Questions tagged [non-equilibrium]

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Modern textbook on statistical field theory with an emphasis on applications to non-equilibrium phenomena?

What is a good textbook on statistical field theory, with an emphasis on applications to non-equilibrium phenomena? I am a final-year undergraduate, have already taken introductory classes in ...
47 views

Construct recurrence relation for the temporal evolution of a Master equation

Say that we have a system evolving over discrete timesteps. The quantity we are interested is X and is given by a distribution $P_X$. This distribution is evolving temporally, and we have a ...
227 views

Violations of Onsager reciprocity?

As far as I understand it, the modern statement of Onsager reciprocity is that the linear-response transport coefficient matrix, when transposed, is equal to that of the time-reversed system (reversed ...
2k views

What is “Dynamical phase transition”?

What is "Dynamical phase transition"? It is a fancy notion now. But what exactly does it mean? What is the difference between it and the conventional phase transition?
1k views

Diffusion coefficient for asymmetric (biased) random walk

I want to obtain a Fokker-Planck like equation by taking the continuous limit of a discrete asymmetric random walk. Let the probability of taking a step to the right be $p$, and the probability of ...
311 views

Thermodynamic equilibrium or thermal equilibrium and equipartition theorem

In all derivations of the equipartition theorem I can find a thermodynamic equilibrium distribution is used to show it's validity. But more vague sources (physics.stackexchange answer by Luboš Motl, ...
656 views

Did the universe have a temperature during inflation?

I've heard it said that inflation was not an equilibrium process. But I've also heard it said that during inflation, the temperature of the universe was much cooler than before or after. If the ...
39 views

66 views

Making Pudding; A complicated non-equilibrium statistical process?

There are a lot of non-equilibrium processes examples given in physics literature. But some processes that are present in everyday life are not treated. As an example, the formation of pudding can be ...
57 views

What conditions are needed for Onsager reciprocal relations?

I often find a thorough discussion of the conditions that must hold for a theorem lacking, especially in the sense of what they actually mean physically. Could anyone write up what kind of systems ...
478 views

Capturing (perturbatively) non-equilibrium field theory effects using “elementary” methods

I am considering a system of two interacting scalar fields: $\psi$, and $\phi$. The Lagrangian is given by: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}[\psi]=\frac{1}{2}\partial_\mu\psi\partial^\mu\psi+\frac{1}{2}\...
2k views

Local and global detailed balance

I'm taking a course on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and I encountered the terms local and global detailed balance. I'm a bit confused about what is their exact definition and what is the ...
84 views

Seeking Reference on Transport of Momentum by Diffusion of Mass

I'm looking at continuum mechanics from the perspective of De Groot and Mazur's "Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics" - the first reference that I've come across that seems to do a good job of bringing ...
293 views

Are ultracold atoms only created by intelligent life?

Nature has particle accelerators that are far beyond our capacity, but occasionally I hear atomic physicists claim that they are able to make something that has never been formed in any natural ...
2k views

Equilibrium when it shouldn't be?

I'm doing an experiment that requires me to balance a ring, tied to four strings, in the middle of a force table; in other words, the objective is to set the ring at equilibrium. Each string is ...
602 views

Chemical reaction A+B$\leftrightarrow$C. Equilibrium VS Non Equilibrium

Could you please confirm or say why I am wrong? Let us consider the steady state of the chemical reaction $A+B \leftrightarrow^{k_+}_{k_-} C$, with $k_+$ and $k_-$ the forward and backward rates. ...
673 views

What is the use of Schwinger-Keldysh formalism?

In non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, there is this formidable formalism, called the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism. I have read about it, and I understand what it is. However, what I what to know ...
61 views

Is the system in equilibrium?

If the time derivative of the Liapunov functional related to free energy of my system is zero, can I say my system is in chemical equilibrium?
700 views

Validity of topological thermodynamics?

I've been reading some material by R. Kiehn, developing a topological approach to non-equilibrium thermodynamics through Cartan forms, where the fundamental claim is that irreversible processes are ...
1k views

Diffusion in a chemical potential gradient

I am having troubles to understand to connection between equilibrium and non equilibrium thermodynamics. I am studying a mixture of molecules $A,B,C$ and solvent $S$. The free energy $F$ is given by ...