Questions tagged [non-perturbative]

Use this for questions which discuss models of quantum theories which do not make use of peturbation theory.

1
vote
1answer
60 views

S Duality and Effective Couplings

I am brand new to this subject, so this will probably be a very stupid question, but I would appreciate any patient explanations. S-duality is typically described as a relationship between two QFTs (...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

How does 11D Supergravity relate to M-Theory?

I know Type IIA/B, Type I, HO, & HE are related through the T and S Dualities. However, how does SUGRA factor in here? What exactly is 11D SUGRA’s significance in M-Theory? Some seem to suggest ...
6
votes
0answers
113 views

Kallen-Lehmann representation and branch cuts at threshold masses

Let us consider the Kallen-Lehmann representation for the two-point function of scalar fields $$ \langle \Omega | T\left\{\phi(x) \phi(y)\right\}|\Omega\rangle = \int \frac{d^4 p}{(2\pi)^4} e^{ip\...
6
votes
0answers
106 views

Question about the vacua of the Standard Model

This question is probably based on a misunderstanding. Please correct me if I'm wrong, and if unclear, I'll try to put it in a clearer language. In Yang-Mills theory such as the theory of strong ...
6
votes
0answers
1k views

LSZ reduction theorem derivation in Weinberg QFT

When deriving LSZ reduction theorem Weinberg in his QFT book have assumed n-point generalized Green functions, $$ G(q_{1},...,q_{n}) = \int d^{4}x_{1}...d^{4}x_{n}e^{-i\prod_{i =1}^{n}q_{j}x_{j}} \...
5
votes
0answers
196 views

Higher category theory, renormalization, and non-perturbative QFTs

I'm (vaguely) aware of certain uses of higher category theory in attempts to mathematically understand quantum field theories -- for example, Lurie's work on eTQFTs, the recent-ish book by Paugam, and ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

What is the problem of non-pertubative quantisation?

In reading books about quantisation, there is (sometimes hidden) the claim, that quantisation is done using a pertubative approach. You look at the free field, find that it is essentially a sum of ...
4
votes
0answers
265 views

Non-perturbative approach to QFT in Hamiltonian formalism?

A simple conceptual question today: is it true that QFT can only be approached in a non-perturbative way only through the functional methods (like 1/N), while in the Hamiltonian formalism we can only ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

Topological terms VEVs and ghosts

Suppose we have the Standard model, and we want to calculate with VEVs of topological susceptibilities of $SU_{L}(2), U_{Y}(1)$ and $SU_{c}(3)$ fields, which have the form $$ \tag 1 \kappa \equiv \...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Mirrored decoupling fermion doublers and a lattice chiral fermion / gauge theory

Nielsen Ninomiya Fermion-doubling problem has known to be a challenge to construct a chiral fermion or chiral gauge theory on the lattice. There is a proposed resolution to use so-called two mirrored ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

What would a non-perturbative renormalization group treatment for polymers look like?

I know that one can do perturbative renormalization for the polymer excluded volume problem or the self-avoiding walk problem corresponding to n=0 component field theory. Here in Hamiltonian, we have, ...
3
votes
0answers
204 views

What is the current situation about triviality of $\phi^4$ theory in $d=3+1$?

I was reading a book by Franco Strocchi, this one, and in some points the author claims that the case of $d=3+1$ of triviality of $\phi^4$ theory is now proven. As far as I can tell, we have just some ...
3
votes
0answers
247 views

Perturbative coupling for QFT

I'm confused about the definition of a perturbative coupling for QFT that it should be less than 4 $\pi$, because the higher order corrections comes of order $\lambda/(4 \pi)$ .. Now why QCD is not ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Topological susceptibility of electroweak theta-term

Suppose EW theory generating functional: $$ Z[\text{sources}] = \int D(A,\psi,\bar{\psi}, H,H^{\dagger})\text{exp}\bigg[i\int d^{4}x\bigg(-\frac{1}{4g_{EW}^2}F_{EW}^2 + \bar{\psi}(D - m)\psi + DH^{\...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

Why is QCD hard to solve if I know the beta functions?

