Questions tagged [newtonian-mechanics]

Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Where does the principle of superposition come from in newtonian mechanics?

Part of the definition of the concept of force is that if particle $1$ exerts a force $F_1$ on particle $3$ and particle $2$ exerts a force $F_2$ on particle $3$, the total force on particle $3$ is $...
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I think there is something wrong with this problem. How do you know if the vertical acceleration is zero?

Suppose a block with mass 3kg is on a frictionless table and a force of 15N pulls it from an angle of 38 degrees above the horizontal. 1) What is the apparent weight of the block? 2) What is the ...
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This is going to sound really stupid. But how do I change my normal force?

Suppose I am going to the doctor's and I want to do either of the following Make myself lighter on the scale Make myself heavier on the scale For 2), isn't it just relaxing and let your mass drop? ...
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Forces exerted on a body inside an accelerating elevator

Three masses $m_1 = 3\text{ kg}$, $m_2 = 9\text{ kg}$ and $m_3 = 6\text{ kg}$ hang from three identical springs in a motionless elevator. The elevator is moving downward with a velocity of $v = -2\...
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Physics Paradox about Newtons Second Law $F=ma$

If force equals mass times acceleration, wouldn't a basketball dropped from the top of the Eiffel tower exert the same force on the ground as a basketball dropped a foot off the ground? They both have ...
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Does a car use friction to move?

When a car's engine injects fuel into the cylinder chambers, the reaction creates a force that generates rotational momentum to the shaft and over the transmission, it translates that power to the ...
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How do I find the force an object exerts on adjacent objects when I push on it?

Suppose that I have a situation like the figure below, with several circular objects in contact. I know: $\vec{A},\vec{B},\vec{C}$: the positions of the points of contact between circles $\vec{O}$: ...
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Using acceleration to plot position

Sorry if this question is dumb, and I know is physics 101, but I'm not that good with physics. I'm writing an iPhone program that by collecting the acceleration data of the device tries to replicate ...
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What does it mean if a = g in this situation?

I basically solved this problem, but I am unsure what the final equation actually means. blocks on table http://img560.imageshack.us/img560/9804/83508925.jpg Write an expression for solving ...
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Logical connection of Newton's Third Law to the first two

The first law and second laws of motion are obviously connected. But it seems to me that the third law is not related to the first two, at least logically. (In Kleppner's Mechanics the author states ...
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Real world examples for projectile thrown upwards or downwards

I am preparing a physics course for high school about projectile motions. If a projectile moves with initial velocity $v_0$ in the gravitational field of the earth, the equation $$ s(t) = \frac{1}{2}...
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Some questions about the logics of the principles of independence of motion and composition of motion

In high-school level textbooks* one encounters often the principles of independence of motion and that of composition (or superpositions) of motions. In this context this is used as "independence of ...
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What is escape velocity? In reality, how can something no longer be under the gravitational influence of something else?

Isn't G a continuous function and although you leave the immediate vicinity of the earth with an escape velocity won't it always exert a force, however small it may be. Won't that force eventually ...
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Energy transferring question

If I have a spring being compressed by two bodies, A and B, with different masses, how much energy would be transferred to each one when they are released and the spring expanded?
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Calculate time for which a mass is in free fall [closed]

So I am trying to remember my childhood doing some Physics problems, but seems that I forgot almost everything. But it's not a big thing... that's why I'm training! My problem is pretty basic ...
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Figuring out the force using Newton's 2nd Law

Here's a problem on my test review: A 12 kg crate resta on a horizontal surface and a boy pulls on it with a force that is 30° below the horizontal. If the coefficient of static friction is 0....
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Finding initial velocity using conservation of momentum and energy [closed]

A 14 g bullet is fired into a 120 g wooden block initially at rest on a horizontal surface. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s^2. After impact, the block slides 6.97 m before coming to rest. If ...
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Is the number of independent constants of a system equal to the number of degree of freedom of it?

Maybe the question is not very clear myself since I am not a physics major.But can you help me make this question clearer and then give me some comments on it? I got that this holds in gravitional ...
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FPS to MKS usage issues

I'm currently taking a high school physics class and we're doing friction problems now. I've been doing the ones that use MKS perfectly well, but when the problems start to use the FPS system, I'm ...
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What “I” should use in Rotational Energy formula $(I \omega^2)/2$

$\text{Rotational Energy} = \frac{1}{2} I \omega^2$. What $I$ should be used? $I$ as a inertia tensor matrix = stepRotation * inverse moment of inertia * inverse stepRotation; Or I as moment of ...
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Why is mechanical waves faster in denser medium while EM waves slower?

Why is it that mechanical waves/longitudinal waves/sound travel faster in a denser/stiffer medium as in steel compared to say air, while EM waves/trasverse waves/light travels slower in a (optically) ...
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How to modify the bullet trajectory based on the ballistic coefficient?

I am new to the physics surrounding bullet trajectory and how it is calculated. I am a software developer and I am working on a ballistics calculator for rifles. I am using wiki for the trajectory ...
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How can I modify the bullet trajectory based on the ballistic coefficient? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to modify the bullet trajectory based on the ballistic coefficient? I am new to the physics surrounding bullet trajectory and how it is calculated. I am a software ...
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Path to obtain the shortest traveling time

Asume we have a particle sitting at the point A(0,0) in a gravitational field. (g=9.81) It is going to move along some path to the point B(a,b) Where a>0 and b<0. What is the curve the particle ...
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Why does this object periodically turn itself?

