Questions tagged [mathematical-physics]

DO NOT USE THIS TAG just because your question involves math! If your question is on simplification of a mathematical expression, please ask it at math.stackexchange.com. Mathematical physics is the mathematically rigorous study of the foundations of physics, and the application of advanced mathematical methods to problems in physics. Examples include partial differential equations (PDEs), variational calculus, functional analysis, and potential theory.

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Reference request for mathematical physics from an axiomatically rigorous perspective [duplicate]

Being a grad student in math, and a rather pedantic one indeed, I was unable to accept many of the things taught to me in undergrad physics courses. I am now trying to learn the applications of ...
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1answer
55 views

References of Deficiency indices theorem (von Neumann)

I am looking for proof or some interpretation around why the domain of the new extension $D(A_U)$ in the Theorem below is given by its specific formula. I have already searched in papers and here but ...
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2answers
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Making a cut trough a center of mass, can the masses of the pieces be equal?

Let's say point $P$ is the center of mass of an irregularly shaped object. If I make a straight cut trough point $P$ and split the object in two, is it possible for the two pieces to have the same ...
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78 views

Book recommendation on Quantum Mechanics which is a bit mathematically aligned and gives good introduction to Hilbert Space for beginners [duplicate]

I am a 4th-year undergraduate student and I have fully read R. Shankar's book on Quantum Mechanics and Griffiths book Quantum Mechanics. I have also done a bit of the Application of QM on ...
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0answers
50 views

Recommended books for introduction to Quantum Mechanics for students who are mathematically aligned [duplicate]

I am a 4th-year undergraduate student and I have fully read R. Shankar's book on Quantum Mechanics and Griffiths book Quantum Mechanics. I have also done a bit of the Application of QM on ...
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5answers
533 views

Transition probability derivation: How to prove $\lim_{\alpha\rightarrow\infty} \frac{\sin^2\alpha x}{\alpha x^2} ~=~\pi\delta(x)$?

How to prove $$\lim_{\alpha\rightarrow\infty} \frac{\sin^2\alpha x}{\alpha x^2} ~=~\pi\delta(x)~?$$ I have encountered this limit while learning time dependent perturbation and transition ...
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1answer
36 views

Finding out the shape of the body from blackbody radiation spectrum

I have an idea similar to this, but I thought looking for an answer on this question might be a good start. Would it be possible to configure the geometry, i.e. shape of the body when we know the ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Why are Cauchy boundary conditions an over-specification of boundary conditions for solving Poisson’s equation?

I was referred to Physics.SE by the following content published in Jackson’s Classical Electrodynamics: This rather surprising result [the fact that the potential within a charge-free volume is ...
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1answer
188 views

Feynman diagrams as topology

When we talk about Feynman diagrams we know they are tools to make calculations easier and more intuitive. Moreover, it's said that they are "topological" representations of the interactions. But, ...
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1answer
32 views

Expand superspace function into component form

In 2D (1,1) superconformal field theory, the invariant "distance" between two points $Z_1=(z_1,\theta_1)$ and $Z_1=(z_1,\theta_1)$ in superspace is $$Z_{12}=z_1-z_2-\theta_1\theta_2.$$ My question ...
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55 views

Mathematically rigorours formulation of the Bogoliubov transform for bosons

Let $\mathfrak{H}$ denote the Hilbert space describing the single-particle states and $|k\rangle$ denote an orthonormal basis of $\mathfrak{H}$. Let $c_k$ denote the corresponding annihilation ...
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3answers
228 views

Rigorous procedure of gluing together two spacetimes

There seems to exist a procedure of "gluing two spacetimes together". In particular I've seem this mentioned in the context of gravitational collapse. The examples I've seem were that of gluing ...
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1answer
61 views

Asympototic analysis for the following series sum

I am wondering is there one way to extract the asymptotic behavior of $x$ in the following expression near $x=0$? $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} n\log(1-\exp(-n x))$$ where $x $ is real.
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1answer
68 views

Magnetization of the Ising model for an asymptotic vanishing magnetic field

I am considering the following ferromagnetic Hamiltonian for the 2-d Ising Model, say with periodic boundary condition in the torus $\Lambda_n=\mathbb{T}^2_n := (\mathbb{Z}/ \mathbb{Z}_n)^2$: $$ H_n(\...
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Fractional differential equations and Physics [duplicate]

Are the "fractional differential equations" have any real significance in respect to physics? or are they just stilted math?
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1answer
299 views

Path integrals, Ensembles, and Information theory in QFT and statistical mechanics (POV of a mathematician)

I apologize in advance for any stupid/wrong/enraging remarks in the question. I am a mathematician and not a physicist. Consequently this question was written entirely from the perspective of a ...
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0answers
19 views

Projection operators in non-equiibrium statistical mechanics - non-euclidean function space

In the formalism proposed by Zwanzig and Mori [1,2] for projection operators, an inner product is defined for the variables of phase space which is given by, $$ (A,B) = \int d\Gamma f_{eq}(\Gamma)A(\...
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10answers
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Is there something similar to Noether's theorem for discrete symmetries?

