All Questions

7
votes
1answer
141 views

What will be the uncertainty in $\mu_0$ under the new SI scheme?

As you may be aware, a new SI system is likely to be adopted in November 2018 (see https://www.nist.gov/si-redefinition/kilogram-introduction). Whilst the speed of light remains a fixed quantity and ...
50
votes
4answers
8k views

In nuclear physics, what length year in seconds is used?

So I'm working on a nuclear physics problem and am looking at radioactive decay. The common unit used for very long decays is years within the literature. Is this the sidereal or tropical year? I want ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Uncertainty propagation upon taking the median

If I have $N$ repeated occurrences of a measurement $x$ with uncorrelated errors and identical uncertainties $u_x$, and take the mean $\langle x\rangle$, the uncertainty on the mean becomes: $$u_{\...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

How do we know the precise speed of light in a vacuum? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia - "Its exact value is 299792458 metres per second" I'm wondering how we can be so precise as to the speed of light given that we cannot create a true vacuum on Earth and as I ...
1
vote
3answers
466 views

What is precision?

I’ve learnt that accuracy is how close to the true value a measurement is (i.e. low discrepancy between the experimental and theoretical values). Precision, on the other hand, is the reproducibility ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Can the accuracy in Planck's constant ever be increased?

I guess I am having some confusion about the history of calculating Planck's constant. I see the mass of the electron may come into the equation here but isn't the measurement of mass based mostly ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

How can I estimate meta-uncertainty?

A type A uncertainty estimate is derived from repeated measurements. For example, I may estimate the uncertainty on a measurement by repeating the measurement $N$ times and then calculating some ...
3
votes
2answers
872 views

Significant figure rules [duplicate]

In a simple physics experiment, we take the average a few readings to reduce the random errors. I apply significant figure rules to these. Say we round off at each step: (8.0+9.0+10.0)/3 = 27.0/3 (...
0
votes
1answer
686 views

How should I calculate uncertainty of measurement calculated as average of two measurements

I am measuring force with two channel transducer. Both channels (separately) of this transducer has been calibrated and I can calculate uncertainty of measurement for each of it. However I want to ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Significant figures vs. absolute error

On NIST Avogadro's Number, $N_A = 6.022\;141\;29 \times 10^{23} \text{ mol}^{-1}$ has 9 significant figures and a standard uncertainty of $0.000\;000\;27 \times 10^{23} \text{ mol}^{-1}$. First, can ...
50
votes
8answers
15k views

Why does the speed of light in vacuum have no uncertainty?

I could understand that the definition of a second wouldn't have an uncertainty when related to the transition of the Cs atom, so it doesn't have an error because it's an absolute reference and we ...
-1
votes
1answer
203 views

How many measurements should be done? [closed]

I am measuring time of a computer operation. The operation should run roughly same time each time I measure it. How many times should I measure it to get good average and standard deviation?