Questions tagged [newtonian-mechanics]

Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Why does the Earth rotate? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does every thing spin? So why would the Earth, or any planet for that matter, rotate along an axis? I know of no force which could come into play here, so i assume it just ...
2
votes
0answers
349 views

Projectile motion equations @ very (!) high starting velocity [duplicate]

I've already searched Physics StackExchange for some similar question but I didn't find anything about this. Assumptions: Earth is a perfect sphere with it's core (X,Y,Z) -> (0,0,0) as a reference-...
28
votes
5answers
7k views

How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force?

How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force? By Newton's law, any body can't move without any external force
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Escape velocity of a rocket standing on Ganymede (Moon of Jupiter) [closed]

I want to calculate the escape velocity of a rocket, standing on the surface of Ganymede (moon of Jupiter) and trying to leave Ganymede. My thinking was, the kinetic energy $E_{\text{KIN}}$ must be ...
-1
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I express the Kepler general orbit $r(\phi)$ in rectangular coordinates?

How do I express the Kepler general orbit $r(\phi)$ in rectangular coordinates? I use the identities $x=r\cos\phi$, $y=r\sin\phi$, and $r^2 = x^2 + y^2$, but I block at some point.
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do some satellites fall to Earth?

In another question How does Newtonian mechanics explain why orbiting objects do not fall to the object they are orbiting?, one can read an affirmative answer. They how do you explain satellites ...
7
votes
1answer
90k views

How does force affect velocity?

I know that a force will change the magnitude of velocity if it is at an angle other that 90 degrees. If the force is perpendicular to the velocity it will cause the path of the object to curve and ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Inertial frames of reference

I'm struggling with the notion of an inertial frame of reference. I suspect my difficulty lies with the difference between Newtonian and relativistic inertial frames, but I can't see it. I've read ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Question regarding escape velocity

Haliday-Resnick-Walker state that the escape velocity will cause a projectile to move upward forever, theoretically coming to rest only at infinity. I was wondering what the forces forcing the body ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

Is there an intuitive reason the brachistochrone and the tautochrone are the same curve?

The brachistochrone problem asks what shape a hill should be so a ball slides down in the least time. The tautochrone problem asks what shape yields an oscillation frequency that is independent of ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
2
votes
2answers
221 views

Movement of a nudged block on a high friction surface

If I apply a single force to an object ‘floating in free space’, then it will either translate (if the force is in line with the Cof G ) or more generally it‘ll rotate about the C of G due to the ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Would a projectile keep going forever in empty space?

Would a projectile fired in space and assuming there were no stars or planets in the way, would the projectile continue on to infinity, since the x-component of the projectile's velocity never changes ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Classical car collision [duplicate]

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
1
vote
2answers
326 views

Impulse situation

I am wondering if a physical system subjected to an impulse $=A\delta(x-a)$ makes any sense. I reckon that a force could take that form -- thought of as a finite impulse applied over an infinitesimal ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

On the topic of action and reaction

So, let's say we have a spacecraft in deep space. It activates its rocket engines, to keep it simple. The engine reaction channels exhaust through the aft nozzle, right? How does that chemical ...
3
votes
4answers
13k views

Net work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero?

I'm little confused here. Work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero, because according to work energy theorem, change in kinetic energy of the body is zero. So, the net ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Arnold´s Math Methods of Classical Mechs - a question on Newtonian Mechanics

There is the following question/answer on Arnold´s book Mathematical Methods of Classical page 10. Arnold's Question A mechanical system consists of two points. At the initial moment their ...
18
votes
4answers
15k views

Dependence of Friction on Area

Is friction really independent of area? The friction force, $f_s = \mu_s N$. The equation says that friction only depends on the normal force, which is $ N = W = mg$, and nature of sliding surface, ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Use the relative velocity formula to find $v_{2f}$ in terms of $v_{1f}$?

Q: A $0.150\text{ kg}$ glider is moving to the right ($+x$) on a frictionless, horizontal air track with a speed of $0.80\text{ m/s}$. It has an elastic collision with a $0.300\text{ kg}$ glider ...
14
votes
4answers
6k views

Does conservation of momentum really imply Newton's third law?

I often heard that conservation of momentum is nothing else than Newton's third law. Ok, If you have only two interacting particles in the universe, this seems to be quite obvious. However if you ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

How do I find the frictional force using a free body diagram? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Free Body Diagram I have this problem: A person push a 16 kg lawn mower at constant speed with a force of 80 Newtons directed along the handle which is at an angle of 45 ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What is a Free Body Diagram?

I have this problem: A 10 kg box is resting on a frictionless table and someone drags it by a string at a 30 degree angle to the horizontal with a force of 40 Newtons. Find the acceleration of the ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Bullet trajectory at different angles

I've read from different sources (can't find them online) that firing a bullet at different angles from horizontal will result in differing amount of bullet drop. For example, a gun is fired at a ...
1
vote
1answer
522 views

Vertical Motion in Air + Density [closed]

I am having trouble with this confusing question. Please help. The fastest recorded skydive was by an Air Force officer who jumped from a helium balloon at an elevation of 103000 ft, three times ...
2
votes
1answer
770 views

Realistic projectile motion

I am working on a project involving a simulation of the motion of a projectile (in 3D) aimed at a moving target. The way projectile motion is analyzed in most introductory physics books is not ...
3
votes
2answers
673 views

Kinetic energy puzzle

System S1 moves at constant speed V with respect to S0 in one dimension: ...
-1
votes
1answer
526 views

decomposing forces

I have a question about something I'm not sure about. I will first explain the story. Image If you calculate the force of a truck going downhill and applying its brakes: The mass is $50000\text{ kg}...
4
votes
3answers
793 views

Only Head On collision?