Noether's theorem states that, for every continuous symmetry of an action, there exists a conserved quantity, e.g. energy conservation for time invariance, charge conservation for $U(1)$. Is there any ...
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74 views

Relationship between boundary states and primary states of a Kazama-Suzuki model

In [1] and [2] the authors claim that the boundary states (not just the Ishibashi states) of a Kazama-Suzuki model are labelled in the same way as the primary states of the model, so that the boundary ...
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1answer
142 views

Statistical physics is unable to prove that $TdS=d\overline{E}$

I will pose $k_B=1$. Suppose a system of statistical physics with the constraints: $$ \begin{align} 1&=\sum_{q\in\mathbb{Q}}\rho(q)\\ \overline{E}(\beta)&=\sum_{q\in\mathbb{Q}} E(q)\exp(-\...
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1answer
110 views

Can there be an **essential topic** in physics which cannot be archimedean? [closed]

In physics it seems everything is explained with $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$ typed entitites. Is there anything in or that would be in future in physics that would need the utility of $p$-adics in an ...
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1answer
88 views

How Quintic 3-fold is a Calabi–Yau manifold and has non-vanishing Ricci scalar?

It’s well known that quintic 3-fold is a Calabi-Yau manifold in the complex projective space $\mathbb{CP}^{n+1}$ , see for instance: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quintic_threefold Now the main ...
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1answer
179 views

What periodic functions of the angle operator are Hermitian?

Let $\hat{\theta}$ be one of the position operators in cylindrical coordinates $(r,\theta,z)$. Then my question is, for what periodic functions $f$ (with period $2\pi$) is $f(\hat{\theta})$ a ...
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8answers
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Recommendations for statistical mechanics book

I learned thermodynamics and the basics of statistical mechanics but I'd like to sit through a good advanced book/books. Mainly I just want it to be thorough and to include all the math. And of course,...
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1answer
344 views

Proof $\exp(-\beta H)$ trace-class operator

Let $H=\frac{p^2}{2}+\frac{x^2}{2}\, : D(H) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be the Hamiltonian of the harmonic oscillator with $m=\hbar=\omega=1$. Prove that $\exp(-\beta H)$ is a trace-class operator if $\beta&...
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1answer
39 views

Choice of conjugate momentum for Ostrogradsky instability

I was reading this post and I don't understand why chosing: $Q_1=q\ $ and $\ Q_2=\dot{q}$ implies that $$P_1=\dfrac{\partial L}{\partial \dot{q}}-\dfrac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}t}\dfrac{\partial L}{\...
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1answer
174 views

Orthochronous indefinite orthogonal group $O^+(m, n)$ forms a group

My question is based on Qmechanic's answer here which proves that $O^+(m, 1)$ forms a group -- that if two Lorentz transformations have positive time-time co-ordinate, so does their product. The key ...
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0answers
43 views

Conformal weight of a coset model, and a specific case

Given a coset model $(G\times SO(2d))/H$, what is the expression for its conformal weight (in terms of its central charge or, alternatively, in terms of the highest weights of irreducible ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Lax Pairs In Integrability

I am working through Dr. Beiserts notes (https://people.phys.ethz.ch/~nbeisert/lectures/IntHS16-Notes.pdf) and have difficulty obtaining the second step in (2.9): $$\{{\rm tr}L^{k},{\rm tr}L^{\ell}\} ...
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Weight $h$ as a function of the central charge $c$ in a Unitary Highest Weight Irrep of the Virasoro algebra

A highest weight irreducible representation of the Virasoro algebra can be labelled uniquely by $(c,h)$, with $c$ the central charge and $h$ the "Witt weight" (the weight of the Witt algebra part of ...
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145 views

How are local observables encoded in this formulation of quantum field theory as a functor?