Why is it still hard to solve QCD if we know the beta functions of the coupling? Aren't only the loops causing problems? And am I not able to write every possible interaction exact at tree-level with ...
3
votes
0answers
274 views

Why does global supersymmetry commute with gauge transformations?

In particular, I would like to understand the following quotation from a paper by Witten: Nucl.Phys. B188 (1981) 513 (p. 515 at the top) His statement: This is so because in global supersymmetry ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

The role of the renormalization scale in the functional renormalization group

On p. 28 of Bertrand Delamotte's Introduction to the Nonperturbative Renormalization Group he writes $k$ [the renormalization scale] acts as an infrared regulator (for $k \neq 0$) somewhat similar ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Decay of some particle involved quarks vs mesons as outgoing states

Let's have decay width of some mother particle into the state which involves hadrons. For simplicity, let's assume that creation of hadrons (on diagram) is possible only through electroweak vertices (...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Theory with interaction and the birth of bound states during propagation

Suppose we want to calculate vacuum expectation $$ \tag 1 D_{lm}(x - y) = \langle \Omega | \hat {T}\left( \hat {\Psi}_{l}(x)\hat {\Psi}_{m}^{\dagger}(y)\right)| \Omega\rangle = \langle \Omega| \hat {...
2
votes
0answers
204 views

Perturbative vs. non-perturbative approaches to a well-defined Yang-Mills theory in 4 dimensions

Another question regarding the Yang-Mills Existence and Mass Gap problem (http://www.claymath.org/sites/default/files/yangmills.pdf). Does the problem require that the "construction" of a four ...
2
votes
0answers
250 views

Definition of a non-pertubative Quantum field theory

How do you define a non-perturbative Quantum field theory. What does it mean? I was just digging around some math about the meaning of $Z_1$, and such in terms of probabilities. It turns out these and ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Implications of Instanton Corrections (to Degenerate Vacuua) for Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

We consider that if the classical vacuua of a theory are degenerate then each of them can be non-invariant under one or more of the symmetries of the Lagrangian. We can choose one of the vacuua and ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Perturbative series in physics: why are coeffcieints of Gevrey-1 type (i.e. bounded by $\alpha C^n(n!)^1$

I have only been able to find this explicitly mentioned in this paper on resurgence techniques in physics. And have chased up the hints it gives, but they are not very explanatory. Essentially, the ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Nonperturbative results for $\phi^3$ theory in dimensions $d>6$?

The theory is nonrenormalizeable in those dimensions, but can you say anything about the theory anyway? Specifically I am wondering about the status of whether the theory is trivial, i.e. a ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Does an instanton couple equally to all flavors?

Do gravitational / electroweak / QCD / ... instantons couple equally to all fermion flavors? For example, do QCD instantons distinguish between the different quark flavors? Edit, due to comment (...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the difference between real and complex instantons (mathemtically, and their physical significance), and connection to Wick rotation

I am struggling to understand the difference and physical significance between real and complex instantons- I think these are also sometimes called ghost instantons? There are also anti-instantons. ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How does Atiyah-Singer index theorem relates instanton number to number of fermion zero modes?

I was studying this paper, where the authors consider an $SU(2)$ gauge field of instanton number 1 on a 4-sphere $M =S^4$. If $n_L$ is the number of zero modes of $\psi_L$ and $n_R$ is the number of ...
0
votes
0answers
658 views

Physical meaning of Ward Identity and computing vertex functions

Following the derivation of Ward Identity by Weinberg book, you get it in the form $$ (l-k)_\mu S'(k)\Gamma^\mu(k,l)S'(l) = i S'(l) - iS'(k) $$ Can anyone explain the physical meaning of this ...
0
votes
0answers
279 views

What happens to the amplituhedron in a non-peturbative context?

The Amplituhedron has recently been popular; it supposedly encodes perturbative scattering amplitudes in a simple, geometric fashion. What happens to it in a non-perturbative context? Is there ...