Let us consider two spheres A and B. Suppose they are interacting with each other (In broad sense one can say they are colliding). Let for the time being refer to "striking by coming in contact as ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Initial vs Constant Orbital Velocity

I am working on some basic physics simulation for a game and need to simulate gravity. I have a system working that is behaving more or less correctly so far, but I want to see if I can send a ...
27
votes
6answers
15k views

Why do ships lean to the outside, but boats lean to the inside of a turn?

Small vessels generally lean into a turn, whereas big vessels lean out. Why do ships lean to the outside, but boats lean to the inside of a turn? For example, a boat leaning into a turn: Image ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Slingshot Projectile motion calculation [closed]

If I have distance the sling was dragged and the angle of the drag; then I require to calculate the projectile motion this sling shot would make. What are the equations that would enable this ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How does one calculate the force applied on an object by a magnetic field?

I've tried very hard to find an answer to this question, and every path leads me to an abstract discussion of fundamental forces. Therefore, I will propose two very specific scenarios and see if they ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Could hydrogen liberated from water provide lifting energy which exceeds the energy it took to liberate it from water

I was thinking about Hydrogen balloons and that large ones which are used for weather balloons which sometimes go up to 100,000 ft (approx 30km). Then I was wondering, how much potential energy has ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

why does what get pushed away when centripetal acceleration is towards the center

If centripetal acceleration is towards the center, then why - when you spin a bucket of water (a classic demonstration) - does the water not get pushed out but rather stays in the bucket without ...
1
vote
2answers
656 views

Linear motion with and without Friction

Could we still use Newtonian mechanics in a frictionless world?
6
votes
5answers
40k views

Newton's second law of motion in terms of momentum

I am reading a document and in answer to the question "State Newton’s second law of motion", the candidate answers that The force acting on an object equals the rate of change of momentum of the ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

How does length of the bar affect force on the muscles?

Fitness Model, Rob Riches, claims that doing bicep curls with Olympic bars is different than lifting with normal bars. Biceps have always been a favorite muscle group of mine to train, but since ...
18
votes
6answers
33k views

Is Melancholia's orbit impossible?

In the 2011 movie Melancholia, a planet, also called Melancholia, enters the solar system and hits the Earth. I want to leave aside the (also unreasonable) aspect that planet "hides behind the Sun" ...
12
votes
3answers
15k views

What is the cause of the normal force? [duplicate]

I've been wondering, what causes the normal force to exist? In class the teacher never actually explains it, he just says "It has to be there because something has to counter gravity." While I ...
4
votes
5answers
32k views

Will a ball thrown straight up in a train land in same spot (in real world)?

I have a question that came up in a discussion with friends. If I throw a ball straight up in an enclosed train car moving with constant velocity, I believe the basic physics books say it will land ...
7
votes
8answers
10k views

How does the earth move?

My son who is 5 years old is asking me a question about how the earth moves around the sun. What answer should I give him?
20
votes
4answers
5k views

Galilean invariance of Lagrangian for non-relativistic free point particle?

In QFT, the Lagrangian density is explicitly constructed to be Lorentz-invariant from the beginning. However the Lagrangian $$L = \frac{1}{2} mv^2$$ for a non-relativistic free point particle is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How would a newtons cradle act in zero gravity?

I imagine that the first ball would strike the rest as normal, but what would the last ball do, without gravity to swing it back?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Where does the reaction to action come from?

Third Newton's law, $F_{1->2} = -F_{2->1}$ So, how does a body react with the same force that it's receiving from the acting body? Is it the electric interactions at the subatomic level? When ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Bouncing back of a ball [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Physics of simple collisions Let the unit vector along the positive x- axis be i and that along the Y-axis be j. Let us consider a rigid wall with the normal to the wall ...
0
votes
0answers
174 views

Why do we fall when we ride bicycle slowly but we don't when riding it fastly [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why doesn't the bike fall if going with a high speed? Why is it that, when we ride bicycle at good speed, it is perfectly balanced and we don't fall. But we lose balance ...
11
votes
3answers
13k views

Can superconducting magnets fly (or repel the earth's core)?

If a superconducting magnet and appropriate power supply had just enough $I\cdot s$ (current $\cdot$ length) so that when it was perpendicular to the earth's magnetic field, the force of the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I determine the amount of lift needed to launch an object?

So as part of a video I'm working on, I'm trying to launch a 10kg table about 8m into the air. A machinist friend of mine has provided a solution that involves pneumatic cylinders and a pump to ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Different values of same physical quantity in time domain and space domain OR Physical explanation of Cauchy Schwarz result

I read this example in a popular math book I was browsing, and the author does not give any physical explanation. The example: Consider a rock falling freely under gravity. There are no viscous or ...