I've recently begun trying to understand a formulation of quantum field theory as a functor from a category of spacetimes-with-boundaries (bordisms) to a category of Hilbert spaces, as reviewed in [1]....
8
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2answers
664 views

Weyl anomaly in 2d CFT (string theory lectures by D.Tong)

In his lectures on String Theory (http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/tong/string.html), Tong gives a proof of the Weyl anomaly, using equation $(4.36)$. It seems wrong to me. Here he uses the OPE ...
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0answers
61 views

Vanishing Poisson bracket with non-vanishing Moyal bracket

Let $M=\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ be the phase space with standard Poisson bracket on smooth functions on $M$. Fix a classical hamiltonian $h$ (function on $M$) and function $f$ generating symmetry of $h$ i.e. $...
3
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1answer
118 views

Eigenspaces of the hydrogen atom as representations of $SO(3)$

When we computing the discrete spectrum of the hamiltonian of the hydrogen atom $$H=\Big(-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m} \Delta - \frac{e^2}{r} \large),$$ by some explicit computation we get that eigenspace $...
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0answers
40 views

Given a positive element, $a$, of a $C$*-algebra, why does there exists a pure state, $p$, on $A$ such that $p(a)=||a||$? [duplicate]

I'm reading secondary literature where they make this claim, however, I cannot see why it holds true. This is a reformulation from a previous question that I didn't specify good enough.
3
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1answer
93 views

Degenerate ground state of Hamiltonian from analytical perspective

Suppose I have a Hamiltonian that depends on the continuous vector parameter $\boldsymbol{\theta}$, and the ground state corresponds to line/plane or some other $1$ to $p-1$ dimensional subspace of ...
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0answers
30 views

Surface integral of vector field over cone, vertex not at origin

I have a vector field (originally given in Cartesian form). I need to find its integral over a cone with equation something like:$$1-z=\sqrt{x^2+y^2}, z>0$$ How do I proceed? It is not possible in ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Is there an integral form of the equations of QM or GR?

Maxwells equations and also the equations of fluid dynamics can be formulated as integral equations. These equations allow so called weak (non-differentiable) solutions, e.g. shock waves in fluid ...
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2answers
331 views

Why use a particular regularization for $\int_0^\infty \mathrm{d}x\,e^{i p x}$?

There are many badly defined integrals in physics. I want to discuss one of them which I see very often. $$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{d}x\,e^{i p x}$$ I have seen this integral in many physical problems. ...
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1answer
77 views

Different levels of physical model solvability and why reality doesn't care [closed]

In studying physics, one may get the impression that there exists some underlying or even physical difference between models, which solution - motion of a body, wave function - can be found explicitly,...
2
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1answer
123 views

Which matrices represent unitary projective representations of ${\rm SO(3)}$?

I was reading this post which triggered the following question. The group ${\rm SO(3)}$ is real orthogonal. However, it is possible to consider representations of ${\rm SO(3)}$ on a complex vector ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Are special conformal transformations continuous?

My understanding of special conformal transformations (SCTs) is fairly limited, but I believe that they are composed of an inversion, a translation and another inversion. Since inversions are discrete ...
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0answers
33 views

Current-carrying wire in a magnetic field. Cross product, vectors and scalars

We have a wire with cross-sectional area $A$, length $L$ and current $I$. If the wire is in a magnetic field $\vec B$, the magnetic force on each charge is $\vec F =q\vec v_d \times \vec B$. $\vec ...
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1answer
386 views

The use of Helmholtz decomposition

Examining the article on Wikipedia Helmholtz decomposition, compatible with the explanations of the book Introduction to Electrodynamics $4^{\mathrm{th}}$ edition David J. Griffiths §1.6 the theory of ...
2
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1answer
130 views

Maurer-Cartan form in Physics

I am just reading about the Maurer-Cartan form in the context of Lie Groups, although the mathematical definition: $$\Theta(g)({\bf v}) = (L_{g^{-1}})_{*g}({\bf v})$$ for $g\in G$, $G$ a Lie group, ${\...
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3answers
917 views

Is a system Liouville integrable if and only if its Hamilton-Jacobi equation is separable?

I am asked to show that, a system is completely integrable Liouville if and only if its Hamilton-Jacobi equation is completely separable. I get the idea and understand that is very related to the ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Is every operator a power series of creation and annihilation operators (in a rigorous mathematical sense)?

Let $\mathscr{H}$ be a Hilbert space denoting the single-particle states and $c_k^*,c_k$ denote creation and annihilation operators of orthonormal basis $\phi_k\in \mathscr{H}$. Let $\mathscr{F}$ ...
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1answer
72 views

What am I missing here? (How do we know the universe has a cause?) [closed]

I apologise if this has been asked before or is otherwise an ill-formed question. Consider the following predicates: $B(x)$: "$x$ began to exist". $C(x)$: "$x$ has a cause". Let $U$ be the ...
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2answers
6k views

Intuitive meaning of Hilbert Space formalism

I am totally confused about the Hilbert Space formalism of Quantum Mechanics. Can somebody please elaborate on the following points: The observables are given by self-adjoint operators on the ...
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0answers
169 views

How can we deduce that a hydrogen atom is stable in relativistic QED?

Consider relativistic quantum electrodynamics (QED) with three quantum fields: the electromagnetic field $A_\mu$, one fermion field $\psi$ for electrons/positrons, and one fermion field $\psi'$ for ...

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