See below gif image taken from here. Or see this Youtube video about 30 sec in. Is this a real effect? Why does it seem to turn periodically? Can it be explained by classical mechanics alone? Is ...
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Is there any true inertial reference frame in the universe?

Is there any true inertial reference frame in the universe? Newton's first law states that an object at rest remains at rest, and an object performing uniform motion performs uniform motion, until ...
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Vertical component of moving weight at a 45 degree angle

Here's an easier one. I use the leg press machine at the gym so I don't have to worrying about hurting myself while lifting heavier weight. The weight glides on a track that looks to be 45 degrees. ...
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Why does the Earth rotate? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why does every thing spin? So why would the Earth, or any planet for that matter, rotate along an axis? I know of no force which could come into play here, so i assume it just ...
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Projectile motion equations @ very (!) high starting velocity [duplicate]

I've already searched Physics StackExchange for some similar question but I didn't find anything about this. Assumptions: Earth is a perfect sphere with it's core (X,Y,Z) -> (0,0,0) as a reference-...
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How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force?

How does a mobile phone vibrate without any external force? By Newton's law, any body can't move without any external force
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Escape velocity of a rocket standing on Ganymede (Moon of Jupiter) [closed]

I want to calculate the escape velocity of a rocket, standing on the surface of Ganymede (moon of Jupiter) and trying to leave Ganymede. My thinking was, the kinetic energy $E_{\text{KIN}}$ must be ...
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How do I express the Kepler general orbit $r(\phi)$ in rectangular coordinates?

How do I express the Kepler general orbit $r(\phi)$ in rectangular coordinates? I use the identities $x=r\cos\phi$, $y=r\sin\phi$, and $r^2 = x^2 + y^2$, but I block at some point.
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Why do some satellites fall to Earth?

In another question How does Newtonian mechanics explain why orbiting objects do not fall to the object they are orbiting?, one can read an affirmative answer. They how do you explain satellites ...
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How does force affect velocity?

I know that a force will change the magnitude of velocity if it is at an angle other that 90 degrees. If the force is perpendicular to the velocity it will cause the path of the object to curve and ...
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Inertial frames of reference

I'm struggling with the notion of an inertial frame of reference. I suspect my difficulty lies with the difference between Newtonian and relativistic inertial frames, but I can't see it. I've read ...
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Question regarding escape velocity

Haliday-Resnick-Walker state that the escape velocity will cause a projectile to move upward forever, theoretically coming to rest only at infinity. I was wondering what the forces forcing the body ...
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Is there an intuitive reason the brachistochrone and the tautochrone are the same curve?

The brachistochrone problem asks what shape a hill should be so a ball slides down in the least time. The tautochrone problem asks what shape yields an oscillation frequency that is independent of ...
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Why are there both Static and Kinetic Friction?

When dragging an object, there is a greater start-up force than the force it takes to keep it moving. Why is this? Why are there two different values for friction?
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Movement of a nudged block on a high friction surface

If I apply a single force to an object ‘floating in free space’, then it will either translate (if the force is in line with the Cof G ) or more generally it‘ll rotate about the C of G due to the ...
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Would a projectile keep going forever in empty space?

Would a projectile fired in space and assuming there were no stars or planets in the way, would the projectile continue on to infinity, since the x-component of the projectile's velocity never changes ...
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Classical car collision [duplicate]

I have a very confusing discussion with a friend of mine. 2 cars ($car_a$ and $car_b$) of the same mass $m$ are on a collision course. Both cars travel at $50_\frac{km}{h}$ towards each other. They ...
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Impulse situation

I am wondering if a physical system subjected to an impulse $=A\delta(x-a)$ makes any sense. I reckon that a force could take that form -- thought of as a finite impulse applied over an infinitesimal ...
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On the topic of action and reaction

So, let's say we have a spacecraft in deep space. It activates its rocket engines, to keep it simple. The engine reaction channels exhaust through the aft nozzle, right? How does that chemical ...
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Net work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero?

I'm little confused here. Work done on the body when we lift it and put it on the table is zero, because according to work energy theorem, change in kinetic energy of the body is zero. So, the net ...
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Arnold´s Math Methods of Classical Mechs - a question on Newtonian Mechanics

There is the following question/answer on Arnold´s book Mathematical Methods of Classical page 10. Arnold's Question A mechanical system consists of two points. At the initial moment their ...
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Dependence of Friction on Area

Is friction really independent of area? The friction force, $f_s = \mu_s N$. The equation says that friction only depends on the normal force, which is $ N = W = mg$, and nature of sliding surface, ...
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Use the relative velocity formula to find $v_{2f}$ in terms of $v_{1f}$?

Q: A $0.150\text{ kg}$ glider is moving to the right ($+x$) on a frictionless, horizontal air track with a speed of $0.80\text{ m/s}$. It has an elastic collision with a $0.300\text{ kg}$ glider ...
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Does conservation of momentum really imply Newton's third law?

I often heard that conservation of momentum is nothing else than Newton's third law. Ok, If you have only two interacting particles in the universe, this seems to be quite obvious. However if you ...
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How do I find the frictional force using a free body diagram? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Free Body Diagram I have this problem: A person push a 16 kg lawn mower at constant speed with a force of 80 Newtons directed along the handle which is at an angle of 45 ...
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What is a Free Body Diagram?

I have this problem: A 10 kg box is resting on a frictionless table and someone drags it by a string at a 30 degree angle to the horizontal with a force of 40 Newtons. Find the acceleration of the ...