole entropy

I was looking with a friend of mine through time travel related stuff, and for some reason we ended up at the Hawking equation for black hole entropy which is: $$S= \frac{\pi Akc^3}{2hG}$$ where: A:...
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0answers
27 views

how long does it take for a photo-conductor to become a conductor when exposed to light?

How fast does a photo-conductor reach full conductivity when exposed to the appropriate wavelength of light? How fast does it cease to conduct when the radiation ceases? It might vary, so I could also ...
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0answers
43 views

Heating a city with air conditioning units? [closed]

A couple years ago I have estimated that the heat generated by air conditining units is larger than the heat from the sun. So I assumed that there is about 1 kW of solar radiation per m². In the ...
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1answer
107 views

If I have electric current going through a superconductor and cut off the power in what fraction of a second will the electrons stop moving?

If I have electric current going through a superconductor and instantly cut off the power supply(rendering the circuit open, and not at all closed), In what tiny fraction of a second will the flowing ...
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1answer
112 views

Why can't we prepare the moon for colonization by shipping oxygen to its atmosphere?

Why can't we take oxygen to the moon in order to civilize it? We can store oxygen in rockets then take them to moon and release it there. Even if the moon's gravity is weak, it will hold on to the ...
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2answers
79 views

Order of magnitude (serway 9th) [closed]

In my text book I have following example to present computation of order of magnitude: $$0.008 \space 6\space m \sim 10^{-2}m$$ I dont understand whether I am supposed to multiply $0.008$ with $6$, ...
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1answer
64 views

What do we mean by order of a parameter?

This questions looks a bit stupid. But I am confused on a statement which says that the value of some xyz parameter is expected to be of order 1. Does it mean that its value is less than $10^1$ or its ...
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3answers
7k views

How many photons enter our eyes per second when looking at the blue sky on a sunny day?

How many photons enter our eyes per second when looking at the blue sky on a sunny day? Say the sun is directly over head and you are looking at the blue sky on the horizon. Say that the pupil is 2mm ...
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1answer
167 views

Ray Optics: Reflection and Refraction

Suppose you have extremely sensitive photographic film and you can expose it in an optical system for a very long time. Will you be able to record a virtual image on film?
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1answer
901 views

What is a “scale length”, and how do I calculate it for galaxies?

I'm trying to work through, understand, and apply concepts regarding mass models of galaxies. Looking at the Hernquist model, I'm finding the equation $$Φ(r)=−\frac{GM}{r+a},$$ where a is the scale ...
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2answers
956 views

Why is the string length around the Planck length?

In string theory, it is assumed that a string is about the size of a Planck length, $$\ell_{string} \sim \ell_{Pl} \simeq 10^{-35}\,\text m.$$ Why that length? Why not for example a hundred times ...
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5answers
867 views

What's the greatest range of orders of magnitude?

There's a famous claim along the lines of "40 dp of PI are sufficient to calculate the circumference of the Observable Universe to the width of a hydrogen atom" I don't know the accuracy and detail ...
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2answers
228 views

Quantum Gravity In Particle Accelerators

It is my understanding that we have no fully working model for Quantum Gravity. However, I imagine one would need to take quantum gravity into account when making discoveries in, say, particle ...
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1answer
990 views

Can we really neglect gravitational strength?

In an atomic and particle physics model, the gravitational force is ignored or neglected. Physicists might have freedom of ignoring such minute scale value. But can we really avoid it in calculations? ...
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2answers
181 views

Kolmogorov scale why $d\sim \left( \frac{\nu^3}{\epsilon} \right)^{1/4}$ and not $d\propto \left( \frac{\nu^3}{\varepsilon} \right)^{1/4}$?

I am looking at the Kolmogorov scale and in numerous sources (e.g. this one). I have seen the following: $$d\sim \left( \frac{\nu^3}{\epsilon} \right)^{1/4}$$ for the Kolmogorov scale. I can see why ...
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2answers
4k views

What's smaller: a neutrino, or a string from string theory [closed]

I've recently read an article that stated "If an atom were as big as the solar system, a neutrino would be the size of a golf ball". I watch the science channel, and on (I believe) the show How the ...
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2answers
107 views

In geometrical optics, how can we say that rays coming from a distant object are parallel to one another?

If two rays are not parallel in the start, how can they become parallel at the instant when they strike the lens of a telescope? If they don't become parallel, why do we consider them to be, in the ...
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0answers
84 views

Ignoring orders of magnitude in a problem

I am so lost in this solution to a physics problem. In the problem I find the gravitational force on the Moon due to Earth and the gravitational force on the Moon due to the Sun They are about $1....
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0answers
357 views

Pressure inside a typical white dwarf

Does any one know the order of magnitude of pressure inside a typical white dwarf (better with reference)? Thanks! I think it should be $m_e^4c^5/h^3$ (may be multiplied by $\pi$), which is $10^{22} \...
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3answers
6k views

Why is 7 TeV considered as a big amount of energy?

Considering that $7$ TeV is more or less the same kinetic energy as a mosquito flying, why is it considered to be a great amount of energy at the LHC? I mean, a giant particle accelerator that can ...
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5answers
6k views

Is there a rigorous definition of 'much greater than'?

I have encountered $\gg$ in many physics text books where it's used as a relation between constants or functions but in none of the text books I have read is it properly defined anywhere. If $A \gg ...
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4answers
8k views

How is it possible that the energy needed to stop a train is the same as the (chemical) energy in a pack of chocolate cookies?

Today my friend told me something that blew my mind completely. He said: The energy necessary to stop a train is equal to the energy in a pack of cookies. How is that possible? Is he right? I'm ...