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Questions tagged [matrix-elements]

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7
votes
3answers
7k views

When Eigenfunctions/Wavefunctions are real?

When the Hamiltonian is Hermitian(i,e. beyond the effective mass approximation), generally under which conditions the eigenfunctions/wavefunctions are real? What happens in 1D case like the finite ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is the momentum operator well-defined in the basis of standing waves?

Suppose I want to describe an arbitrary state of a quantum particle in a box of side $L$. The relevant eigenmodes are those of standing waves, namely $$ \left<x|n\right>=\sqrt{\frac{2}{L}}\cdot ...
6
votes
2answers
423 views

If the S-matrix has symmetry group G, must the fields be representations of G?

If the fields in QFT are representations of the Poincare group (or generally speaking the symmetry group of interest), then I think it's a straight forward consequence that the matrix elements and ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Proof that elastance matrix is invertible

I was reading this lecture notes from MIT OCW on capacitance . It says $V_i =\sum_j P_{ij}Q_{j} $ where the constants $P_{ij}$ are determined by the geometry of the conductors. This matrix can ...
5
votes
1answer
696 views

Perturbation of an operator - Meaning of matrix element [closed]

Let be $B$ an operator and $\left|\Psi\right>$, $\left|\Phi\right>$ two states (not necessarily equals). What is the meaning of a matrix element $\left<\Psi\right| B \left|\Phi\right>\...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Is there a list of hydrogenic transition matrix elements online?

Calculating transition matrix elements can be difficult, and I have found myself needing to use hydrogenic electric dipole transition matrix elements a fair bit. $$\mathbf{r}_{nlm}^{n'l'm'}=\langle\...
0
votes
1answer
218 views

How to derive the Schrödinger Equation from Heisenberg's matrix mechanics and vice-versa?

How do you derive the Schrödinger equation (wave mechanics, time dependent state) from Heisenberg's Matrix Mechanics (matrix based, time dependent operators)
3
votes
3answers
969 views

Vector space of $\mathbb{C}^4$ and its basis, the Pauli matrices

How do I write an arbitrary $2\times 2$ matrix as a linear combination of the three Pauli Matrices and the $2\times 2$ unit matrix? Any example for the same might help ?
2
votes
1answer
198 views

How is simple matrix representation related to quantum probabilities?

I went again through some of my undergraduate books of quantum mechanics to get a new look at it as a futur PhD (not in QM though). I got answers for some old questions that bugged me at the time but ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

PDFs expressed through matrix elements of bi-local operators

Extracted from 'At the frontier of ParticlePhysics, handbook of QCD, volume 2', '...in the physical Bjorken $x$-space formulation, an equivalent definition of PDFs can be given in terms of matrix ...
1
vote
0answers
764 views

How to construct the matrix of Hamiltonians for a hexagonal lattice

For part of a project I need to solve the time-independent Schrödinger equation, $\mathbf H\Psi = E\Psi$ (where $\mathbf H$ is the matrix with elements $\langle\Psi_i|H|\Psi_j\rangle$, and $\mathbf S$ ...
1
vote
2answers
956 views

Matrix representation of rotation operators in QM

The usual matrix form of an operator $X$ is given by matrix components $$\langle a''| X | a' \rangle $$ where $|a' \rangle$ forms a basis for the ket space. In the case where we define matrix of ...
0
votes
2answers
354 views

Index notation matrix calculation (Intro to Relativity)

Consider the next matrix: $$M_{ab} = \left(\begin{array}{cccc} -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ \end{array